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U.S. Disability Statistics by Type and Age

  • Published: 2017-06-02 (Revised/Updated 2017-06-03) : Author: Disabled World : Contact: Disabled World
  • Synopsis: Tables and charts showing number of U.S. population with a disability, statistics ordered by ages and general classification, or type, of disability.

Main Document

Americans with disabilities are one of the largest minority groups in the United States. The tables below show the amount of the U.S. population with a disability with the statistics listed by age and general classification of disability including; hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care, and independent living difficulties.

The US Social Security Administration (SSA), defines disability in terms of an individual's inability to perform substantial gainful activity (SGA), by which it means "work paying minimum wage or better". The agency pairs SGA with a list of medical conditions that qualify individuals for disability benefits.

Quick Facts

Outline map showing U.S. states
Outline map showing U.S. states

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Number of Americans with Disability by Age
Total:316,450,569
Male:154,565,265
Under 5 years:10,112,012
With a disability82,261
No disability10,029,751
5 to 17 years:27,413,259
With a disability1,814,985
No disability25,598,274
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With a disability2,424,458
No disability34,108,284
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With a disability7,784,294
No disability52,113,858
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With a disability3,421,784
No disability9,313,673
75 years and over:7,873,643
With a disability3,780,554
No disability4,093,089
Female:161,885,304
Under 5 years:9,680,082
With a disability66,348
No disability9,613,734
5 to 17 years:26,286,578
With a disability1,070,194
No disability25,216,384
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With a disability2,008,907
No disability34,800,050
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With a disability8,193,887
No disability55,087,878
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With a disability3,496,061
No disability11,057,755
75 years and over:11,274,106
With a disability5,762,595
No disability5,511,511
Number of Americans with Hearing Difficulty by Age
Total:316,450,569
Male:154,565,265
Under 5 years:10,112,012
With a hearing difficulty61,049
No hearing difficulty10,050,963
5 to 17 years:27,413,259
With a hearing difficulty181,074
No hearing difficulty27,232,185
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With a hearing difficulty367,678
No hearing difficulty36,165,064
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With a hearing difficulty2,080,452
No hearing difficulty57,817,700
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With a hearing difficulty1,708,217
No hearing difficulty11,027,240
75 years and over:7,873,643
With a hearing difficulty2,171,638
No hearing difficulty5,702,005
Female:161,885,304
Under 5 years:9,680,082
With a hearing difficulty45,164
No hearing difficulty9,634,918
5 to 17 years:26,286,578
With a hearing difficulty148,587
No hearing difficulty26,137,991
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With a hearing difficulty261,601
No hearing difficulty36,547,356
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With a hearing difficulty1,259,960
No hearing difficulty62,021,805
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With a hearing difficulty824,006
No hearing difficulty13,729,810
75 years and over:11,274,106
With a hearing difficulty2,158,027
No hearing difficulty9,116,079
Number of Americans with Vision Difficulty by Age
Total:316,450,569
Male:154,565,265
Under 5 years:10,112,012
With a vision difficulty43,530
No vision difficulty10,068,482
5 to 17 years:27,413,259
With a vision difficulty235,919
No vision difficulty27,177,340
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With a vision difficulty398,535
No vision difficulty36,134,207
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With a vision difficulty1,425,534
No vision difficulty58,472,618
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With a vision difficulty543,736
No vision difficulty12,191,721
75 years and over:7,873,643
With a vision difficulty692,022
No vision difficulty7,181,621
Female:161,885,304
Under 5 years:9,680,082
With a vision difficulty40,704
No vision difficulty9,639,378
5 to 17 years:26,286,578
With a vision difficulty219,543
No vision difficulty26,067,035
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With a vision difficulty407,288
No vision difficulty36,401,669
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With a vision difficulty1,557,429
No vision difficulty61,724,336
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With a vision difficulty605,616
No vision difficulty13,948,200
75 years and over:11,274,106
With a vision difficulty1,163,949
No vision difficulty10,110,157
Number of Americans with Cognitive Difficulty by Age
Total:296,658,475
Male:144,453,253
5 to 17 years:27,413,259
With a cognitive difficulty1,465,480
No cognitive difficulty25,947,779
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With a cognitive difficulty1,585,041
No cognitive difficulty34,947,701
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With a cognitive difficulty2,910,026
No cognitive difficulty56,988,126
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With a cognitive difficulty714,064
No cognitive difficulty12,021,393
75 years and over:7,873,643
With a cognitive difficulty973,187
No cognitive difficulty6,900,456
Female:152,205,222
5 to 17 years:26,286,578
With a cognitive difficulty733,662
No cognitive difficulty25,552,916
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With a cognitive difficulty1,186,759
No cognitive difficulty35,622,198
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With a cognitive difficulty3,069,109
No cognitive difficulty60,212,656
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With a cognitive difficulty734,109
No cognitive difficulty13,819,707
75 years and over:11,274,106
With a cognitive difficulty1,743,684
No cognitive difficulty9,530,422
Total:296,658,475
Male:144,453,253
5 to 17 years:27,413,259
With an ambulatory difficulty183,004
No ambulatory difficulty27,230,255
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With an ambulatory difficulty501,717
No ambulatory difficulty36,031,025
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With an ambulatory difficulty4,039,167
No ambulatory difficulty55,858,985
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With an ambulatory difficulty1,771,638
No ambulatory difficulty10,963,819
75 years and over:7,873,643
With an ambulatory difficulty2,152,104
No ambulatory difficulty5,721,539
Female:152,205,222
5 to 17 years:26,286,578
With an ambulatory difficulty153,282
No ambulatory difficulty26,133,296
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With an ambulatory difficulty508,484
No ambulatory difficulty36,300,473
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With an ambulatory difficulty5,042,899
No ambulatory difficulty58,238,866
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With an ambulatory difficulty2,463,997
No ambulatory difficulty12,089,819
75 years and over:11,274,106
With an ambulatory difficulty4,103,624
No ambulatory difficulty7,170,482
Number of Americans with Self-Care Difficulty by Age
Total:296,658,475
Male:144,453,253
5 to 17 years:27,413,259
With a self-care difficulty313,917
No self-care difficulty27,099,342
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With a self-care difficulty338,753
No self-care difficulty36,193,989
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With a self-care difficulty1,423,794
No self-care difficulty58,474,358
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With a self-care difficulty534,348
No self-care difficulty12,201,109
75 years and over:7,873,643
With a self-care difficulty853,711
No self-care difficulty7,019,932
Female:152,205,222
5 to 17 years:26,286,578
With a self-care difficulty190,848
No self-care difficulty26,095,730
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With a self-care difficulty273,330
No self-care difficulty36,535,627
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With a self-care difficulty1,614,606
No self-care difficulty61,667,159
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With a self-care difficulty673,035
No self-care difficulty13,880,781
75 years and over:11,274,106
With a self-care difficulty1,757,229
No self-care difficulty9,516,877
Number of Americans with Independent Living Difficulty by Age
Total:242,958,638
Male:117,039,994
18 to 34 years:36,532,742
With an independent living difficulty939,363
No independent living difficulty35,593,379
35 to 64 years:59,898,152
With an independent living difficulty2,489,425
No independent living difficulty57,408,727
65 to 74 years:12,735,457
With an independent living difficulty832,335
No independent living difficulty11,903,122
75 years and over:7,873,643
With an independent living difficulty1,489,095
No independent living difficulty6,384,548
Female:125,918,644
18 to 34 years:36,808,957
With an independent living difficulty756,695
No independent living difficulty36,052,262
35 to 64 years:63,281,765
With an independent living difficulty3,088,810
No independent living difficulty60,192,955
65 to 74 years:14,553,816
With an independent living difficulty1,254,001
No independent living difficulty13,299,815
75 years and over:11,274,106
With an independent living difficulty3,335,018
No independent living difficulty7,939,088

Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Civilian noninstitutionalized population. 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates

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