What is Meniere's Disease? Meniere's disease is an abnormality of the inner ear causing a host of symptoms, including vertigo or severe dizziness, tinnitus or a roaring sound in the ears, fluctuating hearing loss, and the sensation of pressure or pain in the affected ear.
The disorder usually affects only one ear and is a common cause of hearing loss. Named after French physician Prosper Meniere who first described the syndrome in 1861.
The symptoms of Meniere's are variable; not all sufferers experience the same symptoms. So called "classic Meniere's" is considered to comprise the following four symptoms:
There is no cure for Meniere's disease. However, the symptoms of the disease are often controlled successfully by reducing the body's retention of fluids through dietary changes (such as a low-salt or salt-free diet and no caffeine or alcohol) or medication.
Scientists are investigating environmental and biological factors that may cause Meniere's disease or induce an attack.
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