Children who have a vision impairment might also need assistance with learning social skills that are expected during conversations. They may need to learn to face a speaker and, when it is appropriate, enter a conversation. They might also need to be taught about the body postures or facial expressions that others expect from them during conversations.
Parents, teachers, as well as friends may help by using words instead of gestures. For example, it is important to say the word, 'goodbye,' instead of waving, or to speak the word, 'yes,' instead of responding with a simple nod of the head. Speech pathologists and specialist teachers can provide assistance.
Self-help Skills: Children with a vision impairment will not notice and copy what other people are doing. Due to this fact, their self-help skills may develop more slowly and might require specific teaching. Fine motor skills to manage shoe laces, buttons, or zippers may need additional practice. Early intervention, teachers, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists can all help.
Agencies for vision impairment, hospitals, as well as community health centers might offer early intervention services, occupational therapy, speech pathology, and physiotherapy services. A number of specialist disability agencies and educational departments have early intervention or special education programs.
Children with Vision Impairment, Preschool and School
Teachers in preschools and schools think about changes that must be made to the environment and programs to help children with vision impairments. The changes might involve the types of books, equipment, and games used. Teachers may also consider changes to the preschool or classroom furniture and the placement of the furniture. Once at school, teachers will discuss any needs for reading aids, large print, orientation and mobility training, keyboard skills, and other types of technologies.
Depending upon the specific needs of a child with a vision impairment, teachers might get additional help in the preschool or classroom. They may also receive advice from visiting teachers. Parents can help teachers by giving them all needed and up-to-date information concerning their child's vision; it will help teachers to choose appropriate teaching methods.
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