Cardiovascular Disease: Information, News and Research

Author: Disabled World
Updated/Revised Date: 2022/04/11
Contents: Main - Subtopics - Publications

Synopsis: Information on cardiovascular diseases, defined as diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels of the human body. Cardiovascular disease is the number one health problem in Western society. It is the leading cause of death for over one million people each year in the United States. These problems include heart attacks, strokes, arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, ischemia, hypertension, angina, and other dysfunctions.

Main Document

What are Cardiovascular Diseases?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Common CVDs include: ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease (RHD), aortic aneurysms, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, congenital heart disease, endocarditis, and peripheral artery disease (PAD), among others. Cardiovascular disease is currently the number one cause of death and disability in the United States and most European countries.

A definition of cardiovascular disease doesn't include an age. In fact, early signs of cardiovascular disease have been noted during surgeries performed on young soldiers wounded in battle. It has been estimated that plaque build-up was seen in the arteries of nearly 90% of the troops wounded in Vietnam. That's pretty spectacular when one considers that these soldiers were in their teens and early twenties. So, we need to take a good look at exactly what cardiovascular disease is, what causes it, and how we can prevent it.

The term 'cardiovascular disease' is used to cover a group of problems related to the heart or the body's overall circulatory system. These issues include heart attacks, strokes, arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, ischemia, hypertension, angina, and other dysfunctions.

Cardiovascular disease is the number one health concern in Western society. It is the leading cause of death for over one million people each year in the United States. It is estimated that over 50 million Americans currently have cardiovascular disease, although many will not know it because they have no symptoms yet. In fact, 25% of the people who have heart attacks had no symptoms before the incident.

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Fig. 1 - Labeled diagram showing veins and arteries of the human circulatory system.
Fig. 1 - Labeled diagram showing veins and arteries of the human circulatory system.
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Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

If you answered yes to one or more of the above, you should talk to your doctor about how you can reduce your risk through lifestyle modifications. Your doctor will determine if preventative therapies such as ASPIRIN 81 mg are right for you. Following cigarette smoking, the major factor that contributes to heart disease is one's diet. There are several dietary changes that can help prevent the onset of heart disease:

The best changes to make for preventing heart disease are:

Symptoms of a Heart Attack Can Include:

Symptoms of a Stroke

The brain requires unobstructed blood flow to nourish its many functions. Very high, sustained blood pressure will eventually cause blood vessels to weaken. Over time, these weaken vessels can break, and blood will leak into the brain. The area of the brain that is being fed by these broken vessels start to die, and this will cause a stroke. Additionally, if a blot clot blocks a narrowed artery, blood ceases to flow and a stroke will occur.

Symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body, confusion, trouble speaking, or seeing, sudden severe headache. Often, there are no symptoms of the underlying disease of the blood vessels. A heart attack or stroke may be the first warning of underlying disease. Common symptoms of a stroke can include:

Other symptoms include sudden onset of:

Symptoms of rheumatic heart disease include:

Symptoms of rheumatic fever include:

If you or someone with you has one or more of these signs, don't delay, call 911.

Common Heart Disease Terms

By the time that heart problems are detected, the underlying cause (atherosclerosis) is usually quite advanced, having progressed for decades. There is therefore increased emphasis on preventing atherosclerosis by modifying risk factors, such as healthy eating, exercise and avoidance of smoking.

Subtopics


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Page Information, Citing and Disclaimer

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Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2022, April 11). Cardiovascular Disease: Information, News and Research. Disabled World. Retrieved April 16, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/health/cardiovascular/

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