The atrium's collect blood from outside of the heart area and forces it into the ventricular chambers. The two ventricular chambers distribute the blood into the lungs for oxygenation or into the rest of the human body depending on which one of the ventricular chambers you are looking at.
Some times one or more of the four sets of valves become damaged due to disease, injury or you could be born with a hart valve defect. Normally the he valves will allow the blood to flow in only one direction but when damaged the valves will not operate correctly. Valvular regurgitation (leakiness) and stenosis (stiffness) are the two major type of heart valve disease. If the damage to the valve is large enough you could suffer from heart valve disease and if left unchecked the possibility of a heart attack or even death is greatly increased.
Causes of heart valve disease.
The recreational use of Amphetamines, Cocaine, Methamphetamine, Ecstasy and other drugs can overwork the heart and lead to a heart valve disease.
Another cause is a condition known as congenital abnormality which is a defect in the heart valve that is present at birth such as a heart murmur, small hole in the valve or some type malformation of the valves.
Narrowing of the blood vessels or arteries leading to and away from the heart can cause enough stress on the valves of the heart to cause damage. This can be caused by extensive calcification that sometimes occurs in old age such as atherosclerosis. Bacterial infection, inflammation of the valve, and diseases such as rheumatic fever may also lead to heart valve problems.
Symptoms of some type of heart valve disease can be very mild and can be attributed to a number of different problems such as asthma, heartburn, cynosis (a blueish coloration to the lips and to the bed of the finger nails). It is a serious condition and you should never try to self-diagnose the problem.
If you notice any of the following symptoms during physical activity your should report it to your health care provider as soon as possible. If you experience dizzy spells or faintness, shortness of breath, chest pain, skin coloration changes to a gray or blueish tint (pink or red is normal), or your recovery time from physical activity is excessive.
Obviously good diet and exercise will greatly reduce your chances of developing some type of heart valve problems. As with any medical condition early detection and treatment is paramount in the successful recovery from heart valve disease.
Common Vitamins and over the counter products can help with heart valve disease such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Sytrinol, Pantothenic Acid, Niacin, Policosanol and Antioxidants.
Vitamin C has show to lower high blood pressure.
Vitamin E improves circulation and promotes normal blood clotting and is known to help the red blood cells to live longer.
Sytrinol are known to be useful in helping maintain a healthy cholesterol level in the body by reducing triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein levels.
Pantothenic Acid is another form of nontoxic B vitamins and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Niacin is the closest thing available to a perfect treatment that corrects most causes of coronary heart disease. Niacin blocks the release of fatty acids from fat cells. Niacin plays a critical role in energy production, gene expression, and hormone synthesis. You cannot live without it. Niacin also tends to shift LDL particle distribution to larger particle size and improve HDL functioning.
Policosanol is a natural supplement derived from sugar cane and it promotes healthy platelet function and helps to maintain normal cholesterol levels in the human body.
Lifestyle changes can also lower the risk of medical emergencies. If you smoke quit, eat healthy foods, maintain proper weight and get regular exercise.