"A person with high-functioning autism usually has average or above average intelligence."
Autism is a general term used to describe a group of complex developmental brain disorders - autism spectrum disorders - caused by a combination of genes and environmental influences. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by communication difficulties, social and behavioral challenges, as well as repetitive behaviors. An estimated one in 88 children in the U.S. is on the autism spectrum - a 78 percent increase in six years that is only partly explained by improved diagnosis.
Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all starting before a child is three years old. This set of signs distinguishes autism from milder autism spectrum disorders (ASD) such as pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
High-functioning autism (HFA) is an informal term applied to autistic people who are deemed to be "higher functioning" than other autistic people, by one or more metrics. There is no consensus as to the definition. HFA is not yet a recognized diagnosis in the DSM-IV-TR or the ICD-10.
A person with high-functioning autism usually has average or above average intelligence. The differences from other forms of autism have led many psychiatrists to consider high-functioning autism as similar to or the same as Asperger's syndrome. However, the amount of overlap between HFA and Asperger syndrome is disputed. Some researchers argue that the two are distinct diagnostic entities, others argue that they are indistinguishable. (Famous People with Aspergers Syndrome)
|Famous People With or Had Autism|
|50 Tyson - rapper and autism activist|
|Albert Einstein - Einstein had difficulty with social interactions, was very intelligent but had difficulty learning in school.|
|Alexis Wineman - The first Miss America contestant with autism to compete in the Miss Montana pageant.|
|Alonzo Clemons - American clay sculptor|
|Amadeus Mozart - Famous musician.|
|Amanda Baggs - advocate of rights for autistic people|
|Bhumi Jensen - grandson of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand|
|Birger Sellin - German author|
|Christopher Knowles - American poet|
|Daniel Tammet - British autistic savant|
|Daryl Hannah - The actress talked to People Magazine about being diagnosed with autism as a child, and how it contributed to a fear of fame as an adult.|
|Derek Paravicini - blind British musician|
|Elisabeth Hughes - Author|
|Evgeny Kissin - Russian pianist|
|Gary Numan - Singer and songwriter|
|Henriett Seth F. - Hungarian autistic savant, poet, writer and artist|
|James Durbin - American Idol front-runner|
|James Hobley - British dancer and 2011 Britain's Got Talent finalist|
|James Henry Pullen - gifted British carpenter|
|Jason McElwain - high school basketball player|
|Jessica-Jane Applegate - Paralympic swimmer|
|Jonathan Jayne - contestant on American Idol|
|Jonathan Lerman - American artist|
|Leslie Lemke - blind American musician|
|Luca Brecel - Belgian professional snooker player.|
|Lucy Blackman - university educated author|
|Marty Balin - singer and songwriter with Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship|
|Matthew Laborteaux - Actor|
|Matt Savage - U.S. jazz prodigy|
|Peter Tork - Musician|
|Richard Wawro - Scottish artist|
|Stephen Wiltshire - British architectural artist|
|Temple Grandin - The Colorado State University calls her "the most accomplished and well-known adult with autism in the world."|
|Thristan Mendoza - Filipino marimba prodigy|
|Tito Mukhopadhyay - author, poet, and philosopher|
|Todd Hodgetts - Paralympic shot putter|
|Tony DeBlois - blind American musician|
|Vincent Philip D'Onofrio - (born June 30, 1959) is an American actor, director, film producer, writer, and singer. He is known for his roles as Private Leonard Lawrence (Gomer Pyle) in the war film Full Metal Jacket, "Edgar" in Men in Black and Detective Robert Goren in the crime TV series Law & Order: Criminal Intent. In this YouTube video (www.youtube.com/watchv=WvI6pMyAMHk&feature=youtu.be) Vincent relates his personal struggles with autism and dyslexia and his autism advocacy efforts.|
|Famous People with High-functioning autism|
|Caiseal Mor - author, musician, and artist|
|Courtney Love - frontwoman of Hole|
|Dylan Scott Pierce - wildlife illustrator|
|Hikari Oe - Japanese composer|
|Jim Sinclair - autism rights activist|
|Michelle Dawson - autism researcher and autism rights activist|
|Temple Grandin - food animal handling systems designer and author|
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