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Light Electric Vehicles (LEV) 2011 - 2021


  • Published: 2011-07-11 : Author: Reportlinker
  • Synopsis: LEVs are propelled by an electric motor that uses an energy storage device such as a battery or fuel cell has two or three wheels and typically weighs less than 100kg.

Written by the world's leading expert on LEVs, with the longest track record, this LEV report looks closely at global trends in their technology, manufacture and market drivers such as legislation.

IDTechEx has added forecasts and other material. The analysis is balanced, with negative factors exposed such as several Chinese cities banning or severely restricting LEVs. The LEV industry is growing fast, with greatest strength in China today, but also clearly emerging fast in the rest of the world. Up until the last couple of years, ebike sales were concentrated in China, Japan, and the EU. In the last few years, nearly every nation has bought ebikes from China, and in some cases, the volumes are now significant. Sales will reach 130 million yearly before 2025, make it one of the world's largest industries. The 206 page report encompassing over 70 brands gives forecasts of sales numbers, unit prices and total market value for 2011-2021. 13 market drivers are balanced against many negative factors that are discussed in the report, which has 69 figures and tables and detail on standards and legislation.

LEVs are one of the largest and fastest growing electric vehicle markets. A Light Electric Vehicle LEV is a land vehicle propelled by an electric motor that uses an energy storage device such as a battery or fuel cell, has two or three wheels, and typically weighs less than 100kg. Most LEVs are and will remain ebikes. These are Power on Demand bikes controlled with a throttle. A significant percentage of ebikes sold are scooters in that they have the driver's feet rest on a platform - they are not straddled by the driver.

Today, the LEV industry is dominated by large bicycle companies, due to their access to distribution. We explain why, in the future, these companies will face major competition from, and may be pushed aside by car, motorcycle, and car parts companies. Supply chains for motors, batteries, chassis parts, and nearly every LEV component exist in Asia, primarily in China, Taiwan, Japan, and newly emerging South Korea. We reveal where the highest profits will be obtained in future and the opportunities in components as these change with lithium-ion batteries of several generations and super-capacitors being increasingly employed, for example. The more demanding future technical requirements of users and standards are investigated.

Adjoining sectors are also discussed such as heavy electric motorcycles and the bigger sector of mobility vehicles for the disabled, where ten year forecasts are presented. New crossover vehicles between LEVs and these sectors are presented.

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

1.1. Forecast for numbers of LEVs sold globally to 2025

1.2. Pricing

1.3. Market value forecast

1.4. Reasons for growth

1.4.1. Competition and profitability

1.4.2. Opportunities

1.4.3. Typical requirement

2. INTRODUCTION TO LIGHT ELECTRIC VEHICLES

2.1. Definition of a light electric vehicle

2.2. The Industry of LEVs

2.2.1. Taiwan and China

2.2.2. Outside Taiwan and China

2.2.3. Too much cost cutting

3. REQUIREMENTS FOR LEVS

3.1. How good does it have to be

3.2. What retail price

4. TYPES OF LEV AND REGULATIONS

4.1. What is an electric bicycle

4.1.1. Pedelec

4.1.2. Power on Demand bikes and other categories

4.1.3. Electric vehicles for disabled and others

4.1.4. Power restriction

4.1.5. Notable regulations

4.2. Universal Technical Terms for Ebikes

5. LEV TECHNOLOGIES

5.1. Battery Technology - as currently used in LEVs, on a pack level

5.1.1. SVRLA strengths and weaknesses

5.1.2. Battery packagers

5.1.3. Battery Packs from China

5.1.4. Power management and user interface

5.1.5. Electric motor controller

5.1.6. Motor Controls:

5.1.7. Accessory features:

5.1.8. Chinese Coin Charger

5.1.9. Energy harvesting

5.1.10. User Interface

5.1.11. Real Time Data Logging and Reporting

5.1.12. Infrastructure challenges and Government incentives

6. LEV STANDARDS AND COMPONENT INDUSTRIAL TRENDS

6.1. Standards Efforts

6.2. Component industry trends

6.3. LEV electric motor industry

6.4. Controller industry

6.5. Wiring harness and connectors

7. LEV MARKETS, MARKET DRIVERS AND FORECASTS

7.1. Markets by territory

7.1.1. China

7.1.2. Japan

7.1.3. India

7.1.4. Europe

7.1.5. USA

7.1.6. Worldwide

7.2. Markets by providers

7.3. Bicycle Brands with ebikes or expected to have ebikes soon:

7.3.1. USA

7.3.2. European Bike Brands

7.3.3. Netherlands brands:

7.4. Channels of distribution

7.5. Market forecasts and drivers

7.6. Drivers of market

7.6.1. Fuel price

7.6.2. Fuel availability

7.6.3. Efficiency

7.6.4. Cost of government subsidy

7.6.5. Traffic congestion

7.6.6. Parking congestion

7.6.7. Urbanization

7.6.8. Air pollution

7.6.9. Government regulation

7.6.10. Personal responsibility

7.6.11. Total cost of ownership

7.6.12. Aging populations

7.6.13. Living in apartments

7.6.14. Negative factors

7.6.15. Bans in Malaysia and elsewhere

APPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX EV PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCY

APPENDIX 2: LISTINGS OF LEV BRANDS, OEMS, COMPONENT MAKERS

APPENDIX 3: ADDITIONAL REGULATORY SUPPORT

APPENDIX 4: MOBILITY FOR THE DISABLED

TABLES

1.1. LEV number, unit value in dollars ex factory and total global market value 2011-2021

2.1. Prices and performance of electric two wheelers

7.1. World e-bike sales (Units) estimated for 2007-2010

7.2. Chinese cities banning or restricting electric bikes.

FIGURES

1.1. LEV number in millions 2011-2021

1.2. LEV unit value in dollars ex factory 2011-2021

1.3. LEV total global market value in dollar billions 2011-2021

2.1. Voltitude folding pedelec

2.2. Chinese domestic ebike left and Currie IZ ViaRapido ebike right

2.3. Electric motor scooters in China

2.4. Electric tricycle

2.5. Electric moped by Ultra Motor

2.6. Electric motorcycle by Vectrix

2.7. Electric mini scooters by Currie Technologies

2.8. Segway personal transporter

2.9. 3 wheel LEV with windshield and cover

2.10. The folding Yike Bike from New Zealand

2.11. TriBred electric Trikke patrol vehicle and general purpose version

2.12. Ebike by Ultra Motor A2B

2.13. LEV Shop Window with ebike.

2.14. EU small folding ebike

2.15. Chinese ebike loaded down

2.16. Chinese ebike rider

2.17. Chinese ebike with two riders

2.18. Ebikes used at Chinese factories

2.19. China LEVs at stop light

2.20. Ebike Food Delivery for Papa John's in China

2.21. Ebike food delivery by A2B Ultra Motor

2.22. LEV four wheeler for seniors - a crossover from LEVs to mobility for the disabled

2.23. IBD Bloomfield Bikes Ebike Display in CT USA

3.1. Chinese Repair in the Street

3.2. Chinese Ebike Tire Repair

3.3. Escooter or Ebike

3.4. Traditional Chinese Ebike

3.5. Optibike USA "The Ferrari of Electric Bikes"

3.6. Small French Folding Ebike

3.7. DK City db0 Ebike

5.1. Battery pack interiors

5.2. Controller by Suzhou Bafang

5.3. Lead Acid Battery Charger by High Power

5.4. Solar parking lot for charging by Sanyo

5.5. User Interface by Gepida

5.6. User Interface by BionX

5.7. UI 1 Photo with phone Interface

6.1. SVRLA battery sizes by Long

6.2. Transparent battery box

6.3. Innovative Chinese motor

6.4. High speed brush-less motor by Bafang

6.5. Typical connector

7.1. Example of China exports to the EU

7.2. Hero Electric of India Flash Ebike 1

7.3. Electric vehicle energy consumption per passenger kilometer with full occupation.

To order this report:

www.reportlinker.com/p0570423/Light-Electric-Vehicles.html

www.reportlinker.com/ci02310/Clean-Vehicle.html

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