WHO List of Essential Medicine for Children and Adults

Over 155 Countries Have Created Lists of Essential Medicine Based on WHO's Model List

Ian C. Langtree Content Writer/Editor for Disabled World
Published: 2018/10/16 - Updated: 2023/10/01
Publication Type: Informative
Contents: Summary - Main - Related Publications

Synopsis: World Health Organization (WHO) Model List of Essential Medicines for adults and children that satisfy priority health care needs of the population. The core items are deemed to be the most cost effective options for key health problems and are usable with little additional health care resources. As of 2016, more than 155 countries have created national lists of essential Medicine based on the World Health Organization's model list.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicine

Essential Medicine, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO)*, are the Medicines that "satisfy the priority health care needs of the population". These are the medications to which people should have access at all times in sufficient amounts. The WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicine has been updated every two years since 1977.

A separate list for children up to 12 years of age, known as the WHO Model List of Essential Medicine for Children (EMLc), was created in 2007 and is in its 6th edition. It was created to make sure that the needs of children were systematically considered such as availability of proper formulations. Everything in the children's list is also included in the main EML list.

The list is divided two parts; core items and complementary items.

  • The core items are deemed to be the most cost effective options for key health problems and are usable with little additional health care resources.
  • The complementary items either require additional infrastructure such as specially trained health care providers or diagnostic equipment or have a lower cost-benefit ratio.

The World Health Organization Model Lists of Essential Medicine serves as a guide in various countries to increase access to medicines and guide choices about readily available drugs in their respective populations. Many countries have adopted the concept of essential Medicine and have developed lists of their own, using the EML as a guide.

The EML is updated and revised every two years by the WHO Expert Committee on the Selection and Use of Essential Medicine. As of 2016, more than 155 countries have created national lists of essential Medicine based on the World Health Organization's model list. This includes countries in both the developed and developing world.

Current Versions

Main Digest

"These medicines are chosen according to evidence of safety, efficacy and public health relevance. Essential medicines should be available in health systems everywhere, at all times," - Marie-Paule Kieny, WHO Assistant Director-General for Health Systems and Innovation.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML) - Adults

General Anesthetics and Oxygen

  • Inhalation Medicine
  • Halothane
  • Isoflurane
  • Nitrous oxide
  • Oxygen
  • Injectable Medicine
  • Ketamine
  • Propofol
  • Local Anesthetics
  • Bupivacaine
  • Lidocaine
  • Lidocaine/Epinephrine
  • Ephedrine
  • Preoperative medication/sedation (short-term procedures)
  • Atropine
  • Midazolam
  • Morphine

Medicine for Palliative Care and Pain

  • Nonopioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin)
  • Ibuprofen
  • Paracetamol (Acetaminophen)
  • Opioid Analgesics
  • Codeine
  • Fentanyl
  • Morphine
  • Methadone
  • Medicine for Common Palliative Care Symptoms
  • Amitriptyline
  • Cyclizine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Diazepam
  • Docusate sodium
  • Fluoxetine
  • Haloperidol
  • Hyoscine butylbromide
  • Hyoscine hydrobromide
  • Lactulose
  • Loperamide
  • Metoclopramide
  • Midazolam
  • Ondansetron
  • Senna

Antiallergics and Medicine Used in Anaphylaxis

  • Dexamethasone
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Loratadine
  • Prednisolone

Poison Antidotes and Substances

  • Nonspecific
  • Charcoal, activated
  • Specific
  • Acetylcysteine
  • Atropine
  • Calcium gluconate
  • Methylthioninium chloride (methylene blue)
  • Naloxone
  • Penicillamine
  • Prussian blue
  • Sodium nitrite
  • Sodium thiosulfate
  • Deferoxamine
  • Dimercaprol
  • Fomepizole
  • Sodium calcium edetate
  • Succimer

Anticonvulsive Medication

  • Carbamazepine
  • Diazepam
  • Lamotrigine
  • Lorazepam
  • Magnesium sulfate
  • Midazolam
  • Phenobarbital
  • Phenytoin
  • Valproic acid (sodium valproate)
  • Ethosuximide

Anti-infective Medicine

  • Antihelminthics
  • Intestinal antihelminthics
  • Albendazole
  • Ivermectin
  • Levamisole
  • Mebendazole
  • Niclosamide
  • Praziquantel
  • Pyrantel
  • Antifilarials
  • Albendazole
  • Diethylcarbamazine
  • Ivermectin
  • Antischistosomals and other antinematode Medicine
  • Praziquantel
  • Triclabendazole
  • Oxamniquine
  • Antibiotics
  • Beta Lactam Medicine
  • Amoxicillin
  • Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (amoxicillin + clavulanic acid)
  • Ampicillin
  • Benzathine benzylpenicillin
  • Benzylpenicillin
  • Cefalexin
  • Cefazolin
  • Cefixime
  • Cefotaxime
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Cloxacillin
  • Phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin V)
  • Piperacillin/tazobactam
  • Procaine benzylpenicillin
  • Ceftazidime
  • Meropenem
  • Aztreonam
  • Imipenem/cilastatin
  • Other antibacterials
  • Amikacin
  • Azithromycin
  • Chloramphenicol
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Clindamycin
  • Doxycycline
  • Gentamicin
  • Metronidazole
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Spectinomycin
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
  • Vancomycin
  • Antileprosy Medicine
  • Clofazimine
  • Dapsone
  • Rifampicin
  • Antituberculosis Medicine
  • Ethambutol
  • Ethambutol/isoniazid (ethambutol + isoniazid)
  • Ethambutol/isoniazid/pyrazinamide/rifampicin (ethambutol + isoniazid + pyrazinamide + rifampicin)
  • Ethambutol/isoniazid/rifampicin (ethambutol + isoniazid + rifampicin)
  • Isoniazid
  • Isoniazid/pyrazinamide/rifampicin (isoniazid + pyrazinamide + rifampicin)
  • Isoniazid/rifampicin (isoniazid + rifampicin)
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Rifabutin
  • Rifampicin
  • Rifapentine
  • Amikacin
  • Bedaquiline
  • Capreomycin
  • Clofazimine
  • Cycloserine
  • Delamanid
  • Ethionamide
  • Kanamycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Linezolid
  • Moxifloxacin
  • p-aminosalicylic acid
  • Streptomycin
  • Antifungal Medicine
  • Amphotericin B
  • Clotrimazole
  • Fluconazole
  • Flucytosine
  • Griseofulvin
  • Itraconazole
  • Nystatin
  • Voriconazole
  • Potassium iodide
  • Antiviral Medicine
  • Antiherpes Medicine
  • Aciclovir
  • Antiretrovirals
  • Nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • Abacavir (ABC)
  • Lamivudine (3TC)
  • Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)
  • Zidovudine (ZDV or AZT)
  • Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • Efavirenz (EGV or EFZ)
  • Nevirapine (NVP)
  • Protease inhibitors
  • Atazanavir
  • Atazanavir/ritonavir
  • Darunavir
  • Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r)
  • Ritonavir
  • Integrase inhibitors
  • Dolutegravir
  • Raltegravir
  • Fixed-dose combinations
  • Abacavir/lamivudine
  • Efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir
  • Efavirenz/lamivudine/tenofovir
  • Emtricitabine/tenofovir
  • Lamivudine/nevirapine/zidovudine
  • Lamivudine/zidovudine
  • Medicine for prevention of HIV-related opportunistic infections
  • Isoniazid/pyridoxine/sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim
  • Other antivirals
  • Ribavirin
  • Valganciclovir
  • Oseltamivir
  • Antihepatitis Medicine
  • Medicine for hepatitis B
  • Nucleoside/Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • Entecavir
  • Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)
  • Medicine for hepatitis C
  • Nucleotide polymerase inhibitors
  • Sofosbuvir
  • Protease inhibitors
  • Simeprevir
  • NS5A inhibitors
  • Daclatasvir
  • Non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitors
  • Dasabuvir
  • Other antivirals
  • Ribavirin
  • Pegylated interferon-alpha-2a or pegylated interferon-alpha-2b
  • Fixed-dose combinations
  • Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir
  • Ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir
  • Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • Antiprotozoal Medicine
  • Antiamoebic and antigiardiasis Medicine
  • Diloxanide
  • Metronidazole
  • Antileishmaniasis Medicine
  • Amphotericin B
  • Miltefosine
  • Paromomycin
  • Sodium stibogluconate or meglumine antimoniate
  • Antimalarial Medicine
  • For curative treatment
  • Amodiaquine
  • Artemether
  • Artemether/lumefantrine
  • Artesunate
  • Artesunate/amodiaquine
  • Artesunate/mefloquine
  • Artesunate/pyronaridine
  • Chloroquine
  • Dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine
  • Doxycycline
  • Mefloquine
  • Primaquine
  • Quinine
  • Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine
  • For prevention
  • Chloroquine
  • Doxycycline
  • Mefloquine
  • Proguanil
  • Antipneumocystosis and antitoxoplasmosis Medicine
  • Pyrimethamine
  • Sulfadiazine
  • Sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim
  • Pentamidine
  • Antitrypanosomal Medicine
  • African trypanosomiasis
  • 1st stage
  • Pentamidine
  • Suramin sodium
  • 2nd stage
  • Eflornithine
  • Melarsoprol
  • Nifurtimox
  • American trypanosomiasis
  • Benznidazole
  • Nifurtimox

Antimigraine Medicine

  • Acute attack
  • Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin)
  • Ibuprofen
  • Paracetamol
  • Prevention
  • Propranolol

Antineoplastic and Immunosuppressives

  • Immunosuppressive Medicine
  • Azathioprine
  • Ciclosporin
  • Cytotoxic and adjuvant Medicine
  • All-trans retinoic acid (tretinoin)
  • Allopurinol
  • Asparaginase
  • Bendamustine
  • Bleomycin
  • Calcium folinate
  • Capecitabine
  • Carboplatin
  • Chlorambucil
  • Cisplatin
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cytarabine
  • Dacarbazine
  • Dactinomycin
  • Dasatinib
  • Daunorubicin
  • Docetaxel
  • Doxorubicin
  • Etoposide
  • Filgrastim
  • Fludarabine
  • Fluorouracil
  • Gemcitabine
  • Hydroxycarbamide
  • Ifosfamide
  • Imatinib
  • Irinotecan
  • Mercaptopurine
  • Mesna
  • Methotrexate
  • Nilotinib
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Paclitaxel
  • Procarbazine
  • Rituximab
  • Thioguanine
  • Trastuzumab
  • Vinblastine
  • Vincristine
  • Vinorelbine
  • Zoledronic acid
  • Hormones/Antihormones
  • Anastrozole
  • Bicalutamide
  • Dexamethasone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Leuprorelin
  • Methylprednisolone
  • Prednisolone
  • Tamoxifen

Medicine Affecting Blood

  • Antianaemia Medicine
  • Ferrous salt
  • Ferrous salt/folic acid
  • Folic acid
  • Hydroxocobalamin
  • Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents
  • Medicine affecting coagulation
  • Enoxaparin
  • Heparin sodium
  • Phytomenadione
  • Protamine sulfate
  • Tranexamic acid
  • Warfarin
  • Desmopressin
  • Other Medicine for haemoglobinopathies
  • Deferoxamine
  • Hydroxycarbamide

Blood Products and Plasma Substitutes

  • Blood and blood components
  • Fresh frozen plasma
  • Platelet concentrates
  • Packed red blood cells
  • Whole blood
  • Plasma-derived Medicine
  • Human immunoglobulins
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
  • Anti-rabies immunoglobulin
  • Anti-tetanus immunoglobulin
  • Human normal immunoglobulin
  • Blood coagulation factors
  • Coagulation factor VIII
  • Coagulation factor IX
  • Plasma substitutes
  • Dextran 70

Cardiovascular Medicine

  • Antianginal Medicine
  • Bisoprolol
  • Glyceryl trinitrate
  • Isosorbide dinitrate
  • Verapamil
  • Antiarrhythmic Medicine
  • Bisoprolol
  • Digoxin
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Lidocaine
  • Verapamil
  • Amiodarone
  • Antihypertensive Medicine
  • Amlodipine
  • Bisoprolol
  • Enalapril
  • Hydralazine
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Methyldopa
  • Losartan
  • Sodium nitroprusside
  • Medicine for heart failure
  • Bisoprolol
  • Digoxin
  • Enalapril
  • Furosemide
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Losartan
  • Spironolactone
  • Dopamine
  • Antithrombotic Medicine
  • Anti-platelet Medicine
  • Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
  • Clopidogrel
  • Thrombolytic Medicine
  • Streptokinase
  • Lipid-lowering agents
  • Simvastatin

Dermatological (Topical)

  • Antifungal Medicine
  • Miconazole
  • Selenium sulfide
  • Sodium thiosulfate
  • Terbinafine
  • Anti-infective Medicine
  • Mupirocin
  • Potassium permanganate
  • Silver sulfadiazine
  • Anti-inflammatory and antipruritic Medicine
  • Betamethasone
  • Calamine
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Medicine affecting skin differentiation and proliferation
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Coal tar
  • Fluorouracil
  • Podophyllum resin
  • Salicylic acid
  • Urea
  • Scabicides and pediculicides
  • Benzyl benzoate
  • Permethrin

Antiparkinsonism Medicine

  • Biperiden
  • Carbidopa/levodopa (levodopa + carbidopa)

Diagnostic Agents

  • Biperiden
  • Carbidopa/levodopa (levodopa + carbidopa)
  • Ophthalmic Medicine
  • Fluorescein
  • Tropicamide
  • Radiocontrast media
  • Amidotrizoate
  • Barium sulfate
  • Iohexol
  • Meglumine iotroxate

Disinfectants/Antiseptics

  • Antiseptics
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Ethanol
  • Povidone iodine
  • Disinfectants
  • Alcohol based hand rub
  • Chlorine base compound
  • Chloroxylenol
  • Glutaral

Diuretics Medicine

  • Amiloride
  • Furosemide
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Mannitol
  • Spironolactone

Gastrointestinal Medicine

  • Pancreatic enzymes
  • Antiulcer Medicine
  • Omeprazole
  • Ranitidine
  • Antiemetic Medicine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Metoclopramide
  • Ondansetron
  • Anti-inflammatory Medicine
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Laxatives
  • Senna
  • Medicine used in diarrhea
  • Oral rehydration
  • Oral rehydration salts
  • Medicine for diarrhea in children
  • Zinc sulfate

Hormones, Endocrine Medicine, Contraceptives

  • Adrenal hormones and synthetic substitutes
  • Fludrocortisone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Androgens
  • Testosterone
  • Contraceptives
  • Oral hormonal contraceptives
  • Ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel
  • Ethinylestradiol/norethisterone
  • Levonorgestrel
  • Ulipristal
  • Injectable hormonal contraceptives
  • Estradiol cypionate/medroxyprogesterone acetate
  • Medroxyprogesterone acetate
  • Norethisterone enantate
  • Intrauterine devices
  • IUD with copper
  • IUD with progestogen
  • Barrier methods
  • Condoms
  • Diaphragms
  • Implantable contraceptives
  • Etonogestrel-releasing implant
  • Levonorgestrel-releasing implant
  • Intravaginal contraceptives
  • Progesterone vaginal ring
  • Insulins and other Medicine used for diabetes
  • Gliclazide
  • Glucagon
  • Insulin injection (soluble)
  • Intermediate-acting insulin
  • Metformin
  • Ovulation inducers
  • Clomifene
  • Progestogens
  • Medroxyprogesterone acetate
  • Thyroid hormones and antithyroid Medicine
  • Levothyroxine
  • Potassium iodide
  • Propylthiouracil
  • Lugol's solution

Immunologicals

  • Diagnostic agents
  • Tuberculin, purified protein derivative (PPD)
  • Sera and immunoglobulins
  • Antivenom immunoglobulin
  • Diphtheria antitoxin
  • Vaccines
  • BCG vaccine
  • Cholera vaccine
  • Diphtheria vaccine
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
  • Hepatitis A vaccine
  • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • HPV vaccine
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Japanese encephalitis vaccine
  • Measles vaccine
  • Meningococcal meningitis vaccine
  • Mumps vaccine
  • Pertussis vaccine
  • Pneumococcal vaccine
  • Poliomyelitis vaccine
  • Rabies vaccine
  • Rotavirus vaccine
  • Rubella vaccine
  • Tetanus vaccine
  • Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • Typhoid vaccine
  • Varicella vaccine
  • Yellow fever vaccine

Muscle Relaxants - Peripherally Acting - Cholinesterase Inhibitors

  • Atracurium
  • Neostigmine
  • Suxamethonium
  • Vecuronium
  • Pyridostigmine

Eye Preparations

  • Anti-infective agents
  • Aciclovir
  • Azithromycin
  • Erythromycin
  • Gentamicin
  • Natamycin
  • Ofloxacin
  • Tetracycline
  • Anti-inflammatory agents
  • Prednisolone
  • Local anesthetics
  • Tetracaine
  • Miotics and antiglaucoma Medicine
  • Acetazolamide
  • Latanoprost
  • Pilocarpine
  • Timolol
  • Mydriatics
  • Atropine
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
  • Bevacizumab

Oxytocics - Antioxytocics

  • Oxytocics and abortifacients
  • Ergometrine
  • Misoprostol
  • Oxytocin
  • Mifepristone used with misoprostol
  • Antioxytocics (tocolytics)
  • Nifedipine

Peritoneal Dialysis Solution

  • Intraperitoneal dialysis solution (of appropriate composition)

Medicine for Mental/Behavioural Disorders

  • Medicine used in psychotic disorders
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Fluphenazine
  • Haloperidol
  • Risperidone
  • Clozapine
  • Medicine used in mood disorders
  • Medicine used in depressive disorders
  • Amitriptyline
  • Fluoxetine
  • Medicine used in bipolar disorders
  • Carbamazepine
  • Lithium
  • Valproic acid (sodium valproate)
  • Medicine for anxiety disorders
  • Diazepam
  • Medicine used for obsessive compulsive disorders
  • Clomipramine
  • Medicine for disorders due to psychoactive substance use
  • Nicotine replacement therapy
  • Methadone

Respiratory Tract Medicine

  • Antiasthmatic and Medicine for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Beclometasone
  • Budesonide
  • Budesonide/formoterol
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Ipratropium bromide
  • Salbutamol (albuterol)

Solutions Correcting Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Disturbances

  • Oral
  • Oral rehydration salts
  • Potassium chloride
  • Parenteral
  • Glucose
  • Glucose with sodium chloride
  • Potassium chloride
  • Sodium chloride
  • Sodium hydrogen carbonate
  • Sodium lactate, compound solution
  • Miscellaneous
  • Water for injection

Essential Vitamins and Minerals

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Calcium
  • Cholecalciferol
  • Ergocalciferol
  • Iodine
  • Nicotinamide
  • Pyridoxine
  • Retinol
  • Riboflavin
  • Sodium fluoride
  • Thiamine
  • Calcium gluconate

Ear, Nose, Throat Medicine in Children

  • Acetic acid
  • Budesonide
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Xylometazoline

Neonatal Care Specific Medicine

  • Medicine administered to the neonate
  • Caffeine citrate
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Ibuprofen
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Prostaglandin E1
  • Prostaglandin E2
  • Surfactant
  • Medicine administered to the mother
  • Dexamethasone

Joint Diseases Medicine

  • Medicine used to treat gout
  • Allopurinol
  • Disease-modifying agents used in rheumatoid disorders
  • Chloroquine
  • Azathioprine
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Methotrexate
  • Penicillamine
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Juvenile joint diseases
  • Aspirin

WHO Model List of Essential Medicine - Children (EMLc)

Anesthetics

  • Inhalation Medicine
  • Halothane
  • Isoflurane
  • Nitrous oxide
  • Oxygen
  • Injectable Medicine
  • Ketamine
  • Propofol
  • Local Anesthetics
  • Bupivacaine
  • Lidocaine
  • Lidocaine/Epinephrine
  • Ephedrine
  • Preoperative medication/sedation (short-term procedures)
  • Atropine
  • Midazolam
  • Morphine

Medicine for Palliative Care and Pain

  • Nonopioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin)
  • Ibuprofen
  • Paracetamol (Acetaminophen)
  • Opioid Analgesics
  • Morphine
  • Medicine for Common Palliative Care Symptoms
  • Amitriptyline
  • Cyclizine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Diazepam
  • Docusate sodium
  • Fluoxetine
  • Hyoscine hydrobromide
  • Lactulose
  • Loperamide
  • Metoclopramide
  • Midazolam
  • Ondansetron
  • Senna

Antiallergics and Medicine Used in Anaphylaxis

  • Dexamethasone
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Loratadine
  • Prednisolone

Antidotes and other substances used in poisonings

  • Nonspecific
  • Charcoal, activated
  • Specific
  • Acetylcysteine
  • Atropine
  • Calcium gluconate
  • Methylthioninium chloride (methylene blue)
  • Naloxone
  • Deferoxamine
  • Dimercaprol
  • Fomepizole
  • Sodium calcium edetate
  • Succimer

Anticonvulsants/Antiepileptics

  • Carbamazepine
  • Diazepam
  • Lorazepam
  • Phenobarbital
  • Phenytoin
  • Valproic acid (sodium valproate)
  • Ethosuximide

Anti-infective Medicine

  • Antihelminthics
  • Intestinal antihelminthics
  • Albendazole
  • Levamisole
  • Mebendazole
  • Niclosamide
  • Praziquantel
  • Pyrantel
  • Antifilarials
  • Albendazole
  • Diethylcarbamazine
  • Ivermectin
  • Antischistosomals and other antinematode Medicine
  • Praziquantel
  • Triclabendazole
  • Oxamniquine
  • Antibiotics
  • Beta lactam Medicine
  • Amoxicillin
  • Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (amoxicillin + clavulanic acid)
  • Ampicillin
  • Benzathine benzylpenicillin
  • Benzylpenicillin
  • Cefalexin
  • Cefazolin
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Cloxacillin
  • Phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin V)
  • Procaine benzylpenicillin
  • Cefotaxime
  • Ceftazidime
  • Imipenem/cilastatin
  • Other antibacterials
  • Azithromycin
  • Chloramphenicol
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Doxycycline
  • Erythromycin
  • Gentamicin
  • Metronidazole
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
  • Trimethoprim
  • Clindamycin
  • Vancomycin
  • Antileprosy Medicine
  • Clofazimine
  • Dapsone
  • Rifampicin
  • Antituberculosis Medicine
  • Ethambutol
  • Isoniazid
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Rifabutin
  • Rifampicin
  • Rifapentine
  • Amikacin
  • Capreomycin
  • Cycloserine
  • Ethionamide
  • Kanamycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Linezolid
  • p-aminosalicylic acid
  • Streptomycin
  • Antifungal Medicine
  • Amphotericin B
  • Fluconazole
  • Flucytosine
  • Griseofulvin
  • Nystatin
  • Potassium iodide
  • Antiviral Medicine
  • Antiherpes Medicine
  • Aciclovir
  • Antiretrovirals
  • Nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • Abacavir (ABC)
  • Lamivudine (3TC)
  • Stavudine (d4T)
  • Zidovudine (ZDV or AZT)
  • Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • Efavirenz (EGV or EFZ)
  • Nevirapine (NVP)
  • Protease inhibitors
  • Atazanavir
  • Darunavir
  • Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r)
  • Ritonavir
  • Fixed-dose combinations
  • Abacavir/lamivudine (abacavir + lamivudine)
  • Lamivudine/nevirapine/stavudine
  • Lamivudine/nevirapine/zidovudine
  • Lamivudine/zidovudine
  • Other antivirals
  • Oseltamivir
  • Ribavirin
  • Valganciclovir
  • Antihepatitis Medicine
  • Medicine for hepatitis B
  • Nucleoside/Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • Entecavir
  • Antiprotozoal Medicine
  • Antiamoebic and antigiardiasis Medicine
  • Diloxanide
  • Metronidazole
  • Antileishmaniasis Medicine
  • Amphotericin B
  • Miltefosine
  • Paromomycin
  • Sodium stibogluconate or meglumine antimoniate
  • Antimalarial Medicine
  • For curative treatment
  • Amodiaquine
  • Artemether
  • Artemether/lumefantrine
  • Artesunate
  • Artesunate/amodiaquine
  • Artesunate/mefloquine
  • Chloroquine
  • Doxycycline
  • Mefloquine
  • Primaquine
  • Quinine
  • Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine
  • For prophylaxis
  • Chloroquine
  • Doxycycline
  • Mefloquine
  • Proguanil
  • Antipneumocystosis and antitoxoplasmosis Medicine
  • Pyrimethamine
  • Sulfadiazine
  • Sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim
  • Antitrypanosomal Medicine
  • African trypanosomiasis
  • 1st stage
  • Pentamidine
  • Suramin sodium
  • 2nd stage
  • Eflornithine
  • Nifurtimox
  • Melarsoprol
  • American trypanosomiasis
  • Benznidazole
  • Nifurtimox

Antimigraine Medicine

  • Acute attack
  • Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin)
  • Ibuprofen
  • Paracetamol
  • Prevention
  • Propranolol

Antineoplastic and Immunosuppressives

  • Immunosuppressive Medicine
  • Azathioprine
  • Ciclosporin
  • Cytotoxic and adjuvant Medicine
  • Allopurinol
  • Asparaginase
  • Bleomycin
  • Calcium folinate
  • Carboplatin
  • Cisplatin
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cytarabine
  • Dacarbazine
  • Dactinomycin
  • Daunorubicin
  • Doxorubicin
  • Etoposide
  • Filgrastim
  • Ifosfamide
  • Mercaptopurine
  • Mesna
  • Methotrexate
  • Paclitaxel
  • Thioguanine
  • Vinblastine
  • Vincristine
  • Hormones and antihormones
  • Dexamethasone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Methylprednisolone
  • Prednisolone

Medicine Affecting Blood

  • Antianaemia Medicine
  • Ferrous salt
  • Folic acid
  • Hydroxocobalamin
  • Medicine affecting coagulation
  • Phytomenadione
  • Desmopressin
  • Heparin sodium
  • Protamine sulfate
  • Warfarin
  • Other Medicine for haemoglobinopathies
  • Deferoxamine
  • Hydroxycarbamide

Blood Products and Plasma Substitutes

  • Blood and blood components
  • Fresh frozen plasma
  • Platelet concentrates
  • Packed red blood cells
  • Whole blood
  • Plasma-derived Medicine
  • Human immunoglobulins
  • Anti-rabies immunoglobulin
  • Anti-tetanus immunoglobulin
  • Human normal immunoglobulin
  • Blood coagulation factors
  • Coagulation factor VIII
  • Coagulation factor IX
  • Plasma substitutes
  • Dextran 70

Cardiovascular Medicine

  • Antihypertensive Medicine
  • Enalapril
  • Medicine used in heart failure
  • Digoxin
  • Furosemide
  • Dopamine

Dermatological (Topical)

  • Antifungal Medicine
  • Miconazole
  • Terbinafine
  • Anti-infective Medicine
  • Mupirocin
  • Potassium permanganate
  • Silver sulfadiazine
  • Anti-inflammatory and antipruritic Medicine
  • Betamethasone
  • Calamine
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Medicine affecting skin differentiation and proliferation
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Coal tar
  • Podophyllum resin
  • Salicylic acid
  • Urea
  • Scabicides and pediculicides
  • Benzyl benzoate
  • Permethrin

Diagnostic Agents

  • Ophthalmic Medicine
  • Fluorescein
  • Tropicamide
  • Radiocontrast media
  • Barium sulfate

Disinfectants/Antiseptics

  • Antiseptics
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Ethanol
  • Povidone iodine
  • Disinfectants
  • Alcohol based hand rub
  • Chlorine base compound
  • Chloroxylenol
  • Glutaral
  • Diuretics
  • Furosemide
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Mannitol
  • Spironolactone

Gastrointestinal Medicine

  • Pancreatic enzymes
  • Antiulcer Medicine
  • Omeprazole
  • Ranitidine
  • Antiemetic Medicine
  • Dexamethasone
  • Metoclopramide
  • Ondansetron
  • Medicine used in diarrhoea
  • Oral rehydration
  • Oral rehydration salts
  • Medicine for diarrhoea
  • Zinc sulfate

Hormones, Endocrine Medicine, Contraceptives

  • Adrenal hormones and synthetic substitutes
  • Fludrocortisone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Insulins and other Medicine used for diabetes
  • Glucagon
  • Insulin injection (soluble)
  • Intermediate-acting insulin
  • Metformin
  • Thyroid hormones and antithyroid Medicine
  • Levothyroxine
  • Lugol's solution
  • Potassium iodide
  • Propylthiouracil

Immunologicals

  • Diagnostic agents
  • Tuberculin, purified protein derivative (PPD)
  • Sera and immunoglobulins
  • Antivenom immunoglobulin
  • Diphtheria antitoxin
  • Vaccines
  • BCG vaccine
  • Cholera vaccine
  • Diphtheria vaccine
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
  • Hepatitis A vaccine
  • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • HPV vaccine
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Japanese encephalitis vaccine
  • Measles vaccine
  • Meningococcal meningitis vaccine
  • Mumps vaccine
  • Pertussis vaccine
  • Pneumococcal vaccine
  • Poliomyelitis vaccine
  • Rabies vaccine
  • Rotavirus vaccine
  • Rubella vaccine
  • Tetanus vaccine
  • Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • Typhoid vaccine
  • Varicella vaccine
  • Yellow fever vaccine

Muscle Relaxants - Peripherally Acting - Cholinesterase Inhibitors

  • Neostigmine
  • Suxamethonium
  • Vecuronium
  • Pyridostigmine

Eye Preparations

  • Anti-infective agents
  • Aciclovir
  • Azithromycin
  • Gentamicin
  • Ofloxacin
  • Tetracycline
  • Anti-inflammatory agents
  • Prednisolone
  • Local Anesthetics
  • Tetracaine
  • Mydriatics
  • Atropine
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)

Peritoneal Dialysis Solution

  • Intraperitoneal dialysis solution (of appropriate composition)

Medicine for Mental/Behavioural Disorders

  • Medicine used in psychotic disorders
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Haloperidol
  • Medicine used in mood disorders
  • Medicine used in depressive disorders
  • Fluoxetine

Respiratory Tract Medicine

  • Antiasthmatic Medicine
  • Budesonide
  • Epinephrine (adrenaline)
  • Salbutamol (albuterol)

Solutions Correcting Water, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Disturbances

  • Oral
  • Oral rehydration salts
  • Potassium chloride
  • Parenteral
  • Glucose
  • Glucose with sodium chloride
  • Potassium chloride
  • Sodium chloride
  • Sodium hydrogen carbonate
  • Sodium lactate, compound solution
  • Miscellaneous
  • Water for injection

Essential Vitamins and Minerals

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Cholecalciferol
  • Iodine
  • Pyridoxine
  • Retinol
  • Riboflavin
  • Sodium fluoride
  • Thiamine
  • Calcium gluconate

Ear, Nose, Throat Medicine in Children

  • Acetic acid
  • Budesonide
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Xylometazoline

Neonatal Care Specific Medicine

  • Medicine administered to the neonate
  • Caffeine citrate
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Ibuprofen
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Prostaglandin E1
  • Prostaglandin E2
  • Surfactant

Joint Diseases Medicine

  • Disease-modifying agents used in rheumatoid disorders
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Methotrexate
  • Juvenile joint diseases
  • Aspirin

*For further information visit World Health Organization - WHO Model List of Essential Medicine.

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Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. You can connect with us on social media such as X.com and our Facebook page.

Cite This Page (APA): Langtree, I. C. (2018, October 16). WHO List of Essential Medicine for Children and Adults. Disabled World. Retrieved April 21, 2024 from www.disabled-world.com/medical/eml.php

Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/medical/eml.php">WHO List of Essential Medicine for Children and Adults</a>: World Health Organization (WHO) Model List of Essential Medicines for adults and children that satisfy priority health care needs of the population.

Disabled World provides general information only. Materials presented are never meant to substitute for qualified professional medical care. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.