Vascular structures in the anal canal which help with stool control. They become pathological or piles when swollen or inflamed. There are two kinds of hemorrhoids: internal ones, which occur in the lower rectum, and external hemorrhoids, which develop under the skin around the anus. The exact cause of symptomatic hemorrhoids is unknown. A number of factors are believed to play a role including: irregular bowel habits (constipation or diarrhea), a lack of exercise, nutritional factors (low-fiber diets), increased intra-abdominal pressure (prolonged straining, ascitis, an intra-abdominal mass, or pregnancy), genetics, an absence of valves within the hemorrhoidal veins, and aging. Hemorrhoids can usually be diagnosed from a simple medical history and physical exam. Initial treatment for mild to moderate disease consists of increasing fiber intake, oral fluids to maintain hydration, NSAIDs to help with the pain, and rest.
Discovering that you are suffering from hemorrhoids is actually a common occurrence. Many people get them and unfortunately once you have had them means that it will be something that will most likely return sometime in the future. The best way to avoid this is to apply proper treatments at the first sign of hemorrhoids and to maintain a healthy diet.
1) In order to prevent and correct the problem of hemorrhoids it is important to never ignore the need to go to the bathroom. Many sufferers avoid going to the bathroom because they know it is going to cause them pain. This will just lead to more pain because the bowel movement will have more time to absorb water at the end of your intestinal tract causing harder stools which will make your hemorrhoid problem more painful. Once you are able to go make sure that you clean the area thoroughly.
2) It would be a good idea to purchase a bottle of witch hazel which is a natural astringent and will reduce your inflammation and swelling. The bottles should not be too expensive and call be applied to some soft toilet paper. This may provide some cost savings to ready made pads soaked with witch hazel such as Tucks pads.
3) To stick with a homeopathic type of hemorrhoid home remedy you can consider applying aloe plant to the anus area. There are also over-the-counter creams and ointments by Preparation H, but for cost savings you can buy generic brands.
4) Some foods, while they won't make your hemorrhoids worse, can contribute to your anal misery by creating further itching as they pass through the bowels. Watch out for excessive coffee, strong spices, beer, and cola.
5) Take Buck thorn bark, collinsonia root, parsley, red grape vine leaves or stone root either in capsules or tea form. They are also good for the treatment of hemorrhoids.
6) Don't scratch. Hemorrhoids can itch, and scratching can make them feel better. But don't give in to the urge to scratch.
7) To keep the bowels clean use Cayenne ( capsicum ) or garlic enemas. They relieve pain caused by hemorrhoids.
8) Watch your weight. Because they have more pressure on the lower extremities, overweight people tend to have more problems with hemorrhoids just as they do with varicose veins
9) Apply vitamin E oil topically to the anal area or cutting off the end of a vitamin E capsule, and squeezing the oil inside into the anus also brings a great deal of pain relief.
10) Heavy lifting and strenuous exercise can act much like straining on the toilet.
11) Apply Aloe Vera gel directly on the anus, relieves pain and soothes the burning sensation.
12) Brew a strong, warm tea using Lady's mantle ( yarrow ), and apply to the hemorrhoids with a cotton ball several times a day or as required.
13) Choose a hemorrhoid cream over a suppository any day.
14) Homemade enemas and peeled garlic clove or small pieces of potato suppositories also help ease inflammation.
15) Use Bayberry, goldenseal root, myrrh, and white oak in a salve form to relieve pain in the hemorrhoids.
16) Avoid salt as excess salt retains fluids in the circulatory system that can cause bulging of the veins in the anus and elsewhere.
17) A "sitz bath" is a bath in which the hips and buttocks are immersed in warm water for the therapeutic effect of moist heat in the perineal and anal regions. It is one of the best treatments a person can use to get relief from hemorrhoids.
18) Avoid rubbing with toilet paper or moist towelettes. This aggravates the hemorrhoids and irritates the skin.
19) Take oral medications. You can use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) temporarily to help relieve your discomfort.
20) Sprinkle the anus with cornstarch or baby powder to absorb any moisture.
21) Acutely inflamed hemorrhoids respond well to icing the area. Apply an ice pack to the anal area on and off for 10-15 minutes, 5-times a day.
22) In order to avoid problems with hemorrhoids in the future it would be a good idea to make sure that your diet consists of high fiber foods. Be sure to get enough fruits and vegetables and drink enough water each day.