The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established on July 2, 1965; its mandate is specified under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, and the ADA Amendments Act of 2008.
In 2008, disability-based charges handled by the EEOC rose to a record 19,543, up 10.2 percent from the prior year and the highest level since 1995.
The EEOC is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person's race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, gender identity, and sexual orientation), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.
It is also illegal to discriminate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.
The EEOC has the authority to investigate charges of discrimination against employers who are covered by the law.
Their role in an investigation is to fairly and accurately assess the allegations in the charge and then make a finding. If they find that discrimination has occurred, they will try to settle the charge. If they are not successful, they have the authority to file a lawsuit to protect the rights of individuals and the interests of the public.
The EEOC also works to prevent discrimination before it occurs through outreach, education and technical assistance programs.
The EEOC requires employers to report various information about their employees, in particular their racial/ethnic categories, to prevent discrimination based on race/ethnicity.
Retaliation against a person who files a charge of discrimination, participates in an investigation, or opposes an unlawful employment practice is prohibited by U.S. Federal laws.
Information on how to file an EEOC charge regarding employment discrimination can be found at the Filing a Formal Complaint section of the U.S. EEOC website.
|Latest EEOC Disability Discrimination Publications|
|1 - EEOC Sues Evergreen Kia For Sexual Orientation and Disability Discrimination - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.|
|2 - Allsup's Settles Pregnancy and Disability Discrimination Lawsuit - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.|
|3 - UPS to Pay $2M to Resolve Nationwide EEOC Disability Discrimination Claims - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).|
|4 - Diallo's Nightclub Sued: Fired Employee for Not Providing HIV Test Result - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).|
|5 - EEOC Issues Regulations on US Government Obligation to Engage in Affirmative Action for People with Disabilities - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.|
|6 - EEOC Sues Work Services, Inc. for Disability Discrimination - EEOC.|
|7 - Mobile Destination Sued For Disability Discrimination - EEOC.|
|8 - McDonald's Sued for Disability Discrimination by EEOC - U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).|
|Click Here for Full List - (12 Items)|
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