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Disability Education: Scholarships & Special Needs

  • Synopsis: Education for persons with disabilities including scholarships and learning difficulties dyslexia dyscalculia and dysgraphia.

Definition: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law that requires schools to serve the educational needs of eligible students with disabilities. Originally titled Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (EAHCA), it was based on Congress' finding that the millions of children with disabilities had educational needs which were not being met. Schools must evaluate students suspected of having disabilities, including learning disabilities. IDEA's primary purpose is to assure that students with disabilities receive sufficient services to enable them to lead productive adult lives.

*Not every child with learning and attention issues qualifies for special education services under IDEA.

Main Document

This category of Disabled World covers education for persons with disabilities including disability scholarships and specific learning difficulties such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.

UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities - Right to education:

The Convention states that persons with disabilities should be guaranteed the right to inclusive education at all levels, regardless of age, without discrimination and on the basis of equal opportunity.

State Parties should ensure that:

State Parties should take appropriate measures, such as:

Education For All is based on the fundamental principle that all persons should have the opportunity to learn:

Inclusive education is the education framework for including children with disabilities and was originally based on a principle stating that all should have the opportunity to learn together.

Education For All does not limit its focus to primary education, but includes secondary and tertiary education as well. Children and adults with disabilities do not only have the right to an education, they have the right to be part of today's mainstream education system.

Quick Facts Regarding Disability and Education:

Typical learning difficulties include dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia, often complicated by associated disorders such as attention deficit and/or hyperactivity disorder.

Quick Facts: IDEA Part B

In the fall of 2012, there were 67,529,839 students ages 6 to 21 in the United States. Of these students ages 6 to 21, 5,693,441 or 8.4 percent received special education services under IDEA, Part B. Hawaii had the smallest percentage (6.3 percent), while New Jersey had the largest percentage (11.6 percent).

Of the 6,429,431 youth ages 3 to 21 who received special education services under IDEA, Part B, in the fall of 2012, 735,890 (or 11.4 percent) were 3 to 5 years old; 2,631,472 (or 40.9 percent) were 6 to 11 years old; 2,700,531 (or 42.0 percent) were 12 to 17 years old; and 361,538 (or 5.6 percent) were 18 to 21 years old.

The 5,693,441 students ages 6 to 21 who received special education services under IDEA, Part B, in the fall of 2012 were in the following diagnostic categories: 2,268,098 (or 39.8 percent) in specific learning disability, 1,032,729 (or 18.1 percent) in speech or language impairment, 415,697 (or 7.3 percent) in intellectual disabilities, 359,389 (or 6.3 percent) in emotional disturbance, 124,722 (or 2.2 percent) in multiple disabilities, 68,069 (or 1.2 percent) in hearing impairments, 52,052 (or 0.9 percent) in orthopedic impairments, 757,904(or 13.3 percent) in other health impairments, 24,987 (or 0.4 percent) in visual impairments, 440,592 (or 7.7 percent) in autism, 1,281 (or 0.02 percent) in deaf-blindness, 25,020 (or 0.4 percent) in traumatic brain injury, and 122,901 (or 2.1 percent) in developmental delay.

Statistics: U.S. Disability Schooling

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2013). Digest of Education Statistics, 2012 (NCES 2014-015), Chapter 2.

Latest Disability Education Publications

  1. IDEA Website for Federal Law Protecting Students with Disabilities Taken Down
    U.S. Senators seeking detailed explanation from Secretary DeVos for disappearance of resource website for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
  2. Guidance on Civil Rights of Students with Disabilities - U.S. Department of Education
    Guidance documents designed to support states, local education agencies, and charter school personnel to understand their responsibilities under IDEA and Section 504.
  3. The Continuing Need To #RethinkDiscipline - White House Report
    Rethink Discipline initiative aims to support all students and promote a welcome and safe climate in schools.
  4. Australian Students Being Asked to Pay More for Nothing
    The loan fee increases cost of education for students, size of student debt, and adds to overall HELP debt.
  5. Calling for End to Corporal Punishment in Schools
    U.S. Education Secretary sends letter urging state leaders to end use of corporal punishment in schools, a practice repeatedly linked to harmful short-term and long-term outcomes for students.

Full List of Disability Education Documents (122 Items)


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