Synopsis: List of common learning disabilities including an explanation of each, and signs or symptoms a child with an LD may display.
Learning disabilities are broadly defined as neurologically-based processing problems that can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math.
A learning disability is not an intellectual disability, a learning disability is a disability that affects a person's ability to process information. People with learning disabilities possess an average to above average IQ - (ldapei.ca/types-of-learning-disabilities.html). It's important to note that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are not the same as learning disabilities - (webmd.com/children/guide/detecting-learning-disabilities).
Because of the wide variations it's not always easy to identify learning disabilities, as there is often no single symptom or profile that you can look to as proof of a problem. However, some warning signs are more common than others at different ages. Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities can include:
NOTE: These signs alone are not enough to determine that a person has a learning disability. Only a professional can diagnose a learning disability.
Approximately 5 to 17% of the US population have dyslexia. The main signs or symptoms of dyslexia are:
Children with Dyscalculia often have problems learning mathematical concepts, and memorizing mathematical facts and/or understanding structure of mathematical problems on the page such as:
Difficulties in handwriting that can cause loss of academic achievement through inability to construct compositions or extended written texts and can include:
Dyspraxia is a nonverbal learning disability, for example:
Signs of a language based disability may include:
Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) - Facts and Information
Auditory processing disorder (APD), also known as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), is a hearing problem that affects about 5% of school-aged children. Auditory processing disorders may cause a person to struggle with distinguishing similar sounds, as well as other difficulties.
Children with auditory processing disorder are thought to hear normally because they can usually hear sounds that are delivered one at a time in a very quiet environment. However, they may not distinguish slight differences between sounds in words, even when the sounds are loud and clear enough to be heard. Symptoms of APD can include:
These are disorders that can result in missing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, losing place frequently, struggles with cutting, holding pencil too tightly, or poor eye/hand coordination. Visual Processing Disorders can cause people to struggle with seeing differences between similar letters, number, objects, colors, shapes and patterns.
It is important to note that many children may have trouble reading, writing, or performing learning-related tasks however, this does not mean they may have learning disabilities.
Types of Learning Disabilities
Auditory Processing Disorder
What are some signs of learning disabilities?
Learning Disabilities and Disorders: Types of Learning Disorders and Their Signs:
The Five Most Common Learning Disabilities Seen in Schools Today: