Disability Statistics: Information, Charts, Graphs and Tables

Disability Statistics

Author: Disabled World
Updated/Revised Date: 2024/06/01
Contents: Summary - Introduction - Main - Subtopics - Publications

Synopsis: World health and disability statistics including data and facts on age, area, types, and population numbers of people with disabilities. In OECD countries, students with disabilities in higher education remain under-represented, although their numbers are on the increase. Currently, around 10% of the world's population, or roughly 650 million people, live with a disability.

Introduction

Having a disability places you in the world's largest minority group. Currently, around 10% of the world's population, or roughly 650 million people, live with a disability. In most of the OECD countries, females have higher rates of disability than males.

Main Document

Eighty percent of persons with disabilities live in developing countries, according to the UN Development Program (UNDP). The World Bank estimates that 20 percent of the world's poorest people have some kind of disability, and tend to be regarded in their communities as the most disadvantaged. Statistics show a steady increase in these numbers. The reasons include:

In countries with life expectancies over 70 years of age, people spend on average about 8 years, or 11.5 percent of their life span, living with disabilities.

The two-way link between poverty and disability creates a vicious circle. Poor people are more at risk of acquiring a disability because of lack of access to good nutrition, health care, sanitation, as well as safe living and working conditions. Once this occurs, people face barriers to the education, employment, and public services that can help them escape poverty.

Dr. Amartya Sen pointed out in his keynote address at the World Bank's conference on disability, the poverty line for disabled people should consider the extra expenses they incur in exercising what purchasing power they do have. A study in the United Kingdom found that the poverty rate for disabled people was 23.1 percent compared to 17.9 percent for non-disabled people, but when extra expenses associated with being disabled were considered, the poverty rate for people with disabilities shot up to 47.4 percent.

Disability rates in the population are higher among groups with lower educational level in the countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). On average, 19 percent of less educated people have disabilities, compared to 11 percent among the better educated.

Ninety percent of children with disabilities in developing countries do not attend school, says UNESCO. In the OECD countries, students with disabilities in higher education remain under-represented, although their numbers are on the increase, says the OECD.

1991 Brazilian census reported only a 1 percent to 2 percent disability rate, but the 2001 census recorded a 14.5 percent disability rate. Similar jumps in the measured rate of disability have occurred in Turkey (12.3 percent) and Nicaragua (10.1 percent).

Persons with disabilities are more likely to be victims of violence or rape, according to a 2004 British study, and less likely to obtain police intervention, legal protection or preventive care. Women and girls with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to abuse. A survey in Orissa, India, found that virtually all the women and girls with disabilities were beaten at home, 25 percent of women with intellectual disabilities had been raped and 6 percent of women with disabilities had been forcibly sterilized. Research indicates that violence against children with disabilities occurs at annual rates at least 1.7 times greater than for their peers without disabilities.

Disability Statistics and Charts

U.S. Disability Statistics by State, County, City, and Age

Average Life Span Expectancy Chart by World Countries

Health and Disability Factsheets (PDF)

World Population Chart - Countries and Continents

Fundamental Rights Of Persons With Disability Statistics and Charts

Other Disability Statistics and Data Tools

DHDS, CDC's innovative disability and health data tool - Provides instant access to state-level health and demographic data about adults with disabilities. Find data on a range of health indicators for states, and compare the health of adults with disabilities and without disabilities. Find how a state is performing across a variety of health indicators, such as vaccine coverage and preventive services, for people with disabilities compared with people without disabilities.

IndexMundi - Contains detailed country statistics, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources. Explore and analyze thousands of indicators organized by region, country, topic, industry sector, and type.

Census Data - A platform to access data and digital content from the U.S. Census Bureau. The vision for data dissemination is to improve the customer experience by making data available from one centralized place so that data users spend less time searching for data content and more time using it.

DisabilityStatistics.org - An online Resource for U.S. Disability Statistics provides detailed information on dozens of national level disability data sources, including U.S. national and state-level reports presenting prevalence and relative economic status of people with disabilities.

Center for Research on Disability - The Center for Research on Disability at the University of New Hampshire is a trusted source for research and statistics on the community participation of people with disabilities, examining key topics like employment, public programs, health, transportation, education, and more.

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Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (Rev. 2024, June 1). Disability Statistics: Information, Charts, Graphs and Tables. Disabled World. Retrieved July 18, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/disability/statistics/

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