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List of Hotkeys and Keyboard Shortcuts

Author: Disabled World

Contact : www.disabled-world.com

Published: 2009-02-17 - (Updated: 2020-04-06)

Synopsis:

This handy list of computer keyboard hotkey shortcuts will make computing a lot faster and easier for people with disabilities.

Key Points:

Main Digest

What Are HotKeys?

A computer, or other electronic device, keyboard shortcut, also known as an accelerator key, shortcut key, key binding, keybinding, key combo, etc., is a key, or set of keys, that performs a predefined function. These functions can often be done via some other, more indirect mechanism, such as using a menu, typing a longer command, and/or using a pointing device. By reducing such sequences to a few keystrokes, this can often save the user time, hence "shortcut" and make computing a lot easier for people with disabilities.

An overhead shot of a MacBook with a draft of an executive summary on a wooden surface - Photo by Bram Naus on Unsplash.
An overhead shot of a MacBook with a draft of an executive summary on a wooden surface - Photo by Bram Naus on Unsplash.

Certain Hotkeys Can Pressed Simultaneously

For example ctrl + alt + delete will bring up the task manager.

Although there is another way to put sticky keys mode on. One of the fastest ways is to press "SHIFT" 5 times. Sticky keys will make it so that you can press one key at a time when doing hotkey combinations instead of having to have all the combined keys pressed down at the same time.

Ctrl + Alt + Delete

Mostly used in case of emergency.

Also see: Using Sticky Keys for Windows and Mac Computer Accessibility - Sticky Keys are designed for people who have difficulty holding down two or more keyboard keys simultaneously.

A List of Commonly Used Windows HotKeys:
Hotkeys and Keyboard Shortcuts
  • Ctrl + Escape or Win : Display start menu.
  • Shift + F10 or AppsKey : Display context menu.
  • Win + E : Open Windows Explorer.
  • Win + R : Open Run dialog.
  • Win + M : Minimize all windows.
  • Win + Shift + M : Undo minimize all windows.
  • Win + D : Toggle minimize all windows.
  • Win + B (XP only) : Activate system tray. Arrow keys select, Enter double-clicks, and AppsKey or Shift + F10 right-clicks.
  • Win + L (XP Only) : Locks keyboard. Similar to Lock Workstation.
  • Win + F or F3 : Open Find dialog. (All Files) F3 may not work in some applications which use F3 for their own find dialogs.
  • Win + Control + F : Open Find dialog. (Computers)
  • Win + U : Open Utility Manager.
  • Win + F1 : Open Windows help.
  • Win + Pause : Open System Properties dialog.
  • Win + Tab : Cycle through taskbar buttons. Enter clicks, AppsKey or Shift + F10 right-clicks.
  • Win + Shift + Tab : Cycle through taskbar buttons in reverse.
  • Alt + Tab : Display CoolSwitch. More commonly known as the AltTab dialog.
  • Alt + Shift + Tab : Display CoolSwitch; go in reverse.
  • Alt + Escape : Send active window to the bottom of the z-order.
  • Alt + Shift + Escape : Activate the window at the bottom of the z-order.
  • Alt + F4 : Close active window; or, if all windows are closed, open shutdown dialog.
  • Shift while a CD is loading : Bypass AutoPlay.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Delete or Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDel (Both NumLock states) : Invoke the Task Manager or NT Security dialog.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Escape (XP Only) : Invoke the task manager. On earlier OSes, acts like Ctrl + Escape.
  • Printscreen : Copy screenshot of current screen to clipboard.
  • Alt + Printscreen : Copy screenshot of current active window to clipboard.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Down Arrow : Invert screen. (XP).
  • Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow : Undo inversion.
Generic HotKeys
  • Ctrl + C or Ctrl + Insert : Copy.
  • Ctrl + X or Shift + Delete : Cut.
  • Ctrl + V or Shift + Insert : Paste/Move.
  • Ctrl + N : New... File, Tab, Entry, etc.
  • Ctrl + S : Save.
  • Ctrl + O : Open...
  • Ctrl + P : Print.
  • Ctrl + Z : Undo.
  • Ctrl + A : Select all.
  • Ctrl + F : Find...
  • Ctrl + F4 : Close tab or child window.
  • F1 : Open help.
  • F11 : Toggle full screen mode.
  • Alt or F10 : Activate menu bar.
  • Alt + Space : Display system menu. Same as clicking the icon on the titlebar.
  • Escape : Remove focus from current control/menu, or close dialog box.
Generic Navigation - Keyboard Shortcut Keys
  • Tab : Forward one item.
  • Shift + Tab : Backward one item.
  • Ctrl + Tab : Cycle through tabs/child windows.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Tab : Cycle backwards through tabs/child windows.
  • Enter : If a button's selected, click it, otherwise, click default button.
  • Space : Toggle items such as radio buttons or checkboxes.
  • Alt + (Letter) : Activate item corresponding to (Letter). (Letter) is the underlined letter on the item's name.
  • Ctrl + Left : Move cursor to the beginning of previous word.
  • Ctrl + Right : Move cursor to the beginning of next word.
  • Ctrl + Up : Move cursor to beginning of previous paragraph. This and all subsequent Up/Down hotkeys in this section have only been known to work in RichEdit controls.
  • Ctrl + Down : Move cursor to beginning of next paragraph.
  • Shift + Left : Highlight one character to the left.
  • Shift + Right : Highlight one character to the right.
  • Shift + Up : Highlight from current cursor position, to one line up.
  • Shift + Down : Highlight from current cursor position, to one line down.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Left : Highlight to beginning of previous word.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Right : Highlight to beginning of next word.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Up : Highlight to beginning of previous paragraph.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Down : Highlight to beginning of next paragraph.
  • Home : Move cursor to top of a scrollable control.
  • End : Move cursor to bottom of a scrollable control.
Generic File Browser - HotKeys
  • Arrow Keys : Navigate.
  • Shift + Arrow Keys : Select multiple items.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Keys : Change focus without changing selection. "Focus" is the object that will run on Enter. Space toggles selection of the focused item.
  • (Letter) : Select first found item that begins with (Letter).
  • BackSpace : Go up one level to the parent directory.
  • Alt + Left : Go back one folder.
  • Alt + Right : Go forward one folder.
  • Enter : Activate (Double-click) selected item(s).
  • Alt + Enter : View properties for selected item.
  • F2 : Rename selected item(s).
  • F7 : New folder.
  • Ctrl + NumpadPlus : In a Details view, resizes all columns to fit the longest item in each one.
  • Delete : Delete selected item(s).
  • Shift + Delete : Delete selected item(s); bypass Recycle Bin.
  • Ctrl while dragging item(s) : Copy.
  • Ctrl + Shift while dragging item(s) : Create shortcut(s).
In tree pane, if any:
  • Left : Collapse the current selection if expanded, or select the parent folder.
  • Right : Expand the current selection if collapsed, or select the first subfolder.
  • NumpadAsterisk : Expand currently selected directory and all subdirectories. No undo.
  • NumpadPlus : Expand currently selected directory.
  • NumpadMinus : Collapse currently selected directory.
Keyboard - Accessibility Aids
  • Right Shift for eight seconds : Toggle FilterKeys on and off. FilterKeys must be enabled.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + PrintScreen : Toggle High Contrast on and off. High Contrast must be enabled.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + NumLock : Toggle MouseKeys on and off. MouseKeys must be enabled.
  • NumLock for five seconds : Toggle ToggleKeys on and off. ToggleKeys must be enabled.
  • Shift five times : Toggle StickyKeys on and off. StickyKeys must be enabled.
Microsoft Natural Keyboard - with IntelliType Software Installed.
  • Win + L : Log off Windows.
  • Win + P : Open Print Manager.
  • Win + C : Open control panel.
  • Win + V : Open clipboard.
  • Win + K : Open keyboard properties.
  • Win + I : Open mouse properties.
  • Win + A : Open Accessibility properties.
  • Win + Space : Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys.
  • Win + S : Toggle CapsLock on and off.
Remote Desktop - Connection Navigation
  • Ctrl + Alt + End : Open the NT Security dialog.
  • Alt + PageUp : Switch between programs.
  • Alt + PageDown : Switch between programs in reverse.
  • Alt + Insert : Cycle through the programs in most recently used order.
  • Alt + Home : Display start menu.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Break : Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen.
  • Alt + Delete : Display the Windows menu.
  • Ctrl + Alt + NumpadMinus : Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing Alt + PrintScreen on a local computer.
  • Ctrl + Alt + NumpadPlus : Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PrintScreen on a local computer.
Mozilla Firefox - Browser Shortcuts
  • Ctrl + Tab or Ctrl + PageDown : Cycle through tabs.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Tab or Ctrl + PageUp : Cycle through tabs in reverse.
  • Ctrl + (1-9) : Switch to tab corresponding to number.
  • Ctrl + N : New window.
  • Ctrl + T : New tab.
  • Ctrl + L or Alt + D or F6 : Switch focus to location bar.
  • Ctrl + Enter : Open location in new tab.
  • Shift + Enter : Open location in new window.
  • Ctrl + K or Ctrl + E : Switch focus to search bar.
  • Ctrl + O : Open a local file.
  • Ctrl + W : Close tab, or window if there's only one tab open.
  • Ctrl + Shift + W : Close window.
  • Ctrl + S : Save page as a local file.
  • Ctrl + P : Print page.
  • Ctrl + F or F3 : Open find toolbar.
  • Ctrl + G or F3 : Find next...
  • Ctrl + Shift + G or Shift + F3 : Find previous...
  • Ctrl + B or Ctrl + I : Open Bookmarks sidebar.
  • Ctrl + H : Open History sidebar.
  • Escape : Stop loading page.
  • Ctrl + R or F5 : Reload current page.
  • Ctrl + Shift + R or Ctrl + F5 : Reload current page; bypass cache.
  • Ctrl + U : View page source.
  • Ctrl + D : Bookmark current page.
  • Ctrl + NumpadPlus or Ctrl + Equals (+/=) : Increase text size.
  • Ctrl + NumpadMinus or Ctrl + Minus : Decrease text size.
  • Ctrl + Numpad0 or Ctrl + 0 : Set text size to default.
  • Alt + Left or Backspace : Back.
  • Alt + Right or Shift + Backspace : Forward.
  • Alt + Home : Open home page.
  • Ctrl + M : Open new message in integrated mail client.
  • Ctrl + J : Open Downloads dialog.
  • F6 : Switch to next frame. You must have selected something on the page already, e.g. by use of Tab.
  • Shift + F6 : Switch to previous frame. Apostrophe ('): Find link as you type.
  • Slash (/) : Find text as you type.
BBCodes - While text is selected:
  • Alt + B : Format text in bold.
  • Alt + I : Format text in italics.
  • Alt + U : Format text as underlined.
  • Alt + Q : Format text as a quote.
  • Alt + C : Format text as code.
  • Alt + L : Format text as a list.
  • Alt + O : Format text as an ordered list.
  • Alt + P : Format url as a hotlinked image.
  • Alt + W : Format url as a hyperlink.
GMail - Must have "keyboard shortcuts" on in settings.
  • C : Compose new message.
  • Shift + C : Open new window to compose new message.
  • Slash (/) : Switch focus to search box.
  • K : Switch focus to the next most recent email. Enter or "O" opens focused email.
  • J : Switch focus to the next oldest email.
  • N : Switch focus to the next message in the "conversation." Enter or "O" expands/collapses messages.
  • P : Switch focus to the previous message.
  • U : Takes you back to the inbox and checks for new mail.
  • Y : Various actions depending on current view: Has no effect in "Sent" and "All Mail" views.
  • Inbox : Archive email or message.
  • Starred : Unstar email or message.
  • Spam : Unmark as spam and move back to "Inbox."
  • Trash : Move back to "Inbox."
  • Any label : Remove the label.
  • X : "Check" an email. Various actions can be performed against all checked emails.
  • S : "Star" an email. Identical to the more familiar term, "flagging."
  • R : Reply to the email.
  • A : Reply to all recipients of the email.
  • F : Forward an email.
  • Shift + R : Reply to the email in a new window.
  • Shift + A : Reply to all recipients of the email in a new window.
  • Shift + F : Forward an email in a new window.
  • Shift + 1 (!) : Mark an email as spam and remove it from the inbox.
  • G then I : Switch to "Inbox" view.
  • G then S : Switch to "Starred" view.
  • G then A : Switch to "All Mail" view.
  • G then C : Switch to "Contacts" view.
  • G then S : Switch to "Drafts" view.

Other Handy Keyboad Shortcuts

Related Documents

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