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Preventing Baseball and Softball Injuries

  • Published: 2011-03-30 : Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation.
  • Synopsis: The most common injuries are mild soft tissue injuries such as ligament sprains and muscle strains.

Main Document

From Little League to the Major League and at all levels in between, baseball and softball season is in full swing - and with that comes the risk of injury.

Tens of thousands of players will require medical attention for injuries that include strains, sprains, fractures and concussions, while countless others will experience aches and pains that go unreported.

"The most common injuries are mild soft tissue injuries such as ligament sprains and muscle strains, along with cuts, bruises and contusions," said Jeremiah Nieves, M.D., Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation. "We also see more serious ligament tears and cartilage damage in the knee caused by the start-and-stop motion of play, as well as overuse injuries, such as tendonitis, in the shoulder, elbow and wrist due to the repetitive motion of throwing. Each year, thousands of players also wind up with fractures due to collisions with other players or improper sliding techniques. And finally, despite protective equipment, players of all ages are at risk of experiencing eye injuries and concussions."

Although baseball and softball are considered non-contact sports, players typically sustain the more serious injuries because of contact with a ball, bat or another player. According to Mark Brinn, Kessler's director of outpatient rehabilitation services, contact and other injuries can't be avoided, but can be minimized. "These sports demand agility, speed, skill and coordination, and good overall conditioning can help players stay in the game throughout the season."

Preparing to play

Kessler Institute, one of the nation's leading providers of comprehensive physical medicine and rehabilitation services, suggests the following guidelines:

In addition, players, coaches and trainers are advised to observe basic rules for equipment use and technique, including:

Getting back in the game

Despite the best preparation, players will still experience injuries. Dr. Nieves suggests that players listen to their bodies, as well as to their physicians and trainers, before considering resuming play. For example, a player with a joint injury should have full range of motion, no pain or swelling, and be at full strength before returning to the field. A player who has sustained a concussion should undergo post-injury imPACT testing and a neuropsychology evaluation to be cleared for play.

"Injuries should be always be evaluated by a medical professional and treated accordingly," said Dr. Nieves. "Whether that means simply icing the injury and getting some rest or participating in a program of physical and/or occupational therapy, this will allow a player to optimize recovery and return to play in the best possible time frame."

About Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation

Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, the nation's largest single rehabilitation hospital, provides comprehensive programs of care in spinal cord injury, brain injury, stroke, amputation, neurological disorders and orthopedic conditions. Kessler is one of only six federally designated Model Systems in the nation for the treatment and research of both spinal cord and brain injuries. Ranked as one of the top two rehabilitation hospitals in the nation and best in the East by U.S. News & World Report , Kessler has three hospital campuses in West Orange, Saddle Brook and Chester, N.J., and more than 80 outpatient centers throughout the state. For more information, visit

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