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33% of Prisoners Reported a Disability in 2011 - 2012

Author: Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs(i) : Contact: www.ojp.usdoj.gov

Published: 2015-12-15 : (Rev. 2020-03-17)

Synopsis and Key Points:

Estimates of disabilities include six specific classifications: hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care and independent living.

A cognitive disability - defined as serious difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions - was the most common disability reported by prison and jail inmates.

An ambulatory disability was the second most common reported disability, with 10 percent of each population reporting difficulty walking or climbing stairs.

Main Digest

An estimated 32 percent of state and federal prisoners and 40 percent of local jail inmates reported having at least one disability in the 2011-12 National Inmate Survey, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) announced today.

Estimates of disabilities include six specific classifications: hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care and independent living.

Silhouette illustration of a person behind prison bars.
Silhouette illustration of a person behind prison bars.

Prisoners were about three times more likely and jail inmates were about four times more likely than the general population (standardized to match the prison and jail populations by sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin) to report a disability.

Other Findings Include

Similar Articles of Interest:

Estimates are based on self-reported data from 10 percent of the inmates selected in the BJS 2011-12 National Inmate Survey. A total of 10,259 inmates age 18 or older (4,265 inmates in state and federal prison and 5,994 inmates in jail) completed the disability module.

The report, Disabilities Among Prison and Jail Inmates, 2011-12 (NCJ 249151), was written by Jennifer Bronson and Laura M. Maruschak of BJS, and Marcus Berzofsky of RTI International. The report, related documents and additional information about BJS statistical publications and programs can be found on the BJS website at www.bjs.gov

(i)Source/Reference: Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith. Content may have been edited for style, clarity or length.

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