Statistics Survey Indicates Lack of Planning for Income Limiting Disability
Author: Gary Griffin
Published: 2009-01-05 : (Rev. 2009-02-17)
Statistics show American workers are not preparing for the potential financial consequences that a disability can create.
Main DigestAlthough the risk of experiencing an income-limiting disability continues to rapidly rise among the American workforce, most workers are not preparing for the potential financial consequences that a disability can create.
Although the risk of experiencing an income-limiting disability continues to rapidly rise among the American workforce, most workers are not preparing for the potential financial consequences that a disability can create.
According to a new survey from the Council for Disability Awareness (CDA), a majority of workers - 56 percent - have never discussed with anyone how they would continue to pay for their living expenses if a disability kept them out of work for several months or longer.
The survey found that while the majority of workers rated their ability to earn a living as the most important contributor to their long-term financial security - three times greater than those who rated retirement savings as number one - two in three workers do not even think about disability when they discuss their "financial planning."
Among the workers surveyed:
Almost 90 percent believe disability planning should start in a person's 20s or 30s;
A large majorities (82 percent) are still concerned about how they would pay their normal living expenses if their income suddenly stopped because of an accident or illness;
Seven in 10 workers could cover their expenses for six months or less, a potential challenge to their financial security since the average long-term disability lasts more than two years;
Young workers ages 21 to 35 are particularly vulnerable, as over half (68 percent) indicated that they could cover normal living expenses for just three months or less if they were to lose their income.
"The survey underscores the need for workers to incorporate the financial risks associated with disability into their financial planning mindset and actions. The ability to earn a living is the most important driver of financial security for the majority of people; it needs to be valued like a retirement fund, savings account or a home," explained Robert Taylor, president of CDA.
As the survey illustrates, workers are not financially preparing for a disability. Most believe that if they were out of work for a year, they could rely on a patchwork of income sources to make ends meet, including help from friends and family, retirement savings accounts, home equity loans and credit cards. Most - 62 percent - would rely to some degree on a spouse's or partner's income. However, that may be optimistic, since the majority of households live paycheck to paycheck and have a negative savings rate.
The survey also highlights a considerable lack of clarity about employer-sponsored disability programs and the Social Security Disability Insurance program. Only half of workers who are provided with employer sick-leave benefits feel they understand them very well. For those employees who are offered a long-term disability program by their employer, only 28 percent feel they have a good understanding of the program and close to 20 percent don't even know if their employer offers a program. The survey also pointed to a lack of basic knowledge about Social Security disability benefits. One in three surveyed workers does not understand or is not aware of Social Security Disability Insurance, a key disability program for 150 million workers across America.
"Broader awareness and education about available disability programs is a critical starting point to helping more workers assume responsibility for their long-term financial security, which continues to shift to the American worker," Taylor said. "When workers understand the impact of disability on their finances and the resources available to them, they will take more informed actions to protect their financial stability."
On CDA's Web site, disabilitycanhappen.org, workers have access to tools that can help them estimate what their income and expenses might look like during a disability and provide them with a guide for developing a specific action plan. A financial review is accessible, along with facts and figures about disability, real-life stories, current articles and tips for a healthy lifestyle.
About the Survey
In January and February 2008, CDA worked with the research firm Mathew Greenwald & Associates to conduct an online survey of 1,448 full-time working American adults ages 21 to 65 nationwide. The margin of error for the sample size was +/-3.1 percentage points at the 97 percent level of confidence.
About the Council for Disability Awareness
Reference: The Council for Disability Awareness (CDA), founded and governed by leading disability insurance companies, is dedicated to helping raise awareness of the increasing challenges of disability and providing education about the many attributes of disability insurance protection. CDA is located in Portland, Maine.
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