Definition: Defining the Meaning of Home Health Monitoring
The use of IT and telecommunications to monitor the health of patients in their homes and to help ensure that appropriate action is taken. Patients are provided devices that measure vital signs, such as blood pressure, glucose level, pulse, blood oxygen level and weight, and then transmit the data to clinicians. Other devices are used for messaging - gathering information from patients on their symptoms, cognitive state and behavior, and sending them information and advice.
Disabled World reviews of home monitoring devices such as blood pressure monitors, fire and EMS alarms, medical bracelets and other home medical and emergency care needs.
Home Health Medical Monitoring Devices Include:
Cholesterol Monitors - A fast, portable, accurate and easy-to-use test system for self-monitoring cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, glucose or ketones to manage risk of heart disease, diabetes and ketogenic diet programs at home.
Home Asthma Products - Designed to assist in coping with chronic respiratory conditions. Available asthma products include Peak Flow Meters, Nebulizers, Aerosol Holding Devices, Spirometers, Panda Masks, CPAP Mask Cleaner and Accessories for asthma products.
Sphygmomanometer - Blood pressure meters are devices used to measure blood pressure,
Blood Glucose Meters - Use of a home blood glucose monitor with blood glucose test strips will help provide valuable information to help you control your diabetes. Glucose meters help people with diabetes check their blood sugar at home, school, work, and play. Other blood and urine tests reveal trends in diabetes management and help identify diabetes complications.
Medical Alerts - Personal alarm systems are not only useful for the old, infirm or weak, but also for those who are recovering from surgery and cannot move about easily. Many Medical Alerts or alarm systems have dual communication lines, meaning the alarm sends messages to the family or friends of the patient, and also an SOS to summon aid immediately from the medical agency that constantly monitors his condition. Today medical alert alarms come in necklaces, keyrings, bracelets, and other fashionable medical identification jewelry.
Common home monitoring medical products available include blood pressure monitors, blood sugar level testers, and heart rate monitors that resemble wristwatches.
Body-fat analysis can be used as a metric to measure progress in personal fitness programs or weight-control, and has the potential to be a better metric than absolute weight.
Wireless Remote Monitoring
Telehealth is seen as a significant tool among healthcare providers for reducing hospital readmission rates and to track disease progression.
Wireless remote monitoring devices will be used by more than 1.8 million people worldwide in four years, representing a six-fold increase in adoption of telehealth technology, according to a new study by InMedica, part of research firm IHS. The study shows that in 2012 caregivers remotely monitored 308,000 people with chronic illnesses.
According to InMedica, congestive heart failure currently accounts for the majority of telehealth patients, and it is one of the costliest for hospitalization. COPD is second in terms of telehealth patients. However, by 2017, diabetes is forecast to supplant COPD with the second largest share of telehealth patients.
Intel Corp. has launched a personal health system that combines a device used by patients at home with an online interface that permits healthcare professionals to remotely monitor and manage patients' medical conditions. Called the Intel Health Care Management Suite, the device was cleared by the Food and Drug Administration in July. It provides ongoing access to information about patients' vital signs and offers educational information, patient reminders, surveys, and video-conferencing capability. Intel plans to study how the device may impact health outcomes for chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
While personal devices today are largely if not completely external, the next generation may be implanted under the skin. Such devices could include artificial retinas, glucose monitors, organ monitors, cancer detectors, and general health monitors.
Quick Facts: Telemedicine
Today, telemedicine includes a growing number of applications and services using two-way video, smart phones, email, wireless tools and additional forms of telecommunications technologies. More than 40 years ago, with demonstrations of hospitals extending care to people in remote areas, the use of telemedicine spread quickly and is now becoming integrated into the ongoing operations of hospitals, home health agencies, specialty departments, private doctors offices, and people's workplaces and homes.