Thyroid Cancer: Types and General Information
NOTE: This article is over 3 years old and may not reflect current information, despite the page being updated. It may still be useful for research but should be verified for accuracy and relevance.
Published: 2009-04-05 - Updated: 2023-02-01
Author: Disabled World | Contact: Disabled World (Disabled-World.com)
Peer-Reviewed Publication: N/A
Library of Related Papers: Cancer and Tumors Publications
Synopsis: Thyroid Cancer forms in the thyroid gland, an organ at the base of the throat that makes hormones that help control heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma makes up about 2 percent of all thyroid cancers. It begins in the follicular cells of the thyroid. The cancer cells tend to grow and spread very quickly. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is tough to control. The choice of treatment depends on the type of thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular, medullary, or anaplastic), the size of the nodule, the individual's age, and whether cancer has spread.
Thyroid Cancer alternate names: Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer.
Early thyroid cancer often does not have symptoms. But as cancer grows, symptoms may include a lump in the front of the neck; hoarseness or voice changes; swollen lymph nodes in the neck; trouble swallowing or breathing; and pain in the throat or neck that does not go away.
The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) has included Thyroid Cancer as a Compassionate Allowance to expedite a disability claim.
Four main types of thyroid cancer are:
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer
The four types are based on how the cancer cells look under a microscope.
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma makes up about 2 percent of all thyroid cancers. It begins in the follicular cells of the thyroid. The cancer cells tend to grow and spread very quickly. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is tough to control. Median survival is usually 4-5 months from the time of diagnosis.
Diagnostic testing should include a history and physical exam to detect growths or swelling in the lymph nodes; blood tests to detect abnormal levels of TSH; ultrasound to detect thyroid nodules that are too small to be felt; thyroid scan and biopsy. A biopsy is the only sure way to diagnose thyroid cancer.
People with thyroid cancer have many treatment options. Treatment usually begins within a few weeks after the diagnosis. The choice of treatment depends on the type of thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular, medullary, or anaplastic), the size of the nodule, the individual's age, and whether cancer has spread.
Cancer may be treated with surgery, thyroid hormone treatment, radioactive iodine therapy, external radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. Most individuals receive a combination of treatments.
Disabled World is an independent disability community established in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative news, reviews, sports, stories and how-tos. You can also connect with us on Twitter and Facebook or learn more on our about us page.
Disabled World provides general information only. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Financial support is derived from advertisements or referral programs, where indicated. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.
• Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2009, April 5). Thyroid Cancer: Types and General Information. Disabled World. Retrieved June 1, 2023 from www.disabled-world.com/health/cancer/thyroid-cancer.php
• Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/health/cancer/thyroid-cancer.php">Thyroid Cancer: Types and General Information</a>