A list of recommended health and medical checks that should be performed by men at various age groups.
Regular health check-ups are important for men. Even in the absence of symptoms, many physicians recommend routine, yearly doctor visits and physicals for males of all ages. Men have always seemed reluctant to pay a visit to the doctor, however getting a regular physical exam, or check up, is a sure way to prevent health problems before they develop into serious health issues.
Physicians integrate the information you provide from your symptoms, past health problems, physical examination and testing to detect disease or a risk of disease. If you feel well and have a normal exam, it's likely you are healthy. Unfortunately, many conditions can escape detection even with the best medical care. Which exams and screenings you need depends on your age, health and family history, and lifestyle choices such as what you eat, how active you are, and whether you smoke.
You can get some screenings, such as blood pressure readings, in your doctor's office. Others such as colonoscopy, a test for colorectal cancer, need special equipment, so you may need to go to a different office. Executive medical check ups usually require you to stay in hospital overnight. Tests will be conducted on your entire body to make sure that there are no problems and that you are healthy.
Before your examination your doctor may advise you not to eat anything solid for about 24 hours so that certain tests can be performed. The tests will include x-rays of certain areas in your body, urinalysis, stool sample, blood sample and a lot more. During the tests, the doctor may ask you some questions. If you have any concerns or are experiencing something out of the ordinary, you can tell your doctor so that certain tests can be conducted. Certain medical medicines may be prescribed if you have any ailments.
Your health care provider will perform a physical exam and check your blood pressure. Your blood pressure should be checked during every visit to your doctor. Checking it at your yearly checkup will set a baseline.
Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. If you have heart or kidney problems, or if you had a stroke, your doctor may want your blood pressure to be even lower than that of people who do not have these conditions. You are more likely to be told your blood pressure is too high as you get older. This is because your blood vessels become stiffer as you age. When that happens, your blood pressure goes up. High blood pressure increases your chance of having a stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, and early death.
With today's diet and lifestyle your regular doctor check up should include a cholesterol level test. If your cholesterol is found to be high there are steps you can take to improve their cholesterol levels, and help prevent heart disease and heart attack. The medical term for high blood cholesterol and triglycerides is lipid disorder. Such a disorder occurs when you have too many fatty substances in your blood. These substances include cholesterol and triglycerides.
Starting at age 50, males should have a digital exam of their prostate. The physician uses a gloved finger in the rectum to determine if there is any enlargement of the prostate. Enlargement could indicate benign enlargement or even cancer.
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a blood test that can be helpful in detecting prostate cancer. There is some controversy, however, about the value of the PSA test and whether is should be done routinely for men over a certain age. Ask your health care provider whether he/she recommends a PSA in your specific situation.
Colorectal cancer almost always develops from precancerous polyps (abnormal growths) in the colon or rectum. Colonoscopy and screening tests can find precancerous polyps, so that they can be removed before they turn into cancer. Screening tests can also find colorectal cancer early, when treatment works best.
A Fecal Occult Blood Test should also be done yearly as blood in the stool can be an early indication of colorectal cancer.
In addition if you are under 40, your doctor will give you a testicular exam. He may also probably ask you to turn your head and cough while he holds onto your testicles to check if you have a hernia.
In addition to seeing the health care provider regularly, you should try to maintain your weight at a comfortable, health level and do frequent physical activity or get regular exercise. The best way to learn if you are overweight or obese is to find your Body Mass Index (BMI). You can find your BMI by entering your height and weight into a BMI calculator. A BMI between 18.5 and 25 indicates a normal weight. Persons with a BMI of 30 or higher may be obese.
It is important for men to have eye exams on a regular basis to check for certain problems. Your eye test may take from half an hour to an hour. It will evaluate both your vision and the health of your eyes. Regular eye exams are critical for detecting conditions such as: Glaucoma, Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), Cataracts, and Diabetic retinopathy. When you attend your eye test, take your glasses and/or contact lenses, if you use them, and sunglasses for the trip home as your pupils may be dilated.
A dental examination, also called an intra-oral examination, includes an inspection of your teeth and surrounding tissues of the oral cavity including; all surfaces of the tongue, the salivary glands and ducts, and the lymph nodes of the neck. Regular dental examinations (ideally every 6 months) are very important and help you to maintain a healthy mouth. The process allows the dentist to check for early signs of dental problems, such as decay or gum diseases like periodontal disease. A complete dental exam should also consist of a complete series of x-rays.