Cancer is defined as a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The majority of cancers are due to environmental risk factors, and many - but not all - of these environmental factors are controllable lifestyle choices.
Many cancers today can be prevented by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, not drinking too much alcohol, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains, vaccination against certain infectious diseases, not eating too much processed and red meat and avoiding too much sunlight exposure.
Today's cancer research ranges from epidemiology, molecular bioscience to clinical trials to evaluate and compare applications of the various cancer treatments including; surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy and combined treatment modalities such as chemo-radiotherapy.
|Awareness Ribbon Colors for Common Cancers|
|Ribbon Color(s)||Cancer Type|
|Black||Skin Cancer (or orange with a sun) - Melanoma|
|Blue||Colon Cancer - Colorectal Cancer - Rectal Cancer (Blue or Brown)
|Emerald||Liver Cancer (Emerald or Jade Green)|
|Gray||Brain Cancer - Glioblastoma|
|Green||Bile Duct Cancer - Bone Marrow Transplant - Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell Carcinoma) (Green or Orange)|
|Light Blue||Prostate Cancer - Lymphedema|
|Light Purple||Testicular Cancer|
|Lime Green||Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma|
|Orange||Leukemia - Kidney Cancer - Skin Cancer - (Orange with a sun, or black)|
|Peach||Uterine - Endometrial Cancer|
|Periwinkle||Gastric Cancer - Small Intestine Cancer - Stomach Cancer - Esophageal Cancer|
|Pink||Breast Cancer - Hot Pink for Inflammatory Breast Cancer - Teal and Pink for Hereditary Breast Cancer and for Breast and Gynecologic Cancers Together - Male Breast Cancer: Light Baby Pink and Baby Blue.|
|Purple||Pancreatic Cancer - Cancer Survivor - Leiomyosarcoma - Testicular Cancer (Purple Orchid or Violet)|
|Teal||Ovarian Cancer - Gynecological Cancer|
|White,Pearl||Lung Cancer - Mesothelioma (Pearl) - Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia (Pearl) - Retinoblastoma|
|Yellow||Bone Cancer - Cholangiocarcinoma - Chondrosarcoma - Ewing's Sarcoma - Gallbladder Cancer - Osteosarcoma - Sarcoma|
|White,Burgundy||Head and Neck Cancers - Laryngeal Cancer - Oral Cancer (Burgundy and White or Red and White) - Pharyngeal Cancer - Throat Cancer|
|Zebra||Carcinoid Cancer - Neuroendocrine Cancers - Rare Diseases (Including Rare Cancers)|
|Red,White,Red||Leukemia and Lymphoma Together - Skin Cancer (Squamous Cell Carcinoma)
|Blue,Silver||Living (Coping) with Cancer|
|Blue,Pink-Purple,Teal||Thyroid Cancer - Blue/Pink-Purple/Teal (tricolored)|
NOTE: This is not a full list of all ribbon colors for all cancer types, it will be updated as other colors for cancers are verified.