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Autism: Symptoms, Facts, Treatment, Research News

Updated/Revised Date: 2022-04-12
Author: Disabled World | Contact: Disabled World (Disabled-World.com)
Additional References: Autism Information Publications

Synopsis: Autism is a brain development disorder often characterized by impaired social interaction communication, restricted repetitive behavior among other factors. The number of people diagnosed with autism has been increasing dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice and government-subsidized financial incentives for named diagnoses. Proposed causes, such as childhood vaccines, are controversial, and the vaccine hypotheses lack any convincing scientific evidence.

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Main Document

Autism is a brain development disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all starting before a child is three years old. This set of signs distinguishes autism from milder autism spectrum disorders (ASD) such as pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).

Autism falls under the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders, which includes disorders like Rett Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and then autism is then divided up in many subtypes including Asperger's Syndrome.

For reasons as yet unidentified, autism has become an epidemic in America over the last couple of decades. While considerable controversy surrounds the issue of why this condition is escalating so rapidly, the number of children diagnosed with autism has risen from one in 2,000 to one in 59 today. Other proposed causes, such as childhood vaccines, are controversial, and the vaccine hypotheses lack any convincing scientific evidence.

Autism and ADHD could present with each other or with a variety of other conditions - but they do not "typically" present together. Some autism symptoms could appear like inattention. You should not easily confuse someone with ADHD with someone with autism, as their functioning and behavior are different. Autistic individuals display many forms of repetitive or restricted behavior, which the Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised (RBS-R) categorizes as follows:

No single repetitive behavior appears to be specific to autism, but only autism appears to have an elevated pattern of occurrence and severity of these behaviors. Early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help children gain self-care, social, and communication skills. There is no currently no known cure for autism.

A blurred shot of a child playing the piano.A blurred shot of a child playing the piano.

Children and Adults with ASD May:

Common Autistic Traits

Behaviorally, certain characteristics identify the autism spectrum. The number of autistic traits present determines the severity of autism in the individual. These autistic traits may be beneficial for some disciplines like science, mathematics, engineering.

Social Impairment

Language Impairment

Imaginative Impairment and Repetitive Adherence

Sensory Integration Dysfunction

Autism Statistics

The number of people diagnosed has been increasing dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice and government-subsidized financial incentives for named diagnoses; whether actual rates have increased is unresolved.

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Subtopics and Associated Subjects


Latest Autism Information Publications
Autistics Not Indifferent Nor Hypo-sensitive to Pain thumbnail image.
The study questions the perception that people with autism experience less pain and instead suggests that they may have enhanced pain sensitivity.
Author: Wolters Kluwer Health
Publish Date: 2022-11-30
Top2A Gene Could be Key to Understanding Autism thumbnail image.
This study helps us understand at the molecular level why sociability is disrupted during the very earliest stages of life.
Author: University of Utah Health
Publish Date: 2022-11-26

Study finds connections between genetic factors in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with Mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell, identified as one point of convergence.
Author: University Health Network
Publish Date: 2022-11-22

New research findings of one genetic risk for autism supports the idea that loss of a specific gene interferes with cells in the brain whose role is to inhibit signaling.
Author: Ohio State University
Publish Date: 2022-11-15

Additional Pain: Acute and Chronic Publications

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Disabled World provides general information only. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Financial support is derived from advertisements or referral programs, where indicated. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.


Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2022, April 12). Autism: Symptoms, Facts, Treatment, Research News. Disabled World. Retrieved December 3, 2022 from www.disabled-world.com/health/neurology/autism/

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