Wuhan 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
Author: Disabled World
Contact : www.disabled-world.com
Published: Wednesday, 29th January 2020 (4 weeks ago) - Updated: Friday, 31st January 2020 (4 weeks ago) .
Information regarding new novel coronavirus, referred to as 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), reported as causing outbreak of respiratory illnesses in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and early 2020.
Current symptoms reported for patients with 2019-nCoV have included mild to severe respiratory illness with fever, cough, and difficulty breathing.
The U.S. CDC believes at this time that symptoms of 2019-nCoV may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 after exposure.
What is a Novel Coronavirus?
A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS and SARS. At this time, it's unclear how easily or sustainably the 2019-nCoV virus is spreading between people.
2019 World Coronavirus: Updates - Warnings - Statistics
The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a coronavirus virus identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak in Wuhan, China reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread is occurring.
The 2019 Novel Coronavirus is not the same as the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) or the coronavirus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). However, genetic analyses suggest this virus may have emerged from a virus related to SARS.
Coronavirus as seen under an electron microscope showing the Coronaviruses unique halo, or crown-like (corona) appearance.
2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Symptoms
Current symptoms reported for patients with 2019-nCoV have included mild to severe respiratory illness with fever, cough, and difficulty breathing. Reported illnesses have ranged from people being mildly sick to people being severely ill and dying. As it is early in the outbreak stage of this new disease, the current mortality rate approximation - of about 3% - may go up or down.
The U.S. CDC believes at this time that symptoms of 2019-nCoV may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 after exposure. Symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath
- Pneumonia and/or kidney failure
- Fever - NOTE: Fever may not be present in some patients, such as those who are very young, elderly, immunosuppressed, or taking certain fever-lowering medications.
Prevention and Recommendations
- The U.S. CDC recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of all respiratory viruses, including:
- Stay home when you are sick: You should not leave your home, except to get medical care. Do not go to work, school, or public areas, and do not use public transportation or taxis.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick: Stay in a different room from other people in your home. Use a separate bathroom, if available.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces. Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people. After using items, you should wash them thoroughly with soap and water.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or you can cough or sneeze into your sleeve. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can, and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. Wear a facemask when you are in a room with other people and when you visit a healthcare provider. If you cannot wear a facemask, the people who live with you should wear one while they are in the same room with you.
- Do not handle pets or animals while sick. Although there have not been reports of pets or other animals becoming sick with 2019-nCoV, several types of coronaviruses can cause illness in animals and spread between animals and people. Wear a facemask if you must be around animals or care for a pet.
Treatment for 2019-nCoV
There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment to prevent 2019-nCoV infection. People infected should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms.
Health care providers should obtain a detailed travel history for patients being evaluated with fever and acute respiratory illness. CDC guidance for evaluating and reporting a PUI for MERS-CoV remains unchanged. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.
People who think they may have been exposed to 2019-nCoV should contact your healthcare provider immediately! Before your medical appointment, call the healthcare provider and tell them that you have, or are being evaluated for, 2019-nCoV infection. This will help the healthcare provider's office take steps to keep other people from getting infected. Get medical care quickly if your illness is getting worse, for example if you are having trouble breathing.
For further information and 2019-nCoV updates visit: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html
- 1 - COVID-19 and Coronaviruses: Questions and Answers | Disabled World (2020-02-20 11:58:00)
- 2 - SARS-like Coronavirus Found in Chinese Horseshoe Bats | EcoHealth Alliance (2013-10-31 07:41:00)
- 3 - 2019-nCoV Coronavirus Detected in U.S. - First Travel Related Case | U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2020-01-24 18:13:00)
- 4 - Wuhan 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) | Disabled World (2020-01-29 15:24:00)
- 5 - Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) | Disabled World (2009-06-21 11:13:00)
- 6 - Potential for MERS Coronavirus to Spread Internationally | St. Michael's Hospital - Toronto, Ontario, Canada (2013-07-21 10:53:00)
- 7 - New SARS-like Virus WIV1-CoV May Cause Outbreak in Humans | University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (2016-03-15 08:42:00)