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Canadian Male and Female Life Expectancy Rates by Province and Territory

  • Published: 2017-05-12 : Disabled World (Disabled World).
  • Synopsis: Chart showing life expectancy ages for men and women in Canada at birth and at age 65 by province and territory.

Main Document

The average life expectancy of Canadians continues to rise, and has now reached 81.1 years. Canadian males generally have a lower life expectancy than women, however the gap has narrowed over the past decade. British Columbia (BC) ranks top among Canadian provinces and territories for life span in both men and women, while people in Canada's three northern territories have the lowest life expectancy rate.

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting at birth, if the age and sex-specific mortality rates for a given observation period (such as a calendar year) were held constant over the estimated life span. Factors that can influence life expectancy include quality of workplace safety, suicide rates, infant mortality, and access to health care all play roles in the ages of death from province to province.

Outline map of Canada showing Canadian provinces and territories.
About This Image: Outline map of Canada showing Canadian provinces and territories.
Socio-economic inequality also has a profound impact on health and access to services, for example, while the overall life expectancy of Montrealers has gone up, males from wealthier parts of Montreal, such as Lac-Saint-Louis, live an average of six years longer than those from lower income suburbs such as Pointe-Saint-Charles.

What is Health-adjusted Life Expectancy?

Health-adjusted life expectancy is a more comprehensive indicator than that of life expectancy because it introduces the concept of quality of life. Health-adjusted life expectancy is the number of years in full health that an individual can expect to live given the current morbidity and mortality conditions. Health-adjusted life expectancy uses the Health Utility Index (HUI) to weigh years lived in good health higher than years lived in poor health. Thus, health-adjusted life expectancy is not only a measure of quantity of life but also a measure of quality of life.

Also see our Average Life Span Expectancy Chart - a list of male and female lifespan expectant averages by country and average age to death.

Canadian Life Expectancy at Birth and Age 65 By Sex, Province and Territory 2007/2009
Both M F Both M F
At birth Age 65
Canada81.178.883.320.218.521.6
Newfoundland and Labrador78.976.581.218.216.619.7
Prince Edward Island80.277.582.819.317.620.7
Nova Scotia80.177.782.419.317.520.9
New Brunswick80.277.582.819.517.721.1
Quebec81.278.883.420.118.321.6
Ontario81.579.283.620.318.721.7
Manitoba79.577.081.919.617.721.2
Saskatchewan79.677.082.119.717.921.3
Alberta80.778.583.020.218.521.6
British Columbia81.779.583.920.719.222.0
Territories(i)75.172.578.216.915.618.4

(i) Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Source: Statistics Canada.

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