Screen Readers Skip to Content

List of Kidney Diseases and Conditions

Published: 2018-08-04 - Updated: 2020-03-31
Author: Disabled World | Contact: www.disabled-world.com

Synopsis: List of possible acute and chronic kidney diseases and other medical conditions that can affect human kidney function. Most kidney diseases attack the nephron filters in the kidneys, and the damage can be such as to leave both kidneys unable to remove wastes and toxins. Treatment for chronic kidney disease mainly focuses on slowing the progression of the damage to the kidney - usually by trying to control the underlying cause.

Main Digest

Humans have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. The kidneys are located near the middle of the back - just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney there are tiny structures called nephrons - about a million of them! Their job is to filter all the blood circulating the body. The kidney's remove wastes, toxins, and excess water, which becomes the waste product known as urine. The urine flows from each kidney through tubes called ureters. The urine collects in the bladder, which stores the urine until you pee.


In Other News:


Most kidney diseases attack these nephron filters in the kidneys, and the damage can be such as to leave both kidneys unable to remove wastes and toxins. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or certain medicines. You have a higher risk of kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years.

What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?

More often, kidney function worsens over a number of years. This is known as chronic kidney disease. Sometimes it can progress to end stage kidney disease, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to keep you alive. Treatment for chronic kidney disease mainly focuses on slowing the progression of the damage to the kidney - usually by trying to control the underlying cause. Chronic kidney disease can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which is fatal without artificial filtering (dialysis) or a kidney transplant.

What is Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)?

Acute kidney injury is sudden damage to the kidneys that happens within a few hours, or a few days. Acute kidney injury is also known as acute kidney failure or acute renal failure, and may occur due to damage to the kidney tissue caused by decreased kidney blood flow (kidney ischemia) from any cause (e.g., low blood pressure), exposure to substances and toxins harmful to the kidney, an inflammatory process in the kidney, or an obstruction of the urinary tract that impedes the flow of urine. AKI is a very serious condition and requires immediate medical treatment. In many cases it will be short term but in some people it may lead to long-term chronic kidney disease. Acute kidney injury is more commonly found in patients who are in hospital, intensive care units, or are seniors.

Labeled Cross Section of a Human Kidney

Labeled medical illustration shows cross section of a human kidney - Image Credit: Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site - http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/
Labeled medical illustration shows cross section of a human kidney - Image Credit: Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site - http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/

 

*This list is for informational purposes only and may be outdated, incorrect, or incomplete. Your doctor can do routine blood and urine tests to check if you may have kidney disease.

About Us

Disabled World is an independent disability community established in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, and their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative reviews, exclusive stories and how-tos. You can connect with us on social media such as Twitter and Facebook or learn more about Disabled World on our about us page.

Disclaimer: Disabled World provides general information only. Materials presented are in no way meant to be a substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Any 3rd party offering or advertising on disabled-world.com does not constitute endorsement by Disabled World. View our Advertising Policy for further information. Please report outdated or inaccurate information to us.

Cite Page: Journal: Disabled World. Language: English (U.S.). Author: Disabled World. Electronic Publication Date: 2018-08-04 - Revised: 2020-03-31. Title: List of Kidney Diseases and Conditions, Source: <a href=https://www.disabled-world.com/health/cancer/kidney/aki-ckd.php>List of Kidney Diseases and Conditions</a>. Retrieved 2021-07-27, from https://www.disabled-world.com/health/cancer/kidney/aki-ckd.php - Reference: DW#130-13509.