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Canadian Male and Female Life Expectancy Rates by Province and Territory

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  • Synopsis: Chart showing life expectancy ages for men and women in Canada at birth and at age 65 by province and territory - Published: 2017-05-12. For further information pertaining to this article contact: Ian Langtree at Disabled World.

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The average life expectancy of Canadians continues to rise, and has now reached 81.1 years. Canadian males generally have a lower life expectancy than women, however the gap has narrowed over the past decade. British Columbia (BC) ranks top among Canadian provinces and territories for life span in both men and women, while people in Canada's three northern territories have the lowest life expectancy rate.

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting at birth, if the age and sex-specific mortality rates for a given observation period (such as a calendar year) were held constant over the estimated life span. Factors that can influence life expectancy include quality of workplace safety, suicide rates, infant mortality, and access to health care all play roles in the ages of death from province to province.

Outline map of Canada showing Canadian provinces and territories.
Outline map of Canada showing Canadian provinces and territories.
Socio-economic inequality also has a profound impact on health and access to services, for example, while the overall life expectancy of Montrealers has gone up, males from wealthier parts of Montreal, such as Lac-Saint-Louis, live an average of six years longer than those from lower income suburbs such as Pointe-Saint-Charles.

What is Health-adjusted Life Expectancy?

Health-adjusted life expectancy is a more comprehensive indicator than that of life expectancy because it introduces the concept of quality of life. Health-adjusted life expectancy is the number of years in full health that an individual can expect to live given the current morbidity and mortality conditions. Health-adjusted life expectancy uses the Health Utility Index (HUI) to weigh years lived in good health higher than years lived in poor health. Thus, health-adjusted life expectancy is not only a measure of quantity of life but also a measure of quality of life.

Also see our Average Life Span Expectancy Chart - a list of male and female lifespan expectant averages by country and average age to death.

Canadian Life Expectancy at Birth and Age 65 By Sex, Province and Territory 2007/2009
Both M F Both M F
At birth Age 65
Canada 81.1 78.8 83.3 20.2 18.5 21.6
Newfoundland and Labrador 78.9 76.5 81.2 18.2 16.6 19.7
Prince Edward Island 80.2 77.5 82.8 19.3 17.6 20.7
Nova Scotia 80.1 77.7 82.4 19.3 17.5 20.9
New Brunswick 80.2 77.5 82.8 19.5 17.7 21.1
Quebec 81.2 78.8 83.4 20.1 18.3 21.6
Ontario 81.5 79.2 83.6 20.3 18.7 21.7
Manitoba 79.5 77.0 81.9 19.6 17.7 21.2
Saskatchewan 79.6 77.0 82.1 19.7 17.9 21.3
Alberta 80.7 78.5 83.0 20.2 18.5 21.6
British Columbia 81.7 79.5 83.9 20.7 19.2 22.0
Territories(i) 75.1 72.5 78.2 16.9 15.6 18.4

(i) Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Source: Statistics Canada.



Related:

  1. Calculate Your Age in Days Weeks Months and Day You Were Born On - Our quick and easy age calculator shows you exactly how many years, months, weeks, and days you have lived since you were born.

  2. Why Do Females Live Longer than Males? - Longevity may relate to immune system differences, responses to oxidative stress, mitochondrial fitness or that men have one X chromosome (and one Y), while women have two X chromosomes - University of Alabama at Birmingham
  3. Biological Age Calculator: Check Your True Health Age - Real age calculator provides longevity information and calculates your approximate health age or biological age as well as your estimated life expectancy - Ian Langtree





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