Periodontitis Needs Evaluation for Heart Disease Risk

Author: Elsevier
Published: 2009/06/30 - Updated: 2018/03/16
Contents: Summary - Main - Related Publications

Synopsis: Patients with moderate to severe periodontitis need evaluation for heart disease risk.

Main Digest

Patients with moderate to severe periodontitis need evaluation for heart disease risk. Link to periodontitis strengthens evidence that inflammation contributes to atherosclerotic CVD.

Additional research is called for and patients with moderate to severe periodontitis should receive evaluation and possible treatment to reduce their risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a special consensus paper by editors of The American Journal of Cardiology and Journal of Periodontology in the July 1, 2009 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology, published by Elsevier.

Periodontitis, a bacterially-induced, localized, chronic inflammatory disease, destroys connective tissue and bone that support the teeth.

Periodontitis is common, with mild to moderate forms affecting 30 to 50% of adults and the severe generalized form affecting 5 to 15% of all adults in the USA.

In addition, there is now strong evidence that people with periodontitis are at increased risk of atherosclerotic CVD the accumulation of lipid products within the arterial vascular wall.

The explanation for the link between periodontitis and atherosclerotic CVD is not yet clear, but a leading candidate is inflammation caused by the immune system.

In recent years the inflammation is now recognized as a significant active participant in many chronic diseases.

Other explanations for periodontitis and atherosclerotic CVD are common risk factors such as smoking, diabetes mellitus, genetics, mental anxiety, depression, obesity, and physical inactivity.

Regardless of the cause, the expert panel believes that the current evidence is strong enough to recommend that doctors assess atherosclerotic CVD in their patients with periodontitis.

The research recommends that patients with moderate to severe periodontitis should be informed that there may be an increased risk of atherosclerotic CVD associated with periodontitis, and those patients with one or more known major risk factor for atherosclerotic CVD should consider a medical evaluation if they have not done so in the past 12 months.

"This consensus paper is important because it will draw attention to the fact that patients with periodontitis, especially moderate and severe forms of the disease, can have increased risk for coronary disease," commented to David Dionne, Executive Publisher of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Attribution/Source(s):

This quality-reviewed publication pertaining to our Oral Health and Hygiene section was selected for circulation by the editors of Disabled World due to its likely interest to our disability community readers. Though the content may have been edited for style, clarity, or length, the article "Periodontitis Needs Evaluation for Heart Disease Risk" was originally written by Elsevier, and submitted for publishing on 2009/06/30 (Edit Update: 2018/03/16). Disabled World makes no warranties or representations in connection therewith.

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