Canola Oil Beneficial for People with Type 2 Diabetes
Published: 2014-06-16 - Updated: 2021-07-04
Author: St. Michael's Hospital | Contact: smh.ca
Synopsis: Patients on canola bread diet saw reduction in blood glucose levels and significant reduction in LDL cholesterol levels. The word canola is a contraction of Canada and ola, meaning oil, and was developed from rapeseed at the University of Manitoba in the 1970s. Canola oil contains only 7 per cent saturated fat, less than half that of olive oil, widely touted for its health benefits.
Canola is Canada's oil and new research from St. Michael's Hospital suggests it should also be one of the oils of choice for people with Type 2 diabetes. The word canola is a contraction of Canada and ola, meaning oil. It was developed from rapeseed at the University of Manitoba in the 1970s. Canola oil contains only 7 per cent saturated fat, less than half that of olive oil, widely touted for its health benefits. Once harvested, canola seeds are crushed and the oil contained within the seed is extracted. The average canola seed is 45% oil. Canola is grown primarily in the prairie regions of Western Canada, with some acreage being planted in Ontario and the Pacific Northwest.
Dr. David Jenkins, head of the hospital's Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, compared people with Type 2 diabetes who ate either a low glycemic index diet that included bread made with canola oil, or a whole wheat diet known to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
His study, published today (Saturday, June 14) in the journal Diabetes Care, found that those on the canola bread diet experienced both a reduction in blood glucose levels and a significant reduction in LDL, or "bad," cholesterol.
Even more exciting, he said, was the finding that the canola bread diet seemed to have the most significant impact on people who needed help the most - those whose HbA1c test measuring blood glucose over the previous two or three months was highest.
Dr. Jenkins, who is a professor of both nutritional sciences and medicine at the University of Toronto, said the reduction in LDL cholesterol observed in his study of 141 people could translate into a 7 per cent reduction in cardiovascular events. He said the benefit could also be translated into an additional 20mg dose of one of the cholesterol-reducing drugs known as statins - a doubling of a standard dose.
Dr. Jenkins said another interesting finding of the study was that patients on the whole wheat diet seemed to have better blood flow after 12 weeks than those on the canola bread diet, as measured by the EndoPat test that uses a cuff on the arm similar to a blood pressure test. He said the significance of that finding was not entirely clear, but this positive result may be an indication of why whole wheat foods have consistently been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Jenkins and his colleagues developed the concept of the glycemic index in the early 1980s as a way of explaining how different carbohydrates affect blood glucose and to find out which foods were best for people with diabetes. High GI foods - such as white bread, most breakfast cereals, potatoes and rice - produce a large rise in blood glucose and insulin, which may damage eyes, kidneys and heart. The carbohydrates in low GI foods - including pasta, beans, lentils, berries, apples and certain whole grains such as barley and oats - are broken down more slowly, so that people get more gentle raises in blood glucose and insulin and so get less tissue damage to eyes and kidneys etc.
Other studies have linked low GI diets with a reduction in both diabetes and cardiovascular events, and have shown monounsaturated fats such as canola and olive oil reduced the risk of cardiovascular disease. Dr. Jenkins said the combination of a low GI diet supplemented with canola oil had not been tested before on people with Type 2 diabetes.
Canola Oil Facts
- It's affordable: Canola oil costs about the same as vegetable oil, but canola is superior nutritionally with guaranteed performance.
- It can take the heat: Broil, sear or even deep-fry to your heart's content. Canola oil has one of the highest heat tolerances of any cooking oil (smoke point of 468° F), so it's an ideal kitchen partner. Smoke points vary with the type of oil.
- It's neutral: Canola oil has no taste and a light texture (unlike olive or coconut oils), which is what you want when preparing a spicy Mexican feast, tart lemon cake or an herb-laced dressing. The flavors of your ingredients, not your oil, take center stage. Other oils have heavier textures than canola oil.
- It's healthy: Canola oil contains the least saturated fat - about half that of olive, soybean, corn and sunflower oils - and the most plant-based omega-3 fat of all common cooking oils. Canola oil has a qualified health claim for reducing the risk of heart disease and research also shows it may help control blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. With vegetable oil, you just don't know.
This research was funded by the Canola Council of Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Loblaw Companies, and the Canada Research Chairs Program.
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Canola Oil Beneficial for People with Type 2 Diabetes | St. Michael's Hospital (smh.ca). Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith. Content may have been edited for style, clarity or length.
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Cite This Page (APA): St. Michael's Hospital. (2014, June 16). Canola Oil Beneficial for People with Type 2 Diabetes. Disabled World. Retrieved September 19, 2021 from www.disabled-world.com/fitness/nutrition/fats-oils/canola.php