Skip to main content
- Smaller Text | + Larger Text

Community College Performance Based Funding Hinders at Risk Students

Printer icon
  • Synopsis: Study indicates performance-based funding for Texas community colleges could disproportionately penalize colleges that predominately serve students from disadvantaged backgrounds - Published: 2015-01-17. For further information pertaining to this article contact: University of Houston at Marisa Ramirez - mrcannon@uh.edu.

Main Document

"If you are resource-dependent on state appropriations, what is one the most efficient ways to increase the funding that you get from the state"

A new study from the University of Houston College of Education indicates that performance-based funding (PBF) for Texas community colleges could disproportionately penalize colleges that predominately serve students from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Assistant professor Lyle McKinney tracked a cohort of 7,000 students who entered a large, urban community college system in Texas in fall 2007. Retroactively applying the metrics from the current performance-based funding model adopted for Texas community colleges during the last legislative session, his study identified which students would bring in the most performance-based funding for the college and which would bring the least.

The current PBF formula awards community colleges $185 per "student success point," some of which include passing the first college-level math course, completing 15 semester credit hours, earning a degree or certificate, or transferring to a university. PBF represents 10 percent of state appropriations to community colleges.

"What we found was that African-American students, older adults, students who attend part-time, those who had a GED versus a high school diploma and those assigned to the lowest level of developmental education brought significantly less performance-based funding to the institution," McKinney said. "About 28 percent of the students in our sample would have actually procured no performance-based funding for the college."

McKinney says in financially challenging times for higher education, even well-intentioned institutions may feel pressure to less aggressively recruit and enroll those students who are less likely to graduate, or who need additional support to move toward graduation.

University of Houston College of Education's Lyle McKinney examines student success in community colleges. Photo Credit - University of Houston
University of Houston College of Education's Lyle McKinney examines student success in community colleges. Photo Credit - University of Houston
"If you are resource-dependent on state appropriations, what is one the most efficient ways to increase the funding that you get from the state? You begin to restrict admissions among students who are less likely to achieve the outcomes in the funding model and you recruit more students who have a greater likelihood of being successful," he said. "It's called 'creaming,' and it means institutions have incentive to recruit only the 'cream of the crop.' That has major implications for institutions such as community colleges. It is an incredibly troubling potential unintended consequence of performance-based funding."

McKinney says his study is about improving success among the community college students of Texas.

It includes recommendations to provide direct funding incentives in the PBF model for the success of one or more at-risk student groups, to introduce measures that wouldn't punish institutions for experimenting with new programs to increase student success, and to better understand the impact of PBF on community colleges before a larger proportion of state funds are tied to the model.

"While there is no perfect performance funding model, our study can help inform policy discussions about the ways in which Texas' model for community colleges could be improved," McKinney said.

McKinney's study, conducted with Linda Serra Hagedorn/Iowa State University, is funded by the Greater Texas Foundation.

He recently presented his findings at the Association for the Study of Higher Education.



Related:

  1. Student Education Loan Discharge Process - Changes for Disability - The Law Offices of Steven R. Jacobs - (2012-09-30)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/disability/education/discharge.php
  2. When Test Scores Go Up - Some Cognitive Abilities Don't - Anne Trafton - Massachusetts Institute of Technology - (2013-12-11)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/disability/education/scores.php
  3. Students with Autism: Communication and Reading Skills - Thomas C. Weiss - (2014-01-31)
    https://www.disabled-world.com/disability/education/read.php





Newsletter

     What will I receive?

Money ChartLoan Information for low income singles, families, seniors and disabled. Includes home, vehicle and personal loans.


Abraham LincolnFamous People with Disabilities - Well known people with disabilities and conditions who contributed to society.


Pink awareness ribbonList of awareness ribbon colors and their meaning. Also see our calendar of awareness dates.


Chart IconBlood Pressure Chart - What should your blood pressure be. Also see information on blood group types and compatibility.


  1. Declawing Linked to Aggression and Other Abnormal Behaviors in Cats
  2. Russia Facing Ban From PyeongChang 2018 Paralympics
  3. Inspirational Bradford Handcyclist Set to Take Up Germany Ride
  4. Global Study Finds Massive Health Care Inequity




Citation