Here begins the journey of internal parasite. These intestinal parasites can be varying in their sizes. It can be microscopic to easily visible through naked eyes. Humans with worm infections may feel bloated, tired or hungry, allergies, asthma, gas, digestive disorders etc. Damage and symptoms will vary on the type of parasite infection. Tribals in Central India perform traditional knowledge to cope with this problem. Bhumka (Local Healers) suggest few herbal combinations for the same.
We bring this article on Herbal Formulation for de-worming. Traditional knowledge is being performed by the tribals in Central from hundreds of years. It has been a boon for curing common ailment among them. The current series of article aims to bring and highlight their system of treating various disorders.
Combination of herbs viz., Holarrhena antidysenterica, Mentha piperata, Tinospora cordifolia, Butea monosperma, Azadirachta indica, Emblica officinalis and Tribulus terrestris,
Drug preparation: Powder of Holarrhena antidysenterica Bark (1 tbsp), Mentha piperata Leaves (1 tbsp), Tinospora cordifolia Stem (2 tbsp), Butea monosperma Seeds (2 tbsp), Azadirachta indica Leaves (1 tbsp), Emblica officinalis Fruits (2 tbsp) and Tribulus terrestris Fruits (1 tbsp).
1. Holarrhena antidysenterica L. (Wall.)
Sanskrit- Kutaja, Kalinga; Hindi- Kurchi, Karchi, Karra, Kora, Kuar, Kureya, Kura; Bengali- Kurchi; Marathi- Kodaga, Kuda, Dola-kuda, Pandhara-kuda; Gujarati- Dhowda, Kuda, kari; Telugu- Pala, Kodaga; Tamil- Veppalei, Kodagapalei, Indrabam; Kannada- Beppale, Koodsaloo, Korchie; Malayalam- Kodagapala; Oriya- Kherwa, Pita korwa, Patru kurwa; Punjabi- Keor, Kewar; Assamiya- Dhutkhuri, Dudkhuri.
A deciduous laticiferous shrub or small tree 30-40 ft. high and up to 4 ft. in girth, with a clear bole of 10-20 ft., occurring almost throughout India up to an altitude of 4,000 ft., often gregariously in deciduous forests and open waste lands ; it is especially abundant in the sub-Himalayan tract. Bark rather rough, pale brownish or greyish, peeling off in irregular flakes; leaves opposite, subsessile, elliptic or ovate-oblong, 4-12 in. x 2-5 in., membranous : flowers white, in terminal corymbose cymes : follicles divaricate, cylindric, 6-18 in. long and 0.2-0.4 inch in diam., usually white spotted ; seeds light brown, 0.3-0.5 in. long, 900-1,000 seeds weighing one oz., 25-30 in a follicle : coma brownish, spreading,1-2 in. long (WOA, 1997).
2. Mentha piperata Linn.
Hindi- Paparmainta, Gamathi phudina; Punjabi- Vilayati pundina
A perennial, glabrous, strongly scented herb, occurring spontaneously or cultivated in temperate regions of Europe, Asia, North America and Australia. It is grown in Indian garden and also cultivated in Kashmir, Nilgiris, Mysore, Delhi and Dehra Dun. Stems erect 30-90 cm. high, purplish or green; leaves ovate or oblong-lanceolate, petioled, 2.5-10 cm. long, acute or obtuse at the base, coarsely serrate, smooth and dark green above, pale or sparingly hairly below; flowers purplish, in thick terminal spikes. (WOA, 1997).
3. Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook. f. & Thoms. (Gulancha, Tinospora)
Sanskrit- Amrita, Guluchi, Jwarari; Hindi- Amrita, Giloe, Gulancha, Gulbel, Guloh, Gurcha, Jiwantika; Bengali- Golancha; Marathi & Gujarati- Gulvel; Telugu- Tippateege; Tamil- Amudem chindil; Kannada- Amrutoballi, Madhuparne, Uganiballi; Malayalam- Amrytu, Chittamritam; Oriya- Culochi
A large, glabrous, deciduous climbing shrub found throughout tropical India, ascending to an altitude of 300m. Stems rather succulent with long filiform fleshy aerial roots from the branches. Bark grey-brown or creamy white, warty; leaves membranous, cordate with a broad sinus; flowers small, yellow or greenish yellow, appearing when the plant is leafless, in axillary and terminal racemes or racemose panicles; male flowers clustered and females usually solitary; drupes ovoid, glossy, succulent, red, pea-sized; seeds curved (WOA, 1997).
4. Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.
Bengali, Malayalam & Marathi- Palas; Gujarati- Khakharo; Hindi- Dhak, Palas; Kannada- Muttuga; Oriya- Porasu; Sanskrit- Palasa; Tamil- Parasa, Pilasu; Telugu-Mooduga, Palasamu; Punjabi- Chichra, Dhak, Palas
A deciduous tree with a somewhat crooked trunk, up to 15 m in height and 1.6-2.0 m (sometimes up to 3.8 m) in girth; commonly found throughout India, except in the arid regions. Bark bluish grey or light brown; leaves long-petioled, 3-foliolate, leaflets coriaceous, broadly obovate from a cuneate or deltoid base, glabrescent above, densely finely silky below; flower buds dark brown, flowers bright orange-red, sometimes yellow, in 15 cm long racemes on bare branches; pods pendulous, silky-tomentose, 10-13 cm long, containing one seed at its apex; seeds flat, reniform, 3.3-3.8 cm x 2.2-2.5 cm (WOA, 1997).
5. Azadirachta indica A. Juss. syn. Melia azadirachta Linn.
Bengali- Nim; Gujarati- Limbado; Hindi- Nim, Nimb; Kannada- Bevinamara; Malayalam- Veppa; Marathi- Limba; Oriya- Nimba; Sanskrit- Arishta, Nimba; Tamil- Vembu, Veppam; Telugu- Veepachettu, Yapachettu; Urdu- Nim
A large, evergreen tree, 12-18 m in height and 1.8-2.4 m in girth, with a straight bole and long, spreading branches forming a broad crown, commonly found throughout the greater part of India, and often cultivated. Bark grey or dark grey, rough, reddish brown inside, with numerous oblique furrows and scattered tubercles; leaves imparipinnate, alternate, 20-38 cm long: leaflets 8-19, alternate or opposite, ovate-lanceolate, oblique or sub-falcate, falcate-lanceolate, glossy, bluntly serrate; flowers white or pale-yellow, small, scented, numerous, in long, slender, very lax, axillary panicles; drupes green, turning yellow on ripening, aromatic, oblong, or ovoid-oblong, smooth, 1.3-1.8 cm long, with a single exalbuminous seed (WOA, 1997).
6. Emblica officinalis Gaertn. syn. Phyllanthus emblica Linn.
Sanskrit-Adiphala, Dhatri, Amalaka; Hindi- Amla, Amlika, Aonla; Bengali-Akla, Amlaki; Gujarati- Amali, Ambala; Telugu- Amalakamu, Usirikai; Tamil- Nelli; Kannada- Amalaka, Nelli; Malayalam- Nelli.
A small or medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth, greenish grey, exfoliating bark. Leaves feathery with small narrowly oblong, pinnately arranged leaflets. Fruits depressed globose, 1/2-1 inch in diam., fleshy and obscurely 6-lobed, containing 6 trigonous seeds. The tree is common in the mixed deciduous forests of India ascending to 4,500 ft. on the hills. It is often cultivated in gardens and homeyards. A type bearing comparatively larger fruits than the wild plant is known in cultivation (WOA, 1997).
7. Tribulus terrestris Linn.
Sanskrit- Gokshura, Ikshugancdha; Hindi- Gokhru; Bengali & Oriya- Gakhura, Gokshra; Marathi- Lahangokhru, Sarala, Sharatte; Gujarati- Betagokhru, Mithagokhru, Nahanagokhru; Telugu- Chinnipalleru, Chirupalleru, Pallerukayalu (fruits); Tamil & Malayalam- Nerunji, Nerinjeekai (fruits); Kannada- Sanna neggilu; Ladakh- Rasha, Kokulla; Punjabi- Lotak, Bakhra; Rajasthani- Gokhatri, Gokhru-bara, Kanti, Gokhrusdesi
A variable, prostrate annual, up to 90 cm. in length, commonly found throughout India, up to an altitude of c 5,400 m. Roots slender, cylindrical, somewhat fibrous, 10-15 cm. long, light brown and faintly aromatic; leaves paripinnate: leaflets 5-8 pairs, subequal, oblong to linear-oblong; flowers leaf-opposed, solitary, pale-yellow to yellow; fruits globose, consisting of 5-12 woody cocci, each with 2 pairs of hard, sharp, divaricate spines, one pair longer than the other; seeds several in each coccus with transverse partitions between them (WOA, 1997).
WOA. 1997. Wealth of Asia (AHEAD).
About the Authors:
Dr Deepak Acharya: He is the Director of a herbal formulation company in Ahmedabad, India. He has been documenting ethnobotanical knowledge of tribals of Central and Western India. He has written 30 research papers in National and International journals of repute. He writes popular articles for web and magazines. Meet him on his homepage dracharya.tripod.com or contact via email on firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms Garima Sancheti: She is a research scholar, working in the field of Radiation and Cancer Biology from Department of Zoology (University of Rajasthan, India). She has to her credit various research papers in scientific journals as well as articles on web. Contact her on email@example.com
Dr Anshu Shrivastava: He is a Botanist and PhD from BSI- Jodhpur, currently working as Research Associate in SRISTI- Ahmedabad. He can be contacted on firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Sanjay Pawar: He is a botanist in Chhindwara, Madhya Pradesh.