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International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, also known as ICF, is a classification of the health components of functioning and disability. The World Health Assembly on May 22, 2001, approved the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and its abbreviation of "ICF." This classification was first created in 1980 and then called the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps, or ICIDH by WHO to provide a unifying framework for classifying the health components of functioning and disability.
The ICF is structured around:
- Body functions and structure.
- Additional information on severity and environmental factors.
- Activities (related to tasks and actions by an individual) and participation (involvement in a life situation).