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Urinary Incontinence Impact on Quality of Life

Published: 2011-06-11 - Updated: 2022-07-26
Author: UnitedHealthcare | Contact: uhc.com
Peer-Reviewed Publication: Yes
Additional References: Aging Related Conditions Publications

Synopsis: American seniors say urinary incontinence affects their quality of life physically, mentally, and socially to a greater degree than diabetes, arthritis, and many other chronic conditions. Left untreated, urinary incontinence may become more problematic over time, increasing in severity. Symptoms depend on the type of urinary incontinence but can include a powerful urge to urinate, involuntary urination, and unexpected leakage. We have learned from this study that there are more ways we can help patients who suffer from urinary incontinence. According to the data, only about half of those with urinary incontinence said they have spoken to their doctor about the problem. Only about one in three of them have received treatment for it.

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Definition

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled urine leakage. There are four main types of urinary incontinence:

  • Urge incontinence due to an overactive bladder.
  • Mixed incontinence involving features of different other types.
  • Overflow incontinence due to either poor bladder contraction or blockage of the urethra.
  • Stress incontinence due to a poorly functioning urethral sphincter muscle (intrinsic sphincter deficiency), hypermobility of the bladder neck, or urethra.

The term enuresis is often used to refer to urinary incontinence primarily in children, such as nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting).

Main Digest

People 65 and over who suffer from urinary incontinence are encouraged to consult with their doctors to learn more about their treatment options. Americans 65 and over say that urinary incontinence affects their quality of life physically, mentally, and socially to a greater degree than diabetes, arthritis, and many other chronic conditions, according to a study by AARP Services, Inc., and UnitedHealthcare, a UnitedHealth Group (NYSE: UNH) company.

Related Publications:

The research appears in the June issue of Quality of Life Research.

The study, "The Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence and its Burden on the Quality of Life among Older Adults with Medicare Supplement Insurance," surveyed 15,000 enrollees in AARP Medicare Supplement plans insured by UnitedHealthcare Insurance Company (for New York residents, UnitedHealthcare Insurance Company of New York) in 10 states.

Of the more than 5,000 respondents, more than 35 percent reported having urinary incontinence and, according to the study findings, the condition had a significant impact on their well-being and quality of life. The surveys helped quantify respondents' average physical and mental component scores, measures commonly used to evaluate health-related quality of life. As a result, researchers found that urinary incontinence had a stronger influence on the quality of life than diabetes, arthritis, and some forms of cancer, particularly from a mental health standpoint.

The study also found that women and obese individuals are at greater risk of urinary incontinence and suggested that as baby boomers age, additional research is needed to determine which forms of incontinence are most responsive to prevention, early detection, and treatment opportunities.

Left untreated, urinary incontinence may become more problematic over time, increasing in severity. Symptoms depend on the type of urinary incontinence but can include a powerful urge to urinate, involuntary urination, and unexpected leakage.

"Urinary incontinence is generally thought of as a physical disability. It is clear from this study, however, that urinary incontinence affects the quality of life mentally and socially, as well as physically," said Dr. Richard J. Migliori, executive vice president, Business Initiatives and Clinical Affairs at UnitedHealth Group. "We believe this study highlights an opportunity for the health care system to develop treatment programs that can enhance both their physical and mental and emotional health."

"We have learned from this study that there are more ways we can help patients who suffer from urinary incontinence, as according to the data, only about half of those with urinary incontinence said they have spoken to their doctor about the problem, and only about one in three of them have received treatment for it," said Dr. Charlotte S. Yeh, chief medical officer, AARP Services, Inc. "We encourage people 65 and over who suffer from urinary incontinence to consult with their doctors and learn more about their treatment options."

This is the first in a series of research studies from the Health Care Transformation Diversity Initiative, which was created to evaluate the presence and nature of disparities in health care in AARP members who purchase Medicare Supplement plans (i.e., Medigap coverage) insured by UnitedHealthcare (or for New York residents, UnitedHealthcare Insurance Company of New York). Information from these studies may guide efforts to help ameliorate these disparities in the future.

Methodology:

Data for this study were obtained from the Health Update Survey (HUS), which contains questions on demographics, other health conditions, and the Veterans RAND 12-item health status survey. The mail survey was fielded on a random sample of 15,000 insureds from 10 states in 2008. Respondents were divided into those with UI and others based on their response to a question about leaking urine during the last six months. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to estimate the likelihood of urinary incontinence and its impact on quality of life while controlling for respondent demographics and other health conditions.

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Reference Source(s):

Urinary Incontinence Impact on Quality of Life | UnitedHealthcare (uhc.com). Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith. Content may have been edited for style, clarity or length.

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Cite This Page (APA): UnitedHealthcare. (2011, June 11). Urinary Incontinence Impact on Quality of Life. Disabled World. Retrieved December 2, 2022 from www.disabled-world.com/health/aging/incontinence-impact.php

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