Liposarcoma: Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis

Author: Thomas C. Weiss
Published: 2015/01/05 - Updated: 2023/01/30
Contents: Summary - Main - Related Publications

Synopsis: Liposarcoma is a malignant tumor that arises in fat cells in deep soft tissue such as inside the thigh or the retroperitoneum, most commonly found in the legs or thighs, abdomen, back, arms, chest, or neck. Liposarcomas most often occurs in people between 50 to 70 years old. They are typically large bulky tumors that tend to have multiple smaller satellites extending beyond the main confines of the tumor. Liposarcomas, like all sarcomas, are rare - around 1 percent of all cancers. There is currently no data that links liposarcomas to alcohol, tobacco, or anything else, and obesity isn't a known risk factor either.

Main Digest

Liposarcoma is a malignant tumor that arises in fat cells in deep soft tissue, such as inside the thigh or retroperitoneum. It is most commonly found in your legs or thighs, but it can also be found in your abdomen, back, arms, chest, and neck.

The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) has included Liposarcoma metastatic or recurrent as a Compassionate Allowance to expedite a disability claim.

Liposarcomas most often occur in people between 50 to 70 years old. They are typically large bulky tumors that tend to have multiple smaller satellites extending beyond the main confines of the tumor.

Liposarcomas more commonly occur in an area of your body that has been injured. You may be at a higher risk if you have previously received radiation treatment. Liposarcomas, like all sarcomas, are rare - around 1 percent of all cancers. There is currently no data that links liposarcomas to alcohol, tobacco, or anything else, and obesity isn't a known risk factor either.

Several subtypes of liposarcoma exist, including

Continued below image.
Left thigh showing edema caused by liposarcoma
Left thigh showing edema caused by liposarcoma
Continued...

Liposarcoma Symptoms

Sarcoma is small and does not produce symptoms in the early stages.

As the tumor grows, it may push aside normal body structures, causing symptoms.

Liposarcomas are usually painless and slow growing. You may be able to see or feel it under your skin. You may have pain if your tumor grows and presses on your nerves and blood vessels.

Retroperitoneal tumors may present themselves with signs of weight loss and emaciation, and abdominal pain. These tumors may also compress the kidney or ureter, leading to kidney failure.

Depending on where the tumor is, you may have any of the following:

A physical exam is the first step in the liposarcoma diagnosis process. Lumps 5cm or larger, deep-seated, firm, and fixed to underlying structures are usually considered suspicious. Imaging tests are the next step and often include an X-ray and an MRI.

There are two main types of biopsy: a needle and a surgical biopsy. The biopsy's location, incision, and technical aspects can affect a patient's treatment options and outcome. Therefore, the biopsy must be planned by a surgeon or radiologist experienced with sarcomas. The results of the biopsy and imaging studies give physicians an idea of the extent of spread, or stage, of the disease that can be used to create a treatment plan.

Liposarcoma Treatment

Liposarcoma Prognosis

The prognosis varies depending on the site of origin, the type of cancer cell, the tumor size, the depth, and proximity to lymph nodes.

Well-differentiated liposarcomas treated with surgery and radiation have a low recurrence rate (about 10%) and rarely metastasize.

Five-year survival rates vary from 100% to 56% based on histological subtype.

Author Credentials:

Thomas C. Weiss is a researcher and editor for Disabled World. Thomas attended college and university courses earning a Masters, Bachelors and two Associate degrees, as well as pursing Disability Studies. As a Nursing Assistant Thomas has assisted people from a variety of racial, religious, gender, class, and age groups by providing care for people with all forms of disabilities from Multiple Sclerosis to Parkinson's; para and quadriplegia to Spina Bifida. Explore Thomas' complete biography for comprehensive insights into his background, expertise, and accomplishments.

📢 Discover Related Topics


👍 Share This Information To:
𝕏.com Facebook Reddit

Page Information, Citing and Disclaimer

Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. You can connect with us on social media such as X.com and our Facebook page.

Cite This Page (APA): Weiss, T. C. (2015, January 5). Liposarcoma: Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis. Disabled World. Retrieved April 15, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/health/cancer/liposarcomas.php

Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/health/cancer/liposarcomas.php">Liposarcoma: Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis</a>: Liposarcoma is a malignant tumor that arises in fat cells in deep soft tissue such as inside the thigh or the retroperitoneum, most commonly found in the legs or thighs, abdomen, back, arms, chest, or neck.

Disabled World provides general information only. Materials presented are never meant to substitute for qualified professional medical care. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.