Paralympic Games: Information, News and Events
Updated/Revised Date: 2022-04-10
Synopsis: The Paralympic Games are multi-sport disability events for athletes with physical mental and sensorial disabilities. The Paralympic Games are held every four years, following the Olympic Games, and are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) - (The Paralympic Games are sometimes confused with the Special Olympics, which are only for people with intellectual disabilities.) The name derives from the Greek "para" ("beside" or "alongside") and thus refers to a competition held in parallel with the Olympic Games. No relation with paralysis or paraplegia is intended. However, the word Paralympic was originally a portmanteau combining 'paraplegic' and 'Olympic'.
The Paralympic Games are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. This includes mobility disabilities, amputees, visual disabilities and those with cerebral palsy. The Paralympic Games are held every four years, following the Olympic Games, and are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) - (The Paralympic Games are sometimes confused with the Special Olympics, which are only for people with intellectual disabilities.)
There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
The logo of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) since 2004.
When did the Paralympic Games First start?
The Paralympics started in 1948 when Ludwig Guttmann organized a sports competition which involved World War 2 veterans that had spinal injuries. Afterwards a similar event was organized in Toronto, Canada where different disability groups were added and the idea of merging and taking part in athletic sports was a success.
The name derives from the Greek "para" ("beside" or "alongside") and thus refers to a competition held in parallel with the Olympic Games. No relation with paralysis or paraplegia is intended. However, the word Paralympic was originally a portmanteau combining 'paraplegic' and 'Olympic'.
The number of athletes participating in Summer Paralympic Games have increased from 400 athletes from 23 countries in Rome in 1960 to, 3806 athletes from 136 countries in Athens in 2004.
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement. The IPC organizes the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games, and serves as the International Federation for nine sports, for which it supervises and co-ordinates the World Championships and other competitions.
The Summer and Winter Paralympic Games are the ultimate international competitions for world-class athletes with a disability. They are linked to the Olympic celebrations every two years, and athletes must meet strict qualifying standards to compete.
Disability Category Definitions for Paralympic Games
(These categories apply to both summer and winter Paralympics.)
- Amputee: Athletes with a partial or total loss of at least one limb.
- Cerebral Palsy: Athletes with non-progressive brain damage, for example cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke or similar disabilities affecting muscle control, balance, or coordination.
- Intellectual Disability: Athletes with a significant impairment in intellectual functioning and associated limitations in adaptive behavior (currently suspended.)
- Wheelchair: Athletes with spinal cord injuries and other disabilities which require them to compete in a wheelchair.
- Visually Impaired: Athletes with vision impairment ranging from partial vision, sufficient to be judged legally blind, to total blindness.
- Athletes with a physical disability that does not fall strictly under one of the other five categories, such as dwarfism, multiple sclerosis or congenital deformities of the limbs such as that caused by thalidomide.
|Winter Paralympic Games:|
|1976 Winter Paralympics - Ornskaldsvik, Sweden|
|1980 Winter Paralympics - Geilo, Norway|
|1984 Winter Paralympics - Innsbruck, Austria|
|1988 Winter Paralympics - Innsbruck, Austria|
|1992 Winter Paralympics - Albertville, France|
|1994 Winter Paralympics - Lillehammer, Norway|
|1998 Winter Paralympics - Nagano, Japan|
|2002 Winter Paralympics - Salt Lake City, United States|
|2006 Winter Paralympics - Turin, Italy|
|2010 Winter Paralympics - Vancouver, Canada|
|2014 Winter Paralympics - Sochi, Russia|
|2018 Winter Paralympics - Pyeongchang, South Korea|
|2022 Winter Paralympics - Beijing, China|
|2026 Winter Paralympics - Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy|
|2030 Winter Paralympics - To Be Announced|
|Summer Paralympic Games:|
|1960 Summer Paralympics - Rome, Italy|
|1964 Summer Paralympics - Tokyo, Japan|
|1968 Summer Paralympics - Tel Aviv, Israel|
|1972 Summer Paralympics - Heidelberg, West Germany|
|1976 Summer Paralympics - Toronto, Canada|
|1980 Summer Paralympics - Arnhem, Netherlands|
|1984 Summer Paralympics - Stoke Mandeville, UK - New York, US|
|1988 Summer Paralympics - Seoul, South Korea|
|1992 Summer Paralympics - Barcelona, Spain|
|1996 Summer Paralympics - Atlanta, United States|
|2000 Summer Paralympics - Sydney, Australia|
|2004 Summer Paralympics - Athens, Greece|
|2008 Summer Paralympics - Beijing, China|
|2012 Summer Paralympics - London, United Kingdom|
|2016 Summer Paralympics - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|2020 Summer Paralympics - Tokyo, Japan (Held in 2021 due to COVID-19 World Pandemic)|
|2024 Summer Paralympics - Paris, France|
|2028 Summer Paralympics - Los Angeles, United States|
|2032 Summer Paralympics - Brisbane, Australia|
Subtopics and Associated Subjects
Disabled World is an independent disability community founded in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. See our homepage for informative reviews, exclusive stories and how-tos. You can connect with us on social media such as Twitter and Facebook or learn more about Disabled World on our about us page.
Disabled World provides general information only. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Financial support is derived from advertisements or referral programs, where indicated. Any 3rd party offering or advertising does not constitute an endorsement.
Cite This Page (APA): Disabled World. (2022, April 10). Paralympic Games: Information, News and Events. Disabled World. Retrieved June 27, 2022 from www.disabled-world.com/sports/paralympics/
• Permalink: <a href="https://www.disabled-world.com/sports/paralympics/">Paralympic Games</a>