The awareness ribbon color for Diabetes was gray, however more commonly diabetes is now symbolized by the blue circle, as designated by the International Diabetes Federation.
American Diabetes Month takes place each November, and November 14 is declared World Diabetes Day (WDD). Led by the International Diabetes Federation, the day unites the global diabetes community to produce a powerful voice for diabetes awareness and advocacy.
Quick Facts: Diabetes
- There is no known preventive measure for type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can often be prevented by a person being a normal body weight, physical exercise, and following a healthful diet.
- A pancreas transplant is occasionally considered for people with type 1 diabetes who have severe complications of their disease, including end stage kidney disease requiring kidney transplantation.
- All forms of diabetes increase the risk of long-term complications. These typically develop after many years (10 to 20), but may be the first symptom in those who have otherwise not received a diagnosis before that time.
- Prediabetes indicates a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 DM. Many people destined to develop type 2 DM spend many years in a state of pre-diabetes.
- Symptoms of untreated diabetes are weight loss, polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia (increased hunger). Symptoms may develop rapidly (weeks or months) in type 1 diabetes, while they usually develop much more slowly and may be subtle or absent in type 2 diabetes.
Blood Sugar Levels Including Printable Chart - Thomas C. Weiss - (2014-03-27)
Low Glycemic Index Foods for Breakfast to Control Daily Blood Sugar - Institute of Food Science & Technology - (2012-04-04)
Statistics: U.S. Diabetes
- In 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population, had diabetes.
- Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes.
- The incidence of diabetes in 2012 was 1.7 million new diagnoses/year; in 2010 it was 1.9 million.
- In 2012, 86 million Americans age 20 and older had pre-diabetes; this is up from 79 million in 2010.
- Undiagnosed: Of the 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed, and 8.1 million were undiagnosed.
- The percentage of Americans age 65 and older remains high, at 25.9%, or 11.8 million seniors (diagnosed and undiagnosed).
- Men are at slightly higher risk of developing diabetes than women, but age, excess weight (particularly around the waist), family history, physical inactivity, and poor diet are also significant risk factors for the illness.
- Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, with 69,071 death certificates listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of 234,051 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.
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