Anthropology and Disability: Studies and Information Document List

Summary: Our library below features 88 published articles, research papers, and documents from the Disabled World Anthropology and Disability category. Although some of these documents may have since been updated, re-written, replaced, or revised, they are sorted by their original publish date. The most recent publications are listed at the top of the table with older articles being listed in descending order by the date they were created.

Anthropology and Disability Publications

Exploring Extremes: Unveiling the Secret Life of Microbes Thriving a Mile Underground
A metagenomic view of novel microbial and metabolic diversity found within the deep terrestrial biosphere at DeMMO: A microbial observatory in South Dakota, USA (Experimental Study).
Publish Date: 2023/11/28

Pollen Analysis May Explain When and How the Flow of Homo Sapiens Into Eurasia Happened
A new study compares Pleistocene vegetation communities around Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia, to the oldest archeological traces of Homo sapiens in the region (Anthropology News).
Publish Date: 2023/09/23

New Research Sheds Light on Animal Evolution
Researchers develop a new method to determine if animals really were absent during certain geological eras, or if they were present but too fragile to be preserved (Ecology and Evolution).
Publish Date: 2023/06/29

We Are all Asgardians: New Clues to the Origin of Complex Life
The Asgard archaea evolved over 2 billion years ago, and their descendants are still living today (Anthropology News).
Publish Date: 2023/06/22 - Updated: 2023/06/27

Amino Acid Essential for Life Found in Interstellar Space
Amino acids may be enriching the gas in the protoplanetary discs and atmospheres of young, newly formed exoplanets and perhaps accelerating the emergence of life there (Scientific Discovery).
Publish Date: 2023/06/20 - Updated: 2023/06/27

The Evolutionary Origin of Cognitive Flexibility
Cognitive functions following comparable rules in different species are important for survival, such as the flexibility to adapt quickly to suddenly changing conditions (Study).
Publish Date: 2023/06/16 - Updated: 2023/06/27

Dupuytren's Disease (Viking Disease) Hand Disorder May Come From Neandertal Genes
Given the prevalence of Dupuytren's disease among Europeans, researchers investigated its genetic origins. They found 61 genome-wide significant variants associated with Dupuytren's disease. Further analysis showed that three of these variants are of Neandertal origin (Anthropology News).
Publish Date: 2023/06/14 - Updated: 2023/06/27

How Evolution Impacts the Environment
A new study by researchers reveals some of the best evidence yet for a feedback loop phenomenon in which species evolution drives ecological change.
Publish Date: 2023/06/05

Humans Evolved Flexible Feet Arches to Walk Upright
Study reveals evolution of our feet, including the raised medial arch which sets us apart from great apes, is crucial to bipedal walking.
Publish Date: 2023/05/30

Where Do Our Limbs Come From?
By observing mechanisms of embryonic development and comparing anatomy of existing species, researchers can develop theories on how embryonic structures may have evolved or been modified over time.
Publish Date: 2023/05/24

Research by Texas A&M Redefines Mammalian Tree of Life
New research uses the genomes of 241 species and can be used to support both animal and human health outcomes (Anthropology News).
Publish Date: 2023/04/29 - Updated: 2023/09/21

Brain Evolution Study Suggests Catalyst for How the Human Brain Evolved
New finding came out of a study analyzing how stretches of DNA called human accelerated regions (HARs) differ between humans and chimpanzees.
Publish Date: 2023/04/27

Ancient DNA Reveals Multiethnic Structure of Mongolia's First Nomadic Empire
The world's first nomadic empire, the Xiongnu, is being exposed thanks to painstaking archaeological excavations and new ancient DNA evidence.
Publish Date: 2023/04/14

Shedding Light On Life's Evolution 800 Million Years Ago
Revealing an increase in biologically available nitrogen when marine eukaryotes became dominant.
Publish Date: 2023/03/22

Nickelback Peptide May Have Sparked Life on Earth
Rutgers scientists identify a substance that may have sparked life on earth and could also provide clues to extraterrestrial life.
Publish Date: 2023/03/12

Origins Federation: Major Quest to Find Origins of Life in the Universe
Biosignatures may reveal whether the origin of life and its evolution on Earth is by chance or the universal nature of the universe (Announcement / Notification).
Publish Date: 2023/03/05 - Updated: 2023/09/14

Emergence of Life Intertwined with Chemical and Physical Early Earth
New research reveals clues about the physical and chemical characteristics of Earth when life is thought to have emerged.
Publish Date: 2023/02/11 - Updated: 2023/02/13

Humans Still Understand Chimpanzee and Bonobo Gestures
The discovery of gestures used by great apes provides evidence of intentional communication outside human language; over 80 such signals have now been identified.
Publish Date: 2023/01/24 - Updated: 2023/01/25

Unique Human DNA Evolution Was a Balancing Act
Changes to the genomes of early humans had opposing effects from each other, possibly because of a delicate balance between improved cognition and psychiatric disease risk.
Publish Date: 2023/01/14

Dinosaur and Bird Fossils Reveal Diversity of Prehistoric Patagonia
A study provides a glimpse into dinosaur and bird diversity in Patagonia during the Late Cretaceous, just before the non-avian dinosaurs went extinct.
Publish Date: 2023/01/12

Evolution Disabled Human Body Hair Genes
Research reveals that humans have the genes needed for a full coat of body hair, but evolution has disabled them.
Publish Date: 2023/01/06 - Updated: 2023/01/17

Convergent Evolution: The Evolving Evolution of Evolution
Researchers have developed a novel metric of molecular evolution that can accurately represent the rate of convergent evolution in protein-coding DNA sequences.
Publish Date: 2023/01/06 - Updated: 2023/01/14

Oldest Known Projectile Points in Americas Discovered in Idaho
Archaeologists uncover stone weapon projectile points in Idaho thousands of years older than any previously found in the Americas.
Publish Date: 2022/12/24 - Updated: 2023/01/17

Evolution of Life: Drying Process May Have Been Key Step
After a series of experiments, researchers can explain how one of the potentially crucial early steps on the path of life could have happened.
Publish Date: 2022/12/23

Emergence of New Genes Cause Humans to Continually Evolve
Modern humans evolutionarily split from our chimpanzee ancestors nearly 7 million years ago, yet we are continuing to evolve.
Publish Date: 2022/12/22 - Updated: 2023/01/03

Orangutans and Humans Share Similar Speech Origins
Research finds orangutans communicate using a complex repertoire of consonant-like calls, more so than African apes, which provides clues about how consonants became a part of the human language.
Publish Date: 2022/12/21

Octopuses, Evolution and Genetic Dark Matter
Octopuses may link the evolution of complex life to genetic dark matter as findings suggest a role of microRNAs in advanced brain development, including human.
Publish Date: 2022/12/20 - Updated: 2023/01/03

Octopus and Human Brain Similarities
Cephalopods like octopuses, squids, and cuttlefish are brilliant animals with complex nervous systems; their evolution is linked to a dramatic expansion of their microRNA repertoire.
Publish Date: 2022/11/25 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Brain Evolution from 525 Million Year Old Fossil
Fossils of a tiny sea creature with a delicately preserved nervous system solve a century-old debate over how the brain evolved in arthropods.
Publish Date: 2022/11/25 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Our Ancient Relatives Were Not So Simple
A new study reveals that our ancient ancestors were a lot more complex than we originally thought.
Publish Date: 2022/11/12 - Updated: 2023/04/29

Human, Ape and Monkey Brain Differences
Study reveals the differences between brains of primates such as humans, apes and monkeys are small but significant.
Publish Date: 2022/11/08

500 Million Year Old Fossils Answer Evolution Question
Well preserved collection of soft tissue fossils has enabled scientists to solve a riddle in the evolution of life on earth by revealing what the first animals to make skeletons looked like.
Publish Date: 2022/11/02 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Octopus Visual System Gives Clue to Brain Evolution
In a new paper, researchers lay out a detailed map of the octopus visual system, classifying different types of neurons in a part of the brain devoted to vision.
Publish Date: 2022/10/31 - Updated: 2023/01/04

10,000-year-old Child Burial Shows Use of Baby Carrier and Heirlooms
Child burial at the Arma Veirana site in Liguria, Italy provides evidence of the use of baby carriers 10,000 years ago.
Publish Date: 2022/10/21 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Neanderthal Family Structure Revealed
Ancient genomes of thirteen Neandertals provide a rare snapshot of their lifestyle, community, and social organization.
Publish Date: 2022/10/19 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Neandertal DNA May Provide Answers to Brain Disorder Genetic Risks
The study analyzed Neandertal DNA associations with a large variety of more than a hundred brain disorders and traits such as sleep, smoking, or alcohol use.
Publish Date: 2022/10/06 - Updated: 2023/01/04

European Impact on Tonga and Pacific islands
Australian National University study reveals Pacific island nations suffered severe depopulation from introduced diseases due to contact with European vessels.
Publish Date: 2022/10/01 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Marine Phosphate Availability and Chemical Origins of Life on Earth
Seawater could have provided the phosphorous required for emerging life. The role of phosphate in directing the synthesis of molecules needed by life on Earth.
Publish Date: 2022/09/27 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Salamander Brain Regeneration Unlocks Mysteries of Evolution and Regeneration
Examining genes and cell types that allow axolotls to regenerate their brains may be key to improving treatment for severe injuries and unlocking regeneration potential in humans.
Publish Date: 2022/09/26 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Mutations and Evolution: Tracking a Network of 100,000 Mutants
Researchers experimentally show a concept about mutations and evolution previously only theoretically predicted. Called a neutral network, it is thought to be vital for increasing genetic diversity in a population.
Publish Date: 2022/09/20 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Why Humans Walk Upright
Study shows that many of the features essential for human walking and birth form around the 6 to 8-week mark during pregnancy. This includes key pelvic features unique to humans.
Publish Date: 2022/09/12 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Ancient DNA Provides Detailed Genomic History of the Cradle of Civilization
The analysis, which examined newly sequenced ancient DNA from more than 700 individuals across the region, reveals a complex population history from the earliest farming cultures to post-Medieval times.
Publish Date: 2022/08/25 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Sahelanthropus Tchadensis and Bipedalism Study
This study reinforces the idea of bipedalism being acquired very early in our history, at a time still associated with the ability to move on four limbs in trees.
Publish Date: 2022/08/24 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Skull Study on Human and Neandertal Interbreeding
Research has established traces of Neandertal DNA in the genome of modern humans. Now an exploratory study is offering new insights and supports the hypothesis that much of this interbreeding took place in the Near East.
Publish Date: 2022/08/23 - Updated: 2023/01/04

The Evolution of Human Neurons
A new study into the neurons found in the earliest-diverging animal lineages reveals vital clues about the form of the most ancestral nervous system and how it first evolved.
Publish Date: 2022/08/08 - Updated: 2023/01/04

The Human Brain Did Not Shrink 3,000 Years Ago
Did the transition to complex societies in the Holocene drive a reduction in brain size? A reassessment of the DeSilva et al. (2021) hypothesis.
Publish Date: 2022/08/06 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Kenyan Baboons Borrowed Genes from Their Cousins
50 years of monitoring suggested that baboon hybrids manage just fine, but new DNA evidence reveals that some of their borrowed genes came at a cost.
Publish Date: 2022/08/05 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Disease and Famine Drove Evolution of Lactose Tolerance
New research shows that famine and exposure to infectious diseases best explain the evolution of our ability to consume milk and other non-fermented dairy products.
Publish Date: 2022/07/31 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Prehistoric Roots of Herpes Traced Through Ancient DNA
An international team of scientists uncovered and sequenced ancient genomes from the herpes virus that commonly causes lip sores.
Publish Date: 2022/07/27 - Updated: 2023/01/04

The Importance of Elders for Societal Longevity
Researchers assert that the long human lifespan is due in part to the contributions of older adults in cultural societies.
Publish Date: 2022/07/17 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Study in Child Language Deficits Reveals Importance of Voluntary Imagination in Language Evolution
A study of language development in children with language deficits highlights the importance of the voluntary imagination component of language.
Publish Date: 2022/07/14 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Meraxes Gigas Dinosaur Provides Insight Into Why Many Prehistoric Meat-Eaters Had Tiny Arms
The Discovery of a new meat-eating dinosaur dubbed Meraxes Gigas provides insight into the evolution and anatomy of giant carnivorous dinosaurs.
Publish Date: 2022/07/11 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Yunnanozoans Are Oldest Known Stem Vertebrates
Researchers studying yunnanozoans, extinct creatures from the early Cambrian period and discovered evidence that they are the oldest known stem vertebrates.
Publish Date: 2022/07/10 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Building Blocks for RNA Based Life Abundant in Our Galaxy
Essential precursors for life on Earth were found to be abundant in interstellar Molecular Clouds and may have reached Earth inside meteors and comets.
Publish Date: 2022/07/08 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Cradle of Humankind Fossils Over a Million Years Older than Previously Thought
A new dating method reveals the age of some fossils found at the site of Sterkfontein Caves are a million years older than previously thought.
Publish Date: 2022/06/29 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Human and Octopus Brains Share Same Jumping Genes
New research identifies important molecular analogy that could explain the remarkable intelligence of the octopus.
Publish Date: 2022/06/27 - Updated: 2023/01/04

Will Dragon Man Fossil Replace Neanderthals as Humans Closest Relative
Near perfectly preserved ancient human fossil known as the Harbin cranium, the largest of known Homo skulls, represents a newly discovered human species named Homo longi or Dragon Man.
Publish Date: 2021/07/05 - Updated: 2022/08/23

Protein That May Have Existed When Life Began Identified
Researchers discover first and maybe only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts essential for cells to function and the building blocks of life, may have existed when life began.
Publish Date: 2018/09/06 - Updated: 2018/09/10

Evolution: Why the Young are Often More Susceptible to Infection
Research suggests many species may have evolved to prioritize growth over immunity while maturing which explains why the young are often more susceptible than adults to infection.
Publish Date: 2018/07/01 - Updated: 2019/05/16

How Our Ancestors with Autistic Traits Led a Revolution in Ice Age Art
Research reveals the ability to focus on detail, a common trait among people with autism, allowed realism to flourish in Ice Age art.
Publish Date: 2018/05/14

Fish Provide Insight Into the Evolution of the Immune System
Study shows how species can adapt and change their immune system to cope with new parasitic threats - whilst at the same time showing little or no evolutionary change in critical immune function over millions of years.
Publish Date: 2017/11/06

How Neanderthals Influenced Human Genetics at Asia and Europe Crossroads
The study explores the legacy of interspecies affairs, with a focus on Western Asia, where the first relations may have occurred.
Publish Date: 2017/11/04 - Updated: 2022/08/23

Sungir Homo Sapiens Visualized in 3D Virtual Reality
Reconstructed faces of 30,000-year old Sungir Homo sapiens visualized for the first time in 3-D virtual reality.
Publish Date: 2017/10/08

The Hominin Species That Gave Us Genital Herpes
Paranthropus boisei was the species in the right place and time to contract HSV2 from ancestral chimpanzees and transmit it to our earliest ancestors, probably Homo erectus.
Publish Date: 2017/10/02 - Updated: 2018/10/11

Modern Humans Emerged Over 350,000 Years Ago
Results from study of ancient DNA show that 2000-year-old remains of boy found at Ballito Bay in KwaZulu-Natal during the 1960s helped to rewrite human history.
Publish Date: 2017/09/28

Ötzi, the 5,000 Year Old Iceman
Ötzi, known as the Iceman, represents the preserved remains of an individual who inhabited the years between 3350 and 3105 BC. The mummified figure was unearthed in 1991 within the Ötztal Alps (Anthropology News).
Publish Date: 2017/08/23 - Updated: 2023/08/17

Clues to Ghost Species of Ancient Human Discovered
Scientists discover hints that ghost species of archaic humans may have contributed genetic material to ancestors of people living in Sub-Saharan Africa today.
Publish Date: 2017/07/21 - Updated: 2022/08/23

Why a Teen with Bone Cancer Was Buried on Witch Hill in 1300 AD
Report identifies bone tumor in upper right arm of adolescent buried around 1300 AD at a site in western Panama called Cerro Brujo or Witch Hill (Anthropology News).
Publish Date: 2017/06/02 - Updated: 2023/09/21

Where Do Humans Come From? Homo Naledi's Young Age Creates More Questions
Rising Star Cave system, the richest fossil hominin site in Africa, contains new hominin species named Homo naledi.
Publish Date: 2017/05/12 - Updated: 2021/03/17

Human Ways of Thinking Evolved 1.8M Years Ago
Evidence that human-like ways of thinking may have emerged as early as 1.8 million years ago place the appearance of human-like cognition at the emergence of Homo erectus.
Publish Date: 2017/05/10

Autism and Human Evolutionary Emergence of Collaborative Morality
It is likely our ancestors would have had autism, with genetics suggesting the condition has a long evolutionary history.
Publish Date: 2016/11/15 - Updated: 2020/04/18

Creation, Evolution, and the Handicapped: Crushing the Death Image
Pastor Richard Luther Corwin attempts to expose New Gnosticism of evolutionary priesthood, announces release of debut book, Creation, Evolution, and the Handicapped.
Publish Date: 2016/06/23 - Updated: 2021/06/13

Course of Human Evolution Could Change With Gene Editing Technology
New gene-editing technology could eliminate some inherited diseases but also change the course of human evolution (Observational Study).
Publish Date: 2016/04/07 - Updated: 2023/06/28

How Our Ancestors Turned Disability into Advantage
New evolutionary theory explains how small populations of early humans survived, despite increased chance of hereditary disabilities being passed to offspring.
Publish Date: 2015/08/05 - Updated: 2021/07/30

What is the Paleolithic or Caveman Diet
The Paleolithic diet, or caveman diet, is a weight-loss craze where people emulate the diet of plants and animals eaten by early humans during the Stone Age.
Publish Date: 2014/12/16 - Updated: 2017/05/10

Evolutionary Roots of the Ebola Virus
Study finds filoviruses likely existed in the Miocene Epoch, and at that time, the evolutionary lines leading to Ebola and Marburg had already diverged.
Publish Date: 2014/10/24 - Updated: 2020/12/08

The Inheritance of Fears and Phobias: Exploring the Genetic Factors
Fears a parent may experience can be passed down to their children and results of experiments suggest fallout from traumatic experiences may extend through generations (Informative).
Publish Date: 2014/08/11 - Updated: 2023/12/01

Why Male Noses Are Larger than Female Noses
A new study explains why the human male nose is about 10% larger than the female nose.
Publish Date: 2013/11/19 - Updated: 2021/10/03

Charles Dickens Literature Showcased Discrimination Against Disabled
Charles Dickens characters and plots often dealt with difficult social realities and portrayal of disabled and social discrimination they faced is no exception.
Publish Date: 2013/01/16 - Updated: 2022/02/24

Humans Losing Intellectual and Emotional Abilities
Humans are losing intellectual and emotional abilities due to human intelligence and behavior requiring optimal functioning of a large number of genes, which requires enormous evolutionary pressures to maintain.
Publish Date: 2012/11/12 - Updated: 2022/03/16

Genetic Engineering: Crafting Our Own Evolution
Maxwell J. Mehlman book examines direct human evolution and genetic engineering where parents could prevent passing on inherent diseases to their children.
Publish Date: 2012/10/27 - Updated: 2021/07/07

Research Confirms Humans Are Part Neanderthal
Researchers find part of the non-African human X chromosome came from Neanderthals, confirming they interbred with early human populations.
Publish Date: 2012/02/28 - Updated: 2022/08/23

Did Elizabeth Barrett Browning Have Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis
Did Elizabeth Barrett Browning have hypokalemic periodic paralysis HKPP a muscle disorder that causes blood levels of potassium to fall.
Publish Date: 2011/12/20 - Updated: 2018/05/05

Changes in Traditional American Families
American families such as the nuclear family, dysfunctional family, healthy family, non-traditional family, and families with disabilities, have been changing over time and like individuals every family is unique.
Publish Date: 2011/09/15 - Updated: 2021/12/29

Asthma Study by Medical Anthropologist
Asthma global implications and understanding a widespread, chronic condition as seen through the eyes of a medical anthropologist.
Publish Date: 2011/02/20 - Updated: 2022/05/28

You are What Your Father Ate
Evidence that environmental influences experienced by a father can be passed down to the next generation.
Publish Date: 2010/12/25 - Updated: 2017/05/10

Alternative Evolution: Why Change Your Own Genes When You Can Borrow Someone Else's
Principle of evolution that plants and animals can adapt genetically in ways that help them better survive and reproduce.
Publish Date: 2010/07/10 - Updated: 2017/05/10

Ardipithecus Ramidus - Ardi - Oldest Skeleton of Human Ancestors
Discovery of Ardi a relatively complete Ardipithecus ramidus fossil skeleton sheds light on human evolution.
Publish Date: 2009/10/12 - Updated: 2017/05/10

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