Down Syndrome Awareness is represented by the ribbon colors blue and yellow. Blue is a color that spreads happiness among people. The color yellow also evokes happiness, and creates a feeling of energetic quality in the body and mind, as well as an optimistic view. When the yellow is mixed with the blue, it shows a mix of dependability and perseverance with optimism and a bright future ahead for people with Down Syndrome.
World Down Syndrome Day (WDSD) is observed on March 21. On this day, people with Down syndrome and those who live and work with them throughout the world organize and participate in activities and events to raise public awareness and create a single global voice for advocating for the rights, inclusion and well being of people with Down syndrome. The month of October is U.S. Down Syndrome Awareness Month.
Down Syndrome Awareness:
Facts: Down Syndrome
- Commonly, individuals with Down syndrome have better language understanding than ability to speak.
- As of 2006, only 3 instances of males with Down syndrome fathering children and 26 cases of women having children have been reported.
- Ultrasound imaging can be used to screen for Down syndrome.
- Those with Down syndrome nearly always have physical and intellectual disabilities.
- Hearing and vision disorders occur in more than half of people with Down syndrome.
- Most individuals with Down syndrome have mild (IQ: 50 - 70) or moderate (IQ: 35 - 50) intellectual disability with some cases having severe (IQ: 20 - 35) difficulties.
- The rate of congenital heart disease in newborns with Down syndrome is around 40%.
- Problems of the thyroid gland occur in 20 - 50% of individuals with Down syndrome.
- About 92% of pregnancies in Europe with a diagnosis of Down syndrome are terminated. In the United States, termination rates are around 67%.
- Down syndrome is the cause of 8% of all congenital disorders.
Statistics: Down Syndrome
- More children are born with Down syndrome in countries where abortion is not allowed and in countries where pregnancy more commonly occurs at a later age.
- About 1.4 per 1000 live births in the United States, in the United States, it occurred in 2 per 1000 live births with the decrease since then due to prenatal screening and abortions.
- Globally, as of 2010, Down syndrome occurs in about 1 per 1000 births and results in about 17,000 deaths.
- Maternal age affects the chances of having a pregnancy with Down syndrome. At age 20, the chance is one in 1441; at age 30, it is one in 959; at age 40, it is one in 84; and at age 50 it is one in 44. Although the probability increases with maternal age, 70% of children with Down syndrome are born to women 35 years of age and younger, because younger people have more children.
- The father's older age is also a risk factor in women older than 35, but not in women younger than 35, and may partly explain the increase in risk as women age.
Information from our Cognitive Disability: Information on Intellectual Disabilities section - (Full List).