Vertigo: Semont Maneuver for PPPV Balance Disorders

Ian C. Langtree Content Writer/Editor for Disabled World
Published: 2009/07/07 - Updated: 2015/07/30
Contents: Summary - Introduction - Main - Related

Synopsis: Video showing the Semont maneuver effective in ridding the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Introduction

The diagnosis of BPPV is made by the characteristic symptoms and also by observing the nystagmus - the jerking of the eyes that accompanies the severe vertigo patients experience when the position of their head is changed. By tilting a patients head way back at the end of an examining table, a doctor will try to provoke the symptoms to see the nystagmus for a thorough diagnosis.

Main Digest

BPPV may be made worse by any number of modifiers which may vary between individuals:

The Semont maneuver

This involves the patient rapidly moved from lying on one side to lying on the other. A single 10 to 15 minute session is usually all that is required.

The Semont maneuver (also called the "liberatory" maneuver) is effective in ridding the symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with a cure rate of 90.3%.

When your head is firmly moved into the different positions, the crystal debris, or canaliths, causing vertigo will move freely and no longer cause the BPPV symptoms.

The Semont and modified Epley maneuvers are more effective than other treatments for BPPV, such as the Brandt-Daroff exercise.

The Semont maneuver is done with the help of a doctor or physical therapist.

A single 10 to 15 minute session usually is all that is needed.

When your head is firmly moved into different positions, the crystal debris (canaliths) causing vertigo moves freely and no longer causes symptoms.

The Semont maneuver is performed as follows:

The Semont and Epley maneuvers may improve or cure benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with only one treatment, however some people may need multiple treatments.

There are various procedures and several different types of vertigo.

It is suggested that you start with a full Vestibular Evaluation by a Trained Vestibular MD or Therapist (Physical or Occupational) as they can assist in diagnosing your vertigo problem and then treat it appropriately.

Medical treatment with anti-vertigo medications may be considered in acute, severe exacerbation of BPPV, but in most cases are not indicated. These primarily include drugs of the anti-histamine and anti-cholinergic class, such as meclizine and scopolamine respectively.

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Cite This Page (APA): Langtree, I. C. (2009, July 7 - Last revised: 2015, July 30). Vertigo: Semont Maneuver for PPPV Balance Disorders. Disabled World. Retrieved June 13, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/health/vertigo/semont-maneuver.php

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