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COVID-19 Novel Coronavirus Information

Author: Disabled World : Contact: www.disabled-world.com

Published: 2020-01-29 : (Rev. 2020-04-21)

Synopsis:

Information regarding new novel Coronavirus - 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) - currently causing an major outbreak of respiratory illnesses worldwide.

Key Points:

Main Digest

What is a Novel Coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS and SARS. At this time, it's unclear how easily or sustainably the COVID-19 virus is spreading between people.

COVID-19 Coronavirus: Updates - Warnings - Statistics

COVID-19 is now the official name for the 2019-nCoV disease. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has now identified an official name for the coronavirus previously known as: 2019_nCoV or nCoV19 and nCoV2019. The official name now is: COVID19. The name was adopted by a group of virologists who examined the taxonomy of this virus and followed WHO's naming guidance.

COVID-19

CO = Corona
VI = Virus
D = Disease
19 = Year the outbreak was first identified

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a coronavirus virus identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak in Wuhan, China reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread is occurring.

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus is not the same as the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) or the coronavirus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). However, genetic analyses suggest this virus may have emerged from a virus related to SARS.

Coronavirus as seen under an electron microscope showing the Coronaviruses unique halo, or crown-like (corona) appearance.
Coronavirus as seen under an electron microscope showing the Coronaviruses unique halo, or crown-like (corona) appearance.

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Symptoms

The U.S. CDC believes at this time that symptoms of COVID-19 may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 after exposure. Fourteen (14) days is the longest known incubation period for this disease. Symptoms of COVID-19 can include:

People infected with COVID-19 may have little to no symptoms. You may not even know you have symptoms of COVID-19 because they are similar to a cold or flu.

The main symptoms for COVID-19 are fever, cough (dry and persistent) and shortness of breath, not due to a known chronic disease like COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), bronchial asthma or heart failure.

Other atypical symptoms could be headache, sore throat, nausea, diarrhea, muscle pain or joint pain, nausea or vomiting, nasal congestion, haemoptysis conjunctival congestion.

Approximately, 90% of patients have more than one symptom, and 15% of patients have fever, cough, and dyspnoea.

Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal.

Older people, and people with other medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease), may be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill.

Coronavirus infections are diagnosed by a health care provider based on symptoms and are confirmed through laboratory tests.

Illustration of the human body outlining the main symptoms of Coronavirus COVID-19. Symptoms listed are - Systemic: Fever, Fatigue. Kidneys: Decreased function. Intestines: Diarrhea. Respiratory: Sneezing, Runny nose, Sore throat, Dry cough, Shortness of breath. Circulatory system: Decreased white blood cells.
Illustration of the human body outlining the main symptoms of Coronavirus COVID-19. Symptoms listed are - Systemic: Fever, Fatigue. Kidneys: Decreased function. Intestines: Diarrhea. Respiratory: Sneezing, Runny nose, Sore throat, Dry cough, Shortness of breath. Circulatory system: Decreased white blood cells.

Prevention and Recommendations

Treatment for COVID-19

There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment to prevent COVID-19 infection. People infected should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms.

Health care providers should obtain a detailed travel history for patients being evaluated with fever and acute respiratory illness. CDC guidance for evaluating and reporting a PUI for MERS-CoV remains unchanged. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.

People who think they may have been exposed to COVID-19 should contact your healthcare provider immediately! Before your medical appointment, call the healthcare provider and tell them that you have, or are being evaluated for, COVID-19 infection. This will help the healthcare provider's office take steps to keep other people from getting infected. Get medical care quickly if your illness is getting worse, for example if you are having trouble breathing. For further information and COVID-19 updates visit: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html

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