Life expectancy in India has increased by more than 10 years in the past 20 years. However, life expectancy in India still falls short of most developed and developing nations; the infant mortality rate is 3 times higher than China's and 7 times higher than the U.S.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines life expectancy as; "the average number of years a person is expected to live on the basis of the current mortality rates and prevalence distribution of health states in a population".
The supply of clean drinking water and better control of non-communicable diseases are playing major roles in the increasing average lifespan of people in India - it was only a century ago that the average lifespan in India and South Korea was as low as 23 years. Life-threatening diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough have been eliminated completely, and India has also been recently declared a polio free nation. However, it is estimated that 20% of deaths among Indian males aged between 30 and 69 is attributable to the use of tobacco. As yet, India has found no remedy to some of the new issues that accompany civilization.Almost all Indian States recorded a higher life expectancy for females in 2010-14 across both rural and urban areas.
Also see our Average Life Span Expectancy Chart - a list of male and female lifespan expectant averages by country and average age to death.
The chart below shows life expectancy at birth, sex, and residence, in the larger Indian states for the period 2010-14. The statistics include total population as well as male and female components.
|Life Expectancy in India and Larger States (2010-14)|
|Jammu & Kashmir||72.6||70.9||74.9||71.6||70.2||73.6||76.2||73.6||79.6|
Data Sources: Human Development Index Report, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) India and Sample Registration Survey (SRS) based life table 2010-14.
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