Screen Readers Skip to Content
Print Page

The Most Common Learning Disabilities Today

Outline: List of common learning disabilities including an explanation of each, and signs or symptoms a child with an LD may display.

Main Digest

Learning disabilities are broadly defined as neurologically-based processing problems that can interfere with learning basic skills such as reading, writing and/or math.

A learning disability is not an intellectual disability, a learning disability is a disability that affects a person's ability to process information. People with learning disabilities possess an average to above average IQ - (ldapei.ca/types-of-learning-disabilities.html). It's important to note that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are not the same as learning disabilities - (webmd.com/children/guide/detecting-learning-disabilities).

Because of the wide variations it's not always easy to identify learning disabilities, as there is often no single symptom or profile that you can look to as proof of a problem. However, some warning signs are more common than others at different ages. Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities can include:

NOTE: These signs alone are not enough to determine that a person has a learning disability. Only a professional can diagnose a learning disability.

Dyslexia - Reading Disability

Approximately 5 to 17% of the US population have dyslexia. The main signs or symptoms of dyslexia are:

Dyscalculia: Disability in Math

Children with Dyscalculia often have problems learning mathematical concepts, and memorizing mathematical facts and/or understanding structure of mathematical problems on the page such as:

Dysgraphia: Writing Disability

Difficulties in handwriting that can cause loss of academic achievement through inability to construct compositions or extended written texts and can include:

Dyspraxia: Motor Skills Disability

Dyspraxia is a nonverbal learning disability, for example:

Dysphasia (Aphasia): Language Learning Disability

Signs of a language based disability may include:

Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) - Facts and Information

Auditory Processing Disorders

Auditory processing disorder (APD), also known as central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), is a hearing problem that affects about 5% of school-aged children. Auditory processing disorders may cause a person to struggle with distinguishing similar sounds, as well as other difficulties.

Children with auditory processing disorder are thought to hear normally because they can usually hear sounds that are delivered one at a time in a very quiet environment. However, they may not distinguish slight differences between sounds in words, even when the sounds are loud and clear enough to be heard. Symptoms of APD can include:

Visual Processing Disorders

These are disorders that can result in missing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, losing place frequently, struggles with cutting, holding pencil too tightly, or poor eye/hand coordination. Visual Processing Disorders can cause people to struggle with seeing differences between similar letters, number, objects, colors, shapes and patterns.

It is important to note that many children may have trouble reading, writing, or performing learning-related tasks however, this does not mean they may have learning disabilities.

References:

Types of Learning Disabilities
https://ldaamerica.org/types-of-learning-disabilities/

Auditory Processing Disorder
https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/central-auditory.html

What are some signs of learning disabilities?
https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/learning/conditioninfo/signs

Learning Disabilities and Disorders: Types of Learning Disorders and Their Signs:
https://www.helpguide.org/articles/autism-learning-disabilities/learning-disabilities-and-disorders.htm/

The Five Most Common Learning Disabilities Seen in Schools Today:
https://mastersed.uc.edu/news-resources/the-five-most-common-learning-disabilities-seen-in-schools-today/

Similar Documents


Important Disclaimer:
Information provided on disabled-world.com is for general informational purpose only, it is not offered as and does not constitute medical advice. In no way are any of the materials presented meant to be a substitute for professional medical care or attention by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Any 3rd party offering or advertising on disabled-world.com does not constitute endorsement by Disabled World. Please report outdated or inaccurate information to us.