Latest facts and statistics, news, and information of interest for persons with disabilities in China.
The China Disabled Persons' Federation, also known as the CDPF, is a national organization for individuals with disability in China established in Beijing, China in March 1988, aiming to represent and safeguard the rights and interests of disabled people. The predecessors of the CDPF are the China Association for the Blind and Deaf, established in 1960 and the China Welfare Fund for the Handicapped established in 1984. The three basic functions of the CDPF are to represent the interests of people with disabilities in China and help protect their legitimate rights, to provide them with comprehensive and effective services and to supervise affairs relating to people with disabilities commissioned by the Chinese government.
Social attitudes towards people with disabilities have gone through a gradual, yet fundamental change in China since then, thanks to the active advocacy of people within the disability community in China, as well as governmental support for disability initiatives. Traditionally, disabled individuals in China were discriminated against and did not have access to assistance. The 1980's and 1990's were a period of disability reform as the United Nations took an international stand on this topic. According to the College of William and Mary, "these preliminary efforts in turn were advanced by support from Deng Pufang." Deng Pufang is the son of Deng Xiaoping, who is credited for implementing the Chinese economic reform to raise the living standards of individuals and reduce poverty in China.
Chinese families with children with disabilities face unique circumstances in raising their children. Parents have reported experiencing blatantly discriminatory behavior from outsiders due to their child's disability. Furthermore, public schools have been known to not accept children with disabilities, thus denying them the opportunity to access their right to education.
China is a developing country in the world, so to a certain extent it is difficult to collect an accurate figures of the total number of people with disabilities. There are currently only two published national sample surveys on disability conducted in China. The First National Sample Survey on Disability was published in 1987, and the Second was published in 2006. Over the past 19 years, there has been an increase in the total number of disabled individuals and in the proportion of disabled people to the total population, (China Disabled Persons' Federation).
The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Disabled Persons, states a disabled person refers to one who suffers from abnormalities or loss of certain organ or function, psychologically or in anatomical structure and has lost wholly or in part the ability to perform an activity in the way considered normal.
According to the United Nations disability in China is common, approximately 83 million people in China are estimated to have a disability.
Of the total number of disabled individuals, men account for 42.77 million (51.55%) and women account for 40.19 million (48.45%), making the gender ratio 106.42 disabled men for every 100 disabled women. Furthermore, 20.71 million (25.96%) individuals of the disabled community reside in urban areas, whereas 62.25 million (75.04%) in rural areas, (International Labour Organization). For further information see: Overview of Disability in China
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