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Human Diseases and Disorders Acronyms

Published: 2020-06-06 - Updated: 2021-08-01
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Synopsis: List of acronyms, abbreviations, and initials that relate to human diseases and includes both infectious and non-infectious diseases and medical disorders.. Periods (full stops) were often used when styling abbreviations, however, prevalent practice in medicine today is often to forego them as unnecessary. A common way to represent plurals when writing medical acronyms, abbreviations, and initials is to add a lowercase "s" without an apostrophe.

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While the vast majority of people don’t really need to understand specific discipline terminology outside of their profession, medical vocabulary is one notable exception in order to know about factors regarding our health.


A list of medical abbreviations and acronyms of the most common infectious and non-infectious human Diseases and disorders. Periods (full stops) were often used when styling abbreviations, however, prevalent practice in medicine today is often to forego them as unnecessary. In addition the most common way to represent plurals when writing medical acronyms, abbreviations, and initials is to add a lowercase "s" - without an apostrophe.

Whether you are working on mastering medical abbreviations or just looking to research a specific acronym, feel free to consult our free comprehensive guide to acronyms, abbreviations, and initials used in hospitals.


Acronym Table of Human Diseases and Disorders
AAAAbdominal aortic aneurysm
AASAarskog–Scott Syndrome
ABCD SyndromeAlbinism, black lock, cell migration disorder
ACCAgenesis of the corpus callosum
ACSAcute coronary Syndrome
ACTH deficiencyAdrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency
ADAlzheimer's Disease
ADAttachment disorder
ADDAttention deficit disorder
ADD-RTAttention deficit disorder – residual type
ADEMAcute disseminated encephalomyelitis
ADHDAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder
AERDAspirin exacerbated respiratory Disease
AFAtrial fibrillation
AGSAicardi–Goutieres Syndrome
AHCAlternating hemiplegia of childhood
AHFAlkhurma hemorrhagic fever
AIDSAcquired immune deficiency Syndrome
AIPAcute intermittent porphyria
ALA DDDoss porphyria/ALA dehydratase deficiency/Plumboporphyria
ALDAlcoholic liver Disease
ALIAcute lung injury
ALLAcute lymphoblastic lymphoma, acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALSAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AMDAge-related macular degeneration
AMLAcute myelogenous leukemia
AODMAdult onset diabetes mellitus
AOSApraxia of speech
APAAldosterone-producing adenoma
APSAntiphospholipid Syndrome
ARBDAlcohol-related birth defects
ARDAdult Refsum Disease
ARDSAcute respiratory distress Syndrome
ARNDAlcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
ASAnkylosing spondylitis
ASAsperger Syndrome
ASCVDAtherosclerotic cardiovascular Disease
ASDAtrial septal defect
ASDsAutism spectrum disorders
ASSAfrican sleeping sickness
AVMsArteriovenous malformations
BABronchial Asthma
BBSBashful bladder Syndrome (see paruresis)
BEBBenign essential blepharospasm
BDBinswanger's Disease
BEHBehaviorally/emotionally handicapped
BHBehaviorally handicapped
BMDBecker's muscular dystrophy
BPADBipolar affective disorder
BPDBorderline personality disorder (often misattributed to bipolar disorder)
BPHBenign prostatic hyperplasia
BSBloom's Syndrome
BSEBovine spongiform encephalopathy
BSSBrown-Séquard Syndrome
BVBacterial vaginosis
CACHChildhood ataxia with central nervous system hypomyelination (see vanishing white matter Disease)
CADCoronary artery Disease
CADASILCerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy
CAPDCentral auditory processing disorder
CCDConsiderable conduct disorder
CCHFCrimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
CCHSCongenital central hypoventilation Syndrome
CCMCerebral cavernous malformation
CDGCongenital disorder of glycosylation
CDGSCarbohydrate deficient glycoprotein Syndrome
CEPCongenital erythropoietic porphyria
CESDCholesteryl ester storage Disease
CFCystic fibrosis
CFIDSChronic fatigue immune dysfunction Syndrome
CFSChronic fatigue Syndrome
CGBDCorticobasal ganglionic degeneration
CHCluster headache
CHARGE SyndromeColoboma of the eye, heart defects, atresia of the nasal choanae, retarded growth & or development, genital abnormalities, ear abnormalities
CHDCongenital heart Disease
CHDCongenital hip dysplasia
CHDCoronary heart Disease
CHFCongestive heart failure
CIDPChronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
CIPACongenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis
CIPCongenital insensitivity to pain
CJDCreutzfeldt–Jakob Disease
CKDChronic Kidney Disease
CMLChronic myelogenous leukemia
CMsChiari malformations
CMT DiseaseCharcot–Marie–Tooth Disease
COFSCerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal Syndrome
COLDChronic obstructive lung Disease
COPDChronic obstructive pulmonary Disease
COVID-19Coronavirus Disease 2019
CPCerebral palsy
CP/CPPSChronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain Syndrome
CPDDCalcium pyrophosphate deposition Disease
CPMCentral pontine myelinolysis
CPPSChronic pelvic pain Syndrome (see UCPPS)
CRECarbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
CRFChronic renal failure
CRKPCarbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae
CRPSComplex regional pain Syndrome
CSACentral sleep apnea
CSDCat scratch Disease
CTEChronic traumatic encephalopathy
CTFColorado tick fever
CVDCardiovascular Disease
CWDChronic wasting Disease
DASDevelopmental apraxia of speech
DBADiamond–Blackfan anemia
DBMDDuchenne–Becker muscular dystrophy
DDDevelopmental disability
DFDengue fever
DHDevelopmentally handicapped
DHFDengue hemorrhagic fever
DHPRDihydropteridine reductase deficiency
DIDiabetes insipidus
DiGDiGeorge Syndrome
DISHDiffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
DJDDegenerative joint Disease
DLBDementia with Lewy bodies
DMDiabetes mellitus
DMDDuchenne muscular dystrophy
DPDoss porphyria/ALA dehydratase deficiency/Plumboporphyria
DPTDiphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DRSP DiseaseDrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae Disease
DSDown Syndrome
DSPSDelayed sleep phase Syndrome
DTsDelirium tremens
DVDDevelopmental verbal dyspraxia
DVTDeep vein thrombosis
EDEmotionally disturbed
EDErectile dysfunction
EDSEhlers–Danlos Syndrome
EDSExcessive daytime sleepiness
EEEEastern equine encephalitis
EHKEpidermolytic hyperkeratosis
EMHEducable mentally handicapped
EMREducable mentally retarded
ENSEpidermal nevus Syndrome
EPMExtrapontine myelinolysis (see central pontine myelinolysis)
EPPErythropoietic protoporphyria
ESRDEnd-stage renal Disease
ESSEmpty sella Syndrome
EVDEbola Virus Disease
FAEFetal alcohol effects
FASFetal alcohol Syndrome
FASDsFetal alcohol spectrum disorders
FFIFatal familial insomnia
FMAFocal muscular atrophies
FMDFibromuscular dysplasia
FMSFibromyalgia Syndrome
FSPFamilial spastic paraparesis
FTDFrontotemporal dementia
FUOFever of unknown origin
FVSFetal valproate Syndrome
FXSFragile X Syndrome
GADGeneralized anxiety disorder
GANGiant axonal neuropathy
GAS DiseaseGroup A Streptococcal Disease
GBSGuillain–Barré Syndrome
GBS DiseaseGroup B Streptococcal Disease
GCEGlycine encephalopathy
GDGestational diabetes
GERDGastroesophageal reflux Disease
GIBGastrointestinal bleeding
GNGlossopharyngeal neuralgia
GSS DiseaseGerstmann–Sträussler–Scheinker Disease
GT/LDGifted and learning disabled
GVHDGraft-versus-host Disease
GWDGuinea worm Disease
H1N1 fluHemagglutinin Type 1 and Neuraminidase Type 1 influenza
HASHolmes–Adie Syndrome
HCPHereditary coproporphyria
HDHuntington's Disease
HDL2Huntington's Disease–like 2
HELLP SyndromeHemolytic anemia, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count Syndrome
HeV InfectionHendra virus infection
HFAHigh-functioning autism
HFMDHand, foot, and mouth Disease
HFRSHemorrhagic fever with renal Syndrome
HIHearing impaired
HiB DiseaseHaemophilus influenzae type B Disease
HIBMHereditary inclusion body myopathy
HMSN Type IIIHereditary motor and sensory polyneuropathy type III (see Dejerine–Sottas Syndrome)
HOHHard of hearing
HPRT deficiencyHypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency
HPSHantavirus pulmonary Syndrome
HPV InfectionHuman papillomavirus infection
HSPHereditary spastic paraplegia
IBDInflammatory bowel Disease
IBIDS SyndromeIchthyosis, brittle hair, intellectual impairment, decreased fertility, and short stature Syndrome
IBMInclusion body myositis
IBSIchthyosis bullosa of Siemens
IBSIrritable bowel Syndrome
IC/PBSInterstitial cystitis/painful bladder Syndrome
ICF SyndromeImmunodeficiency, centromere instability and facial anomalies Syndrome
IDInfectious Disease
IEDIntermittent explosive disorder
IFAP SyndromeIchthyosis follicularis, alopecia, and photophobia Syndrome
IHAIdiopathic hyperaldosteronism
INADInfantile neuroaxonal dystrophy
IPIncontinentia pigmenti
IRDInfantile Refsum Disease
ISInfantile spasm
ITPIdiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
JASJuvenile ankylosing spondylitis
JEJapanese encephalitis
JHDJuvenile Huntington's Disease
JODMJuvenile onset diabetes mellitus
JRAJuvenile rheumatoid arthritis
KFDKyasanur Forest Disease
KSKawasaki Syndrome
KSSKearns–Sayre Syndrome
KTSKlippel–Trenaunay Syndrome
KTW SyndromeKlippel–Trenaunay–Weber Syndrome
LCMLymphocytic choriomeningitis
LDLearning disabilities/differences
LDLegionnaires' Disease
LEMSLambert–Eaton myasthenic Syndrome
LFALow-functioning autism
LGVLymphogranuloma venereum
LKSLandau–Kleffner Syndrome
LNSLesch–Nyhan Syndrome
LPLipoid proteinosis
LPLittle person/people (see dwarfism)
LUHFLujo Hemorrhagic Fever
MACMycobacterium avium complex
MBDMinimal brain dysfunction
MCSMultiple chemical sensitivities
MDMuscular dystrophy
MDSMyoclonic dystonia
MDDMajor depressive disorder
MDR TBMulti-drug-resistant tuberculosis
MEMyalgic Encephalomyelitis
MERSMiddle East respiratory Syndrome
MIMyocardial infarction
MIDMulti-infarct dementia
MJDMachado-Joseph Disease
MLDMetachromatic leukodystrophy
MMAMonomelic amyotrophy
MMRMeasles, mumps, rubella
MMRVMeasles, mumps, rubella, varicella
MNDMotor neuron Disease
MODYMaturity-onset diabetes of the young
MOHMedication overuse headaches
MPDMyeloproliferative disorders
MPS IMucopolysaccharoidosis type I (see Hurler Syndrome)
MPS IIMucopolysaccharoidosis type II (see Hunter Syndrome)
MPS IIIMucopolysaccharoidosis type III (see Sanfilippo Syndrome)
MPS IVMucopolysaccharoidosis type IV (see Morquio Syndrome)
MPS VIMucopolysaccharoidosis type VI (see Maroteaux–Lamy Syndrome)
MPS VIIMucopolysaccharoidosis type VII (see Sly Syndrome)
MR/DDMentally retarded/developmentally disabled
MSMultiple sclerosis
MSAMultiple system atrophy
MSDDMulti-sensory developmental delays
NASNeonatal abstinence Syndrome
NBIANeurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
NCIPNovel coronavirus-infected pneumonia
NCLNeuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
NF1Neurofibromatosis type 1
NF2Neurofibromatosis type 2
NKHNonketotic hyperglycinemia
NLDNonverbal learning disability
NMDsNeuronal migration disorders
NMONeuromyelitis optica
NMSNeuroleptic malignant Syndrome
NPNiemann–Pick Disease
NPC1Niemann–Pick Disease, type C1
NPHNormal pressure hydrocephalus
NTDNeural tube defect
NTDsNeural tube defects
NTDsNeglected tropical Diseases
OCDObsessive-compulsive disorder
ODDOppositional defiant disorder
OHFOmsk hemorrhagic fever
OMAOculomotor apraxia
OPCOropharyngeal candidiasis
OPCAOlivopontocerebellar atrophy
OSAObstructive sleep apnea
PBCPrimary biliary cirrhosis
PBDPeroxisome biogenesis disorders
PCOSPolycystic ovarian Syndrome
PCTPorphyria cutanea tarda
PDParkinson's Disease
PDDPervasive developmental disorder
PDD-NOSPervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified
PDD/NOSPervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified
PEPulmonary embolism
PKANPanthothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration
PLMDPeriodic limb movement disorder
PLSPrimary lateral sclerosis
PMDPelizaeus–Merzbacher Disease
PMLProgressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PMSPremenstrual Syndrome
POTSPostural orthostatic tachycardia Syndrome
PPMAPost-polio progressive muscular atrophy
PPSPost-polio Syndrome
PSCPrimary sclerosing cholangitis
PSPProgressive supranuclear palsy
PVLPeriventricular leukomalacia
PWPort-wine stain
Q feverQuery fever
QPDQuebec platelet disorder
QPSQuebec platelet Syndrome
RARheumatoid arthritis
RADReactive airway Disease
RINDReversible ischemic neurologic deficit
RLFRetrolental fibroplasia
RLSRestless legs Syndrome
RMDsRepetitive motion disorders
ROPRetinopathy of prematurity
RSReye's Syndrome
RSDReflex sympathetic dystrophy
RTIRespiratory tract infection
RVFRift Valley fever
SARSSevere acute respiratory Syndrome
SBSpina bifida
SBMDSensory-based motor disorder
SBSShaken baby Syndrome
SCSydenham chorea
SDSaint Vitus's dance (see Sydenham chorea)
SDDSensory discrimination disorder
SIDSSudden infant death Syndrome
SIRSSystemic inflammatory response Syndrome
SISShaken infant Syndrome
SLESystemic lupus erythematosus
SMSelective Mutism
SMASpinal muscular atrophy
SMDSensory modulation disorder
SMEISevere myoclonic epilepsy of infancy
SMSSmith–Magenis Syndrome
SODSepto-optic dysplasia
SPDSensory processing disorder
SPSStiff person Syndrome
SSPESubacute sclerosing panencephalitis
STEMIST-elevation myocardial infarction
STDSexually transmitted Disease
SUNCTShort-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing
SWSSturge–Weber Syndrome
TACTrigeminal autonomic cephalalgia
TBITraumatic brain injury
TCSTethered cord Syndrome
TEFTracheoesophageal fistula
TIATransient ischemic attack
TMHTrainable mentally handicapped
TMJ/TMDTemporomandibular joint disorder
TMRTrainable mentally retarded
TNTrigeminal neuralgia
TOSThoracic outlet Syndrome
TSTourette Syndrome
TSTuberous sclerosis
TSCTuberous sclerosis
TSEsTransmissible spongiform encephalopathies
TSPTropical spastic paraparesis
TTHTension type headache
TTPThrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
UCPPSUrologic Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS + CP/CPPS)
UTIUrinary tract infection
UCUlcerative colitis
URIUpper respiratory infection
VCFSVelo cardio facial Syndrome
vCJDvariant Creutzfeldt–Jakob Disease
VDVenereal Disease
VHFViral hemorrhagic fever
VHLVon Hippel–Lindau Disease
VPVariegate porphyria
VSDVentricular septal defect
VVCVulvovaginal candidiasis
VWDVon Willebrand Disease
VWM DiseaseVanishing white matter Disease
WAGR SyndromeWilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies, and mental retardation Syndrome
WDWilson's Disease
WEEWestern equine encephalitis
WSWilliams Syndrome
X-ALDX-linked adrenoleukodystrophy
X-CALDX-linked cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy
XDH and AOX dual deficiencyXanthine dehydrogenase and aldehyde oxidase combined deficiency
XDH deficiencyXanthine dehydrogenase deficiency
XDPX-linked dystonia-parkinsonism
XDR TBExtensively drug-resistant tuberculosis
XHEDX-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia
XLSAX-linked sideroblastic anemia
XMENX-linked immunodeficiency with magnesium defect, Epstein-Barr virus infection and neoplasia
XPXeroderma pigmentosa
XSCIDX-linked severe combined immunodeficiency
XXX SyndromeTriple X Syndrome
YFYellow Fever
YNSYellow nail Syndrome
YSSYoung–Simpson Syndrome
YVSYunis–Varon Syndrome
YY SyndromeDouble Y Syndrome
ZAP-70 deficiencyZeta-associated-protein 70 deficiency
ZBLSZadik–Barak–Levin Syndrome
ZESZollinger-Ellison Syndrome
ZLSZimmermann-Laband Syndrome
ZSZellweger Syndrome
ZTTK SyndromeZhu-Tokita-Takenouchi-Kim Syndrome

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