Invisible Disabilities: List and General Information
Updated/Revised Date: 2022-04-07
Synopsis: Information on invisible disability, disabilities that are not immediately apparent, includes a list of hidden disability conditions. Invisible disabilities can include chronic illnesses such as renal failure, diabetes, and sleep disorders if those diseases significantly impair normal activities of daily living. People with some kinds of invisible disabilities, such as chronic pain or some kind of sleep disorder, are often accused of faking or imagining their disabilities.
What are Invisible Disabilities?
Invisible Disability, or hidden disability, is an umbrella term that captures a whole spectrum of hidden disabilities or challenges that are primarily neurological in nature. Invisible disability, or hidden disability, are defined as disabilities that are not immediately apparent. Some people with visual or auditory disabilities who do not wear glasses or hearing aids, or discreet hearing aids, may not be obviously disabled. Some people who have vision loss may wear contacts.
A sitting disability is another category of invisible impairments; chronic back pain usually causes sitting problems. Those with joint issues or chronic pain may not use mobility aids on some days, or at all. Although the disability creates a challenge for the person who has it, the reality of the disability can be difficult for others to recognize or acknowledge. Others may not understand the cause of the difficulty, if they cannot see evidence of it in a visible way.
Woman with migraine sitting on a bed holding a white mug with her head resting on her hands and knees.
People with some kinds of invisible disabilities, such as chronic pain or some kind of sleep disorder, are often accused of faking or imagining their disabilities. These symptoms can occur due to chronic illness, chronic pain, injury, birth disorders, etc. and are not always obvious to the onlooker.
Invisible Disabilities are certain kinds of disabilities that are not immediately apparent to others. It is estimated that 10% of people in the U.S. have a medical condition which could be considered a type of invisible disability.
Nearly one in two people in the U.S. has a chronic medical condition of one kind or another, but most of these people are not considered to be disabled, as their medical conditions do not impair their normal everyday activities. These people do not use an assistive device, and most look and act perfectly healthy.
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) an individual with a disability is a person who: Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; has a record of such an impairment; or is regarded as having such an impairment.
Generally, seeing a person in a wheelchair, wearing a hearing aid, or carrying a white cane tells us a person may be disabled. But what about invisible disabilities that make daily living a bit more difficult for many people worldwide?
Invisible disabilities can include chronic illnesses such as renal failure, diabetes, and sleep disorders if those diseases significantly impair normal activities of daily living.
For example, there are people with visual or auditory impairments who do not wear hearing aids or eyeglasses, so they may not seem obviously impaired. Those with joint conditions or problems who suffer chronic pain may not use any type of mobility aids on good days, or ever.
Another example is Fibromyalgia which is now understood to be the most common cause of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Sources estimate between 3 and 26 million Americans suffer from this hidden condition.
Other Types of Invisible Disabilities
- Chronic Pain: A variety of conditions may cause chronic pain. A few of those reasons may be back issues, bone disease, physical injuries, and any number of other reasons. Chronic pain may not be noticeable to people who do not understand the victim's specific medical condition.
- Chronic Fatigue: This type of disability refers to an individual who constantly feels tired. This can be extremely debilitating and affect every aspect of a person every day life.
- Mental Illness: There are many mental illnesses that do qualify for disability benefits. Some examples are depression, attention deficit disorder, schizophrenia, agoraphobia, and many others. These diseases can also be completely debilitating to the victim, and can make performing everyday tasks extremely difficult, if not impossible.
- Chronic Dizziness: Often associated with problems of the inner ear, chronic dizziness can lead to impairment when walking, driving, working, sleeping, and other common tasks.
People with psychiatric disabilities make up a large segment of the invisibly disabled population covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
Invisible disabilities can also include chronic illnesses such as renal failure, diabetes, and sleep disorders if those diseases significantly impair normal activities of daily living. If a medical condition does not impair normal activities, then it is not considered a disability.
96% of people with chronic medical conditions live with an invisible illness.
Many people living with a hidden physical disability or mental challenge can still be active in their hobbies, work and be active in sports. On the other hand, some struggle just to get through their day at work, and some cannot work at all.
List of SOME Invisible Disabilities
- Anxiety disorders
- Asperger Syndrome
- Bipolar disorder
- Brain injuries
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Chronic pain
- Circadian rhythm sleep disorders
- Coeliac Disease
- Crohn's disease
- Ehlers Danlos Syndrome
- Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
- Food allergies
- Fructose malabsorption
- Hereditary Fructose Intolerance
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Interstitial cystitis
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Lactose Intolerance
- Lyme Disease
- Major depression
- Metabolic syndrome
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
- Myasthenia Gravis
- Personality disorders
- Primary immunodeficiency
- Psychiatric disabilities
- Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
- Repetitive stress injuries
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Schnitzler's Syndrome
- Sjögren's Syndrome
- Trigeminal Neuralgia
- Spinal Disorders
- Temporomandibular joint disorder
- Transverse Myelitis
- Ulcerative Colitis
U.S. Invisible Disability Statistics
About 10% of Americans have a medical condition which could be considered an invisible disability. 96% of people with chronic medical conditions live with an invisible condition. These people do not use a cane or any assistive device and act as if they didn't have a medical condition. About 25% of them have some type of activity limitation, ranging from mild to severe; the remaining 75% are not disabled by their chronic conditions. Although the disability creates a challenge for the person who has it, the reality of the disability can be difficult for others to recognize or acknowledge. Others may not understand the cause of the problem, if they cannot see evidence of it in a visible way.
Invisible Disability in Society
Invisible disabilities are the most common type of disability among college students. For example, students with learning disabilities, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or psychiatric disabilities may request accommodations even though they do not appear to have a disability. There are numerous other hidden or invisible disabilities such as heart condition, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, and Seizure Disorder.
There are hundreds of conditions, illnesses, and injuries that can result in a hidden disability - anemia, brain injuries and strokes, allergies, epilepsy, heart diseases, lung conditions, mental illnesses, and chronic pain are just a few examples. Yet, although we are all aware of these individual conditions, there is much to be learned about the shared needs and experiences of the hidden disability community as the unique group that it is. In Canada, a movement by Laura Brydges co-founder of the Hidden Disability Symbol Canada movement, along with the Brain Injury Society of Toronto (BIST) and Brain Injury Canada (BIC), is currently in progress.
Also a recent scheme known as the Sunflower Lanyard Program has been launched in the U.K. The Hidden Disabilities Sunflower purpose aims to help others identify when support may be needed for those with disabilities such as autism, dementia, anxiety, or other conditions that may not be immediately obvious to other people.
A growing number of organizations, governments, and institutions are implementing policies and regulations to accommodate persons with invisible disabilities. Governments and school boards have implemented screening tests to identify students with learning disabilities, as well as other invisible disabilities, such as vision or hearing difficulties, or problems in cognitive ability, motor skills, or social or emotional development. If a hidden disability is identified, resources can be used to place a child in a special education program that will help them progress in school.
Subtopics and Associated Subjects
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Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2022, April 7). Invisible Disabilities: List and General Information. Disabled World. Retrieved June 28, 2022 from www.disabled-world.com/disability/types/invisible/
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