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Restless Legs Syndrome Medication Treatment

Published: 2010-04-14 - Updated: 2021-12-10
Author: UCB | Contact: ucb.com
Peer-Reviewed Publication: N/A

Synopsis: Study of rotigotine in patients with moderate to severe RLS was the longest ever open label prospective follow-up of a placebo-controlled phase II trial in RLS. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by unpleasant sensations in the legs and an uncontrollable urge to move when at rest in order to relieve these feelings. It effects between 3 and 10% of the population to some extent. New data presented at the 62nd American Academy of Neurology annual meeting in Toronto, Canada, showed that patients with moderate to severe Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) using rotigotine achieved sustained improvements in symptoms over 5 years of treatment.

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Main Digest

New data show sustained 5-year benefit of Neupro (Rotigotine Transdermal System) for symptoms of restless legs syndrome.

This article is part our digest of 9 publications relating to Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) that include:

What is Restless Legs Syndrome?

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder characterized by unpleasant sensations in the legs and an uncontrollable urge to move when at rest in order to relieve these feelings. It effects between 3 and 10% of the population to some extent. Some researchers estimate that RLS affects as many as 12 million Americans. However, others estimate a much higher occurrence because RLS is thought to be under-diagnosed and in some cases mis-diagnosed. Most people with RLS have difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. Left untreated the condition causes exhaustion and daytime fatigue. Many people with RLS report that their job, personal relations and activities of daily living are strongly affected as a result of their exhaustion. They are often unable to concentrate, have impaired memory, or fail to accomplish daily tasks. More than 80% of people with RLS also experience a more common condition known as periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD).

The Study

New data presented at the 62nd American Academy of Neurology annual meeting in Toronto, Canada, showed that patients with moderate to severe Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) using rotigotine achieved sustained improvements in symptoms over 5 years of treatment.

"Many people with RLS will have spent months or years trying to get a diagnosis and find a treatment that can help them. So these 5-year results provide additional evidence that, once they start using rotigotine, people with RLS may experience long term relief from their symptoms, and a significant proportion may become symptom free," said Diego Garcia-Borreguero, MD, Director Sleep Research Institute, Madrid, Spain.

This study of rotigotine in patients with moderate to severe RLS was the longest ever open label prospective follow-up of a placebo-controlled phase II trial in RLS. The final 5-year results confirm the safety and efficacy of rotigotine seen at previous interim analyses, with over a third of patients followed up remaining symptom free after 5 years of treatment.

Of the 295 patients with moderate to severe RLS who entered the study, 126 (43%) completed the 5-year follow up. The mean dose of rotigotine was 2.43mg/24 hours after initial titration and 3.09mg/24 hours at the end of the study. Fifty nine percent of patients were classified as remitters (IRLS less than or equal to 10), and 39% as symptom-free (IRLS=0).

The study looked at improvement in symptoms based on the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Rating Scale (IRLS)*. The total IRLS score ranges from 0 (no symptoms) to 40 (very severe symptoms). A score of >20 indicates severe RLS. The mean IRLS score was 27.8 at baseline, improving by 18.7 points to 9.0 at the end of the study. Sustained improvements were also seen in quality of life and other RLS rating scales.

Most adverse events (AEs) were mild to moderate in intensity, the most common AEs being application site reactions (58%), nasopharyngitis (19%), back pain (14%), nausea (12%) and fatigue (11%). Thirty percent of patients discontinued the study due to an AE.

A comparison of 1, 2 and 5-year efficacy data (with 220, 191 and 126 patients respectively) showed that improvements in RLS symptoms remained stable throughout the follow-up period. Improvements in IRLS scores were 17.4 points at 1 year, 17.2 points at 2 years, and 18.7 points at 5 years.

The International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Rating Scale (IRLS) is a 10-item scale developed and validated by The International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group and considered to be the best scale for evaluating the severity and frequency of RLS symptoms and the degree to which they affect sleep and daily life. It is administered by clinicians and includes questions related to the severity of sensory and motor symptoms, sleep disturbance, daytime somnolence and impact of RLS on activities of daily living and mood.

UCB

UCB, Brussels, Belgium, is a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to the research, development and commercialization of innovative medicines with a focus on the fields of central nervous system and immunology disorders. Employing more than 9 000 people in over 40 countries, UCB produced revenue of EUR 3.1 billion in 2009. UCB is listed on Euronext Brussels (symbol: UCB).

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Cite This Page (APA): UCB. (2010, April 14). Restless Legs Syndrome Medication Treatment. Disabled World. Retrieved August 10, 2022 from www.disabled-world.com/health/neurology/sleepdisorders/restlesslegsyndrome/neupro-rls.php

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