Skip to main content
*** NOTE: Terms of Service Updated 21 Feb 2018 ***

Osteosarcoma: Common Form of Bone Cancer

  • Published: 2009-04-01 (Revised/Updated 2015-06-27) : Disabled World (Disabled World).
  • Synopsis: Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer affecting the large bones of the arm or leg and occurs most often in younger individuals.

Main Document

Quote: "Many patients first complain of pain that may be worse at night, and may have been occurring for some time. If the tumor is large, it can appear as a swelling."

Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. It usually affects the large bones of the arm or leg and occurs most often in younger individuals. It affects more males than females. In children and adolescents, tumors appear most often in the bones around the knee.

Osteogenic Sarcoma is the 6th leading cancer in children under age 15. Osteogenic Sarcoma affects 400 children under age 20 and 500 adults (most between the ages of 15-30) every year in the USA. Approximately 1/3 of the 900 will die each year, or about 300 a year.

A second peak in incidence occurs in the elderly, usually associated with an underlying bone pathology such as Paget's disease, Medullary infarct, or prior irradiation. Although about 90% of patients are able to have limb-salvage surgery, complications, such as infection, prosthetic loosening and non-union, or local tumor recurrence may cause the need for further surgery or amputation.

Alternate Names:

Osteosarcoma, Bone Carcinoma, Ewing's Sarcoma, Chondrosarcoma, Osteogenic Sarcoma, Multifocal Osteosarcoma, Metastatic Osteosarcoma

Symptoms of Bone Cancer:

Many patients first complain of pain that may be worse at night, and may have been occurring for some time. If the tumor is large, it can appear as a swelling. The affected bone is not as strong as normal bones and may fracture with minor trauma (a pathological fracture).

The following may be used to diagnose the disease:

biopsy, x-rays, and/or blood tests.

Most Osteosarcoma arise from random and unpredictable errors in the DNA of growing bone cells during times of intense bone growth. There currently isn't an effective way to prevent this type of cancer. But with the proper diagnosis and treatment, most kids with osteosarcoma do recover.

If the tumor is inoperable or unresectable, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be utilized, but the prognosis remains poor.

Inoperable or unresectable osteosarcoma will likely progress locally and may spread to the lungs. Radiation is effective as a palliative measure.

Similar Topics

1 : Cancer Researchers Hit Bullseye with New Drug Target for Ewing Sarcoma : Boston Children's Hospital.
2 : Early Deaths From Childhood Cancer 400% More Common Than Previously Reported : University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
3 : Genetic Explanation For Higher Cancer Rates in Males Than Females : Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
4 : Tobacco Use Accounts For 40% of All Cancers Diagnosed in US : U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
5 : How Cancer spreads in the Body - Unexpected Findings Reveal Insight : Queen Mary University of London.
From our Cancer and Tumors section - Full List (75 Items)

Submit disability news, coming events, as well as assistive technology product news and reviews.


Loan Information for low income singles, families, seniors and disabled. Includes home, vehicle and personal loans.


Famous People with Disabilities - Well known people with disabilities and conditions who contributed to society.


List of awareness ribbon colors and their meaning. Also see our calendar of awareness dates.


Blood Pressure Chart - What should your blood pressure be, and information on blood group types/compatibility.





1 : Free Eye Exams to Service and Working Animals in May from Veterinary Ophthalmologists
2 : Early Childhood Education Needs to be Accessible and Affordable
3 : How the Human Brain Can Tell Our Arms and Legs Apart
4 : Protein Levels in Spinal Fluid Correlate to Posture and Gait Difficulty in Parkinson's Disease

Citation


Disclaimer: This site does not employ and is not overseen by medical professionals. Content on Disabled World is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. See our Terms of Service for more information.

Reporting Errors: Disabled World is an independent website, your assistance in reporting outdated or inaccurate information is appreciated. If you find an error please let us know.