Your pulse is defined as the rate at which your heart beats. Your pulse is usually called your heart rate, which is the number of times your heart beats each minute (bpm). The pulse may be palpated in any place that allows an artery to be compressed against a bone, such as at the neck (carotid artery), at the wrist (radial artery), behind the knee (popliteal artery), on the inside of the elbow (brachial artery), and near the ankle joint (posterior tibial artery). The pulse can also be measured by listening to the heart beat directly (auscultation), traditionally using a stethoscope. You check your pulse rate by counting the beats in a set period of time (at least 15 to 20 seconds) and multiplying that number to get the number of beats per minute.
"You can measure your pulse rate anywhere an artery comes close to the skin, such as in your wrist, neck, temple area, groin, behind the knee, or top of your foot."
By checking your pulse, and comparing the resulting beats per minute (BPM) using the pulse rate chart below, you can find out how well your heart is working, as well as your general health and fitness levels.
Pulse rates vary from person to person. The normal pulse rate for humans is usually 60 to 100 beats per minute, however, there are certain medical conditions such as cardiac arrhythmia which may alter the normal pulse rate of an individual. Other influencing factors include your age, gender and fitness level.
You can check your pulse rate by placing tips of your index, second and third fingers on the palm side of your other wrist, below the base of the thumb or on your lower neck, on either side of your windpipe. Do not use your thumb because it has its own pulse that you may feel.
This is located in your neck, on either side of your windpipe. Be careful when checking your pulse in this location, especially if you are older than 65. If you press too hard, you may become lightheaded and dizzy.
Your pulse can also be measured by listening to the heart beat directly (auscultation), traditionally using a stethoscope.
Electronic pulse meters automatically check your pulse in your finger, wrist, or chest. These devices are helpful if you have trouble measuring your pulse or if you wish to check your pulse while you exercise. Some exercise machines such as treadmills have a pulse meter built into the device.
Count the beats for 15 seconds and multiply this number by 4 to get your pulse per minute. Checking your pulse rates when resting, during exercises or after it, provides general information about your overall fitness level.
|Baby and Child Pulse Rate (BPM)|
|1st month of life - 70-190 bpm|
|Between 1 and 11 mths - 80-160 bpm|
|1 and 2 yrs - 80-130 bpm|
|3 and 4 yrs - 80-120 bpm|
|5 and 6 yrs - 75-115 bpm|
|Between 7 and 9 yrs - 70-110 bpm|
|10 years of age plus - 60-100 bpm|
The chart below shows target heart rates for different ages. An adults maximum heart rate is around 220 bpm minus your age.
|Average Pulse Rate for Adults|
|Age||Target Heart Rate 50 - 85%||Average Maximum Heart Rate 100%|
|20 years||100-170 beats per minute||200 beats per minute|
|30 yrs||95-162 bpm||190 bpm|
|35 yrs||93-157 bpm||185 bpm|
|40 yrs||90-153 bpm||180 bpm|
|45 yrs||88-149 bpm||175 bpm|
|50 yrs||85-145 bpm||170 bpm|
|55 yrs||83-140 bpm||165 bpm|
|60 yrs||80-136 bpm||160 bpm|
|65 yrs||78-132 bpm||155 bpm|
|70 yrs||75-128 bpm||150 bpm|
Means the heart is beating too fast at rest (usually over 100 beats a minute (BPM))
A heart rate that is too slow (usually below 60 beats a minute(BPM))
You gain the most benefits and lessen the risks when you exercise in your target heart rate zone. Usually this is when your exercise heart rate (pulse) is 60 percent to 80 percent of your maximum heart rate - (Target Heart Rate Calculator and Chart)
The maximum heart rate is the highest your pulse rate can get. To calculate your predicted maximum heart rate, use the formula: 220 - Your Age = Predicted Maximum Heart Rate
It is recommended that a physician be consulted for advice in event of doubts or therapy.