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Therapy: List of Types of Medical Therapies

Disabled World: Revised/Updated: 2018/12/08

Synopsis: List of medical therapy types including traditional and alternative medicine.


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Therapy is defined as the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis. In the medical field, it is usually synonymous with treatment (abbreviated tx or Tx), which is used more commonly than "therapy".

Among psychologists and other mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and clinical social workers, the term may refer specifically to psychotherapy (talking therapy).

Psychotherapies Treatment Options

Psychotherapy can be an alternative to medication, or can be used along with other treatment options, such as medications. Choosing the right treatment plan should be based on a person's individual needs and medical situation and under a mental health professional's care.

Closeup photography of balancing cairn stones - Photo by Bekir Dönmez on Unsplash.
Closeup photography of balancing cairn stones - Photo by Bekir Dönmez on Unsplash.

Psychotherapy (Talk therapy) is a term for a variety of treatment techniques that aim to help a person identify and change troubling emotions, thoughts, and behavior. Most psychotherapy takes place with a licensed and trained mental health care professional and a patient meeting one on one or with other patients in a group setting.

Even when medications relieve symptoms, psychotherapy and other interventions can help a person address specific issues. These might include self-defeating ways of thinking, fears, problems with interactions with other people, or dealing with situations at home and at school or with employment.

Different Types of Counselling Therapy May Include:

  • Hypnotherapy
  • Family therapy
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Gestalt Therapy
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Multimodal therapy
  • Behavioural therapy
  • Integrative approaches
  • Relationship counselling
  • Cognitive analytical therapy
  • Person-centred counselling
  • Psychodynamic Counselling
  • Solution-focused brief therapy
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
  • Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP)

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