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Baby Making Science a Mystery for Many Women

Published: 2014-01-30 - Updated: 2021-02-11
Author: Yale University | Contact: Karen N. Peart - karen.peart@yale.edu - Ph. 203-432-1326

Synopsis: Study by Yale School of Medicine researchers provides insight into how much women of reproductive age in the United States know about reproductive health. The major findings by Illuzzi and colleagues include: 40% of the reproductive-age women surveyed expressed concern about their ability to conceive. More than 25% were unaware of the adverse implications of sexually transmitted infections, obesity, smoking, or irregular menses on fertility.

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Published in the Jan. 27 issue of Fertility & Sterility, the study found that about 50% of reproductive-age women had never discussed their reproductive health with a medical provider and about 30% visited their reproductive health provider less than once a year or never.


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The study is based on an online anonymized survey conducted in March 2013 of 1,000 women between the ages of 18 and 40 representing all ethnic and geographic regions of the U.S. census. The survey included questions to assess knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices regarding conception, pregnancy, and basic reproductive health-related concepts.

"This study, on one hand, brings to the forefront gaps in women's knowledge about their reproductive health, and on the other, highlights women's concerns that are often not discussed with health providers," said senior author Jessica Illuzzi, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine. "It is important that these conversations happen in this ever-changing family landscape."

The major findings by Illuzzi and colleagues include: 40% of the reproductive-age women surveyed expressed concern about their ability to conceive.

Illuzzi said the survey also revealed some mis-perceptions about optimizing conception. Half of the respondents believed that having sex more than once per day would increase their chances of conception, while separately, more than one-third believed that specific sexual positions and elevating the pelvis would similarly increase their success with achieving pregnancy. Only 10% of women in the survey were aware that intercourse needed to occur before ovulation, rather than after, to optimize conception.

Co-author Lubna Pal, associate professor in the section of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at Yale, noted;

"We found that 40% of women in the survey believed that their ovaries continue to produce new eggs during reproductive years. This mis-perception is of particular concern, especially so in a society where women are increasingly delaying pregnancy."

Other authors on the study include first author Lisbet S. Lundsberg, Aileen M. Gariepy, M.D., Xiao Xu, and Micheline C. Chu, M.D. The study was supported by an unrestricted educational grant by Church and Dwight, Co., Inc., manufacturers of FIRST RESPONSE. Citation: Fertility & Sterility doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.11.033

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Baby Making Science a Mystery for Many Women | Yale University (Karen N. Peart - karen.peart@yale.edu - Ph. 203-432-1326). Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith. Content may have been edited for style, clarity or length.

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Cite Page: Journal: Disabled World. Language: English (U.S.). Author: Yale University. Electronic Publication Date: 2014-01-30 - Revised: 2021-02-11. Title: Baby Making Science a Mystery for Many Women, Source: <a href=https://www.disabled-world.com/health/female/pregnancy/women.php>Baby Making Science a Mystery for Many Women</a>. Retrieved 2021-08-02, from https://www.disabled-world.com/health/female/pregnancy/women.php - Reference: DW#447-10081.