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Average Life Expectancy in India and Indian States

  • Synopsis: Published: 2017-05-14 (Revised/Updated 2017-05-15) - Statistics showing average life expectancy ages for men and women in India at birth, by states, and rural and urban areas. For further information pertaining to this article contact: Ian Langtree at Disabled World.

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Life expectancy in India has increased by more than 10 years in the past 20 years. However, life expectancy in India still falls short of most developed and developing nations; the infant mortality rate is 3 times higher than China's and 7 times higher than the U.S.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines life expectancy as; "the average number of years a person is expected to live on the basis of the current mortality rates and prevalence distribution of health states in a population".

The supply of clean drinking water and better control of non-communicable diseases are playing major roles in the increasing average lifespan of people in India - it was only a century ago that the average lifespan in India and South Korea was as low as 23 years. Life-threatening diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough have been eliminated completely, and India has also been recently declared a polio free nation. However, it is estimated that 20% of deaths among Indian males aged between 30 and 69 is attributable to the use of tobacco. As yet, India has found no remedy to some of the new issues that accompany civilization.

Outline map of India showing states.
About This Image: Outline map of India showing states.
Almost all Indian States recorded a higher life expectancy for females in 2010-14 across both rural and urban areas.

  • Kerala recorded the highest life expectancy at birth for both males and females in rural areas, Himachal Pradesh recorded the highest for males in urban areas, and Jammu and Kashmir for females in urban areas.
  • The lowest life expectancy at birth was recorded in the State of Madhya Pradesh for rural males and Assam for rural females.
  • In Urban, the lowest life expectancy at birth was recorded in Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh for males and females respectively.

Also see our Average Life Span Expectancy Chart - a list of male and female lifespan expectant averages by country and average age to death.

The chart below shows life expectancy at birth, sex, and residence, in the larger Indian states for the period 2010-14. The statistics include total population as well as male and female components.

Life Expectancy in India and Larger States (2010-14)
Total Rural Urban
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
Andhra Pradesh68.566.370.866.964.669.372.870.775.2
Himachal Pradesh71.669.374.171.268.873.876.375.277.8
Jammu & Kashmir72.670.974.971.670.273.676.273.679.6
Madhya Pradesh64.262.566.063.061.365.068.967.470.6
Tamil Nadu70.668.672.769.267.271.372.570.574.5
Uttar Pradesh64.162.965.463.362.164.767.866.868.9
West Bengal70.268.971.669.468.070.872.271.073.6

Data Sources: Human Development Index Report, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) India and Sample Registration Survey (SRS) based life table 2010-14.

Related Information:

  1. Biological Age Calculator: Check Your True Health Age - Real age calculator provides longevity information and calculates your approximate health age or biological age as well as your estimated life expectancy - Ian Langtree
  2. Why Do Females Live Longer than Males? - Longevity may relate to immune system differences, responses to oxidative stress, mitochondrial fitness or that men have one X chromosome (and one Y), while women have two X chromosomes - University of Alabama at Birmingham
  3. Calculate Your Age in Days Weeks Months and Day You Were Born On - Our quick and easy age calculator shows you exactly how many years, months, weeks, and days you have lived since you were born.

Information from our Calculators & Charts: Health Weights & Measures section - (Full List).

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