Psychological Disorders: News and Information

Author: Disabled World
Updated/Revised Date: 2022/04/07
Contents: Summary - Introduction - Main - Subtopics - Publications

Synopsis: Information and research updates regarding mental and psychological disorders ranging from PTSD to Phobias Anxiety and Personality Disorders. A mental disorder, mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is defined as a mental, behavioral pattern, or anomaly that causes either suffering or impaired ability to function in ordinary life (disability), and which is not a developmental or social norm. An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older - or about one in four U.S. adults - suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

Introduction

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a mental or behavioral pattern or anomaly that causes either suffering or an impaired ability to function in ordinary life (disability), and which is not a developmental or social norm. The definition and classification of mental disorders are key issues for researchers as well as service providers and those who may be diagnosed. For a mental state to classify as a disorder, it generally needs to cause dysfunction.

Main Document

There are many psychological disorders that people may experience in life, ranging from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder to common phobias. Diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders is an objective procedure that involves prior research as well as experience for the health care provider.

Some disorders may be very limited in their functional effects, while others may involve substantial disability and support needs. The degree of ability or disability may vary over time and across different life domains. Furthermore, continued disability has been linked to institutionalization, discrimination and social exclusion as well as to the inherent effects of disorders. Alternatively, functioning may be affected by the stress of having to hide a condition in work or school etc., by adverse effects of medications or other substances, or by mismatches between illness-related variations and demands for regularity. Knowledge of psychological disorders has been compiled into a large and comprehensive manual called the 'DSM-IV,' which is used by health care providers today.

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The words Mental Health are spelt out in wooden scrabble tiles.
The words Mental Health are spelt out in wooden scrabble tiles.
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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) is published by the American Psychiatric Association. The book contains all the known mental health and psychological disorders impacting both adults and children.

The DSM-IV lists the names and symptoms of psychological disorders, as well as potential causes, treatments, statistics, and research that is being pursued related to these disorders. The DSM-IV is sometimes referred to as the 'Psychiatrists Bible,' because it enhances the understanding of persons with these disorders, their treatment options, and even third-party insurance payers.

Psychological disorders in the DSM-IV are both classified and explained. Within the DSM-IV there are five, 'Axes,' that cover psychological disorders.

The DSM-IV is not necessarily used or involved in the diagnostic process or treatment of every psychological disorder. Reference to and use of the DSM-IV depends on the Psychologist, Psychiatrist, or Counselor. Whether the DSM-IV was used in the diagnostic process, it is important to get objective support regarding any psychological condition or disorder.

Counseling and Psychological Disorders

There has been an amount of social stigma associated with counseling and psychological disorders, or psychological disorders in general, causing unnecessary burden and people with disabilities, their family members and friends.

The counseling process can be trying enough without dealing with any stigmas associated with it. Insurance companies may not cover counseling easily as well. Overcoming these hurdles related to seeing a psychologist, psychiatrist, or a counselor can be extremely valuable to a person as a whole; not just their emotions and mind.

A person's physical health is intrinsically connected to their mind and soul; dealing with your mental well-being inevitably benefits your overall health. As with any physical disease, a psychological disorder can affect any person at any time in their life; it does not matter how happy, wealthy, or seemingly well-adjusted they may be.

Types of Psychological Disorders:

Anxiety Disorders

Childhood Disorders

Eating Disorders

Mood Disorders

  • Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression)
  • Cyclothymic Disorder
  • Dysthymic Disorder
  • Major Depressive Disorder

Cognitive Disorders (Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic Disorders)

  • Delirium
  • Multi-Infarct Dementia
  • Dementia Associated With Alcoholism
  • Dementia of the Alzheimer Type
  • Dementia

Personality Disorders

  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

  • Brief Psychotic Disorder
  • Delusional Disorder
  • Schizoaffective Disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizophreniform Disorder
  • Shared Psychotic Disorder

Substance-Related Disorders

  • Alcohol Dependence
  • Amphetamine Dependence
  • Cannabis Dependence
  • Cocaine Dependence
  • Hallucinogen Dependence
  • Inhalant Dependence
  • Nicotine Dependence
  • Opioid Dependence
  • Phencyclidine Dependence
  • Sedative Dependence

Facts and Statistics

Subtopics:


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Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2022, April 7). Psychological Disorders: News and Information. Disabled World. Retrieved May 26, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/disability/types/psychological/

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