Synopsis: Does eating certain foods before sleep cause you to dream more? Includes a list of foods that are reported to make you have vivid and lucid dreams.
One of the age-old beliefs is that eating cheese before bed will give you nightmares. But is it true and do different cheeses have different effects?
Although scientists are still unsure of the relationship between dreams and eating before bed, it is clear that eating close to sleeping can cause disrupted sleep. It seems to depend on what is in the meal and what time you eat that meal before you go to sleep.
According to Medline Plus, eating right before bed increases your metabolism which also increases your brain's overnight activity, leading to dreams and nightmares. Whereas some substances such as alcohol and nicotine cause a lighter sleep and prevent REM sleep, which decreases dreaming.
Eating before bed can affect things other than dreams.
Eating before bed can increase heartburn, a condition in which stomach acid leaks from your stomach into your esophagus. This can lead to burning sensations and chest pain, disrupting your sleep. According to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, eating right before sleep can also aggravate cyclical vomiting syndrome, in which individuals suffer from episodes of nausea and vomiting.
What is the Difference Between Vivid and Lucid Dreams
Vivid Dreams - Dreams that you remember as if it just happened. Typically, The most vivid dreams are the ones you have right before waking. Although, sometimes if a dream has very significant relevance to something important in your Life, you can experience it early on in dream state and still have vivid memories of it upon waking.
Lucid Dream - A dream in which one is aware that one is dreaming. In a lucid dream, the dreamer has greater chances to exert some degree of control over their participation within the dream or be able to manipulate their imaginary experiences in the dream environment. Lucid dreams can be realistic and vivid.
What Can You Eat Before Bed to Make Dreams Seem Real?
Colorful abstract artwork that may be depicting psychedelic dreaming - Lovers and madmen have such seething brains. Such shaping fantasies, that apprehend. More than cool reason ever comprehends... A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act 5, Scene 1.
Cheese: One of the age-old beliefs is that eating cheese before bed will give you nightmares. But is it true and do different cheeses have different effects? Well, British researchers gave 200 people cheese every night for a week before bed. No one had a nightmare but it did affect their dreams. People who ate cheddar dreamed about celebrities. While another British cheese, Red Leicester, sent people back to their schooldays.
Spicy Foods Before Bed: When and what we eat may affect our nighttime rest, if not our tendency toward bad dreams. A study published in the International Journal of Psychophysiology had a group of healthy men eat spicy meals before bed on some evenings and compared their quality of sleep on nights where they had non-spiced meals. On the spicy nights, the subjects spent more time awake and had poorer quality sleep. The explanation is that spicy food can elevate body temperatures and thus disrupt sleep. This may also be the reason why some people report bad dreams when they eat too close to bedtime. Though few studies have looked at it, eating close to bedtime increases metabolism and brain activity and may prompt bad dreams or nightmares.
Garlic: There are a few people who claim garlic affects their sleep, as well as causing them to have weird dreams and really vivid nightmares.
Vitamin B6 - Pyridoxine: Some people swear taking Vitamin B6 before sleep will produce very vivid dreams. In addition scientists have found that vivid dreams are often a symptom of an excess of vitamin B6 in the body. Individuals who are taking a lot of vitamin B6 as a supplement may notice an increase in vivid dreaming. Foods that contain vitamin B6 include; bananas, oranges, fish, liver, beans, nuts, eggs, chicken, carrots, spinach, and other healthy foods.
Tryptophan: Tryptophan is an amino acid taken by Vitamin B6 and converted into Serotonin. Serotonin can cause extremely vivid dreams at higher levels. Tryptophan is found in such foods as cheddar cheese, chicken, salmon, lamb, egg, flour, white rice, and milk. Cheddar cheese has the most amount of tryptophan.
Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple Cider Vinegar has been said to cause extremely vivid and realistic dreams. Mix 2 tablespoons in a large glass of water, add some honey if you don't like the taste.
Other Foods to Make You Dream:
Pizza before bed is another food that many people suggest causes vivid dreams.
It has also been reported that eating cabbage or brussel sprouts close to bedtime will bring your dreams alive in smellovision.
Various herbal supplements and medication can also be a cause of vivid dreaming. For example, individuals who start taking anti-depressant medications will often notice an increase in vivid dreaming.
Certain herbs, such as valerian root and chamomile, which are used to induce sleep, can also bring on more vivid dreams.
Nicotine Patches: Though certainly not a food, one of the side effects of nicotine patches include hyper vivid dreams that last for hours and feel very real. Here is a link (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16782142) to a medical study titled, "The effect of transdermal nicotine patches on sleep and dreams. "
Facts Regarding Dreams and Dreaming
The scientific study of dreams is called oneirology.
Women tend to have more frequent dream recall than men.
A small minority of people say that they dream only in black and white.
The average person has three to five dreams per night, and some may have up to seven.
Dreams can at times make a creative thought occur to the person or give a sense of inspiration.
The length of a dream can vary; they may last for a few seconds, or approximately 20 to 30 minutes.
The recall of dreams is extremely unreliable, though it is a skill that can be trained. Dreams can usually be recalled if a person is awakened while dreaming.
A nightmare is an unpleasant dream that can cause a strong negative emotional response from the mind, typically fear and/or horror, but also despair, anxiety and great sadness.
Dreams mainly occur in the rapid-eye movement (REM) stage of sleep, when brain activity is high and resembles that of being awake. Dreams may occur during other stages of sleep. However, these dreams tend to be much less vivid or memorable.
A night terror, also known as a sleep terror or pavor nocturnus, is a parasomnia disorder that predominantly affects children, causing feelings of terror or dread. Night terrors should not be confused with nightmares, which are bad dreams that cause the feeling of horror or fear.
In the late 19th century, psychotherapist Sigmund Freud developed a theory that the content of dreams is driven by unconscious wish fulfillment. Freud called dreams the "royal road to the unconscious." He theorized that the content of dreams reflects the dreamer's unconscious mind and specifically that dream content is shaped by unconscious wish fulfillment.
Carl Jung rejected many of Freud's theories. Jung expanded on Freud's idea that dream content relates to the dreamer's unconscious desires. He described dreams as messages to the dreamer and argued that dreamers should pay attention for their own good. He came to believe that dreams present the dreamer with revelations that can uncover and help to resolve emotional or religious problems and fears.
Lucid Dreams and Meta-cognition
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin and the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich have discovered that the brain area which enables self-reflection is larger in lucid dreamers. Thus, lucid dreamers are possibly also more self-reflecting when being awake. Lucid dreamers are aware of dreaming while dreaming. Sometimes, they can even play an active role in their dreams. Most of them, however, have this experience only several times a year and just very few almost every night. Internet forums and blogs are full of instructions and tips on lucid dreaming. Possibly, lucid dreaming is closely related to the human capability of self-reflection - the so-called meta-cognition.
Neuroscientists compared brain structures of frequent lucid dreamers and participants who never or only rarely have lucid dreams. Accordingly, the anterior prefrontal cortex, i.e., the brain area controlling conscious cognitive processes and playing an important role in the capability of self-reflection, is larger in lucid dreamers.
The differences in volumes in the anterior prefrontal cortex between lucid dreamers and non-lucid dreamers suggest that lucid dreaming and meta-cognition are indeed closely connected. This theory is supported by brain images taken when test persons were solving meta-cognitive tests while being awake. Those images show that the brain activity in the prefrontal cortex was higher in lucid dreamers.The results indicate that self-reflection in everyday life is more pronounced in persons who can easily control their dreams.
The researchers further want to know whether meta-cognitive skills can be trained. In a follow-up study, they intend to train volunteers in lucid dreaming to examine whether this improves the capability of self-reflection - (Filevich, E., Dresler, M., Brick, T.R., Kuhn, S. - Meta-cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Lucid Dreaming - The Journal of Neuroscience (2015) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3342-14.201)
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