Screen Readers Skip to Content

Epilepsy: Epileptic Seizure Types and Information

Updated/Revised Date: 2022-04-12
Author: Disabled World | Contact: Disabled World (Disabled-World.com)
Additional References: Epilepsy Information Publications

Synopsis: Information on epilepsy, a chronic neurological disorder of the brain that causes a tendency to have recurrent seizures. Epilepsy is one of the most common of the serious neurological disorders. Genetic, congenital, and developmental conditions are mostly associated with it among younger patients; tumors are more likely over age 40; head trauma and central nervous system infections may occur at any age. Seizure types are organized firstly according to whether the source of the seizure within the brain is localized (partial or focal onset seizures) or distributed (generalized seizures).

advertisements

Main Document

Approximately 2 million people in the United States have epilepsy, a chronic disorder of the brain that causes a tendency to have recurrent seizures. Two or more seizures must occur before a person can receive the diagnosis of epilepsy, also known as a seizure disorder. The onset of epilepsy is most common during childhood and after age 65, but the condition can occur at any age.

Epilepsy is one of the most common of the serious neurological disorders. Genetic, congenital, and developmental conditions are mostly associated with it among younger patients; tumors are more likely over age 40; head trauma and central nervous system infections may occur at any age.

It's not uncommon for children to have a single seizure, and an estimated 5 percent to 10 percent of the population will experience a seizure at some time in their life. Seizures occur when there's a sudden change in the normal way your brain cells communicate through electrical signals.

Seizure types are organized firstly according to whether the source of the seizure within the brain is localized (partial or focal onset seizures) or distributed (generalized seizures). Partial seizures are further divided on the extent to which consciousness is affected.

Epilepsy Seizure Types

During a seizure, some brain cells send abnormal signals, which stop other cells from working properly. This abnormality may cause temporary changes in sensation, behavior, movement, or consciousness.

How to Help a Person Having an Epileptic fit or Seizure

The response to a generalized tonic-clonic epileptic seizure is simply to prevent the patient from self-injury by moving him or her away from sharp edges, placing something soft beneath the head, and carefully rolling the person into the recovery position to avoid asphyxiation.

In some cases, the person may seem to start snoring loudly following a seizure, before coming to. This merely indicates that the person is beginning to breathe properly and does not mean he or she is suffocating.

Should the person regurgitate, the material should be allowed to drip out the side of the person's mouth by itself.

If a seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes, or if the seizures begin coming in 'waves' one after the other - then Emergency Services should be contacted immediately.

Examples of provocants include reading, hot water on the head, hyperventilation, and flashing or flickering lights.

Treatments may be able to leave you free of seizures, or at least reduce their frequency and intensity.

Post to Twitter Add to Facebook

Subtopics and Associated Subjects


Latest Epilepsy Information Publications

According to new research epilepsy is associated with thickness and volume differences in the grey matter of several brain regions.
Author: University College London
Publish Date: 2018-01-23
Epileptic Seizures and Depression May Share Common Genetic Cause thumbnail image.
Evidence that seizures and mood disorders such as depression may share the same genetic cause in some people with epilepsy.
Author: Rutgers University
Publish Date: 2018-01-14

A recent study examining children with epileptic encephalopathy and their parents could lead to the development of a more rational anti-epileptic treatment strategy.
Author: University of Montreal
Publish Date: 2017-11-10

Guideline recommends health professionals tell people with epilepsy that controlling seizures, especially tonic-clonic seizures, may reduce risk of SUDEP.
Author: American Academy of Neurology
Publish Date: 2017-04-26

Additional Pain: Acute and Chronic Publications

Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative reviews, exclusive stories and how-tos. You can connect with us on social media such as Twitter and Facebook or learn more about Disabled World on our about us page.

Disabled World provides general information only. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Financial support is derived from advertisements or referral programs, where indicated. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.


Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2022, April 12). Epilepsy: Epileptic Seizure Types and Information. Disabled World. Retrieved December 9, 2022 from www.disabled-world.com/health/neurology/epilepsy/

Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/health/neurology/epilepsy/">Epilepsy: Epileptic Seizure Types and Information</a>