Skip to main content
NOTE: Terms of Service Updated 21 Feb 2018

Accessible Costa Rica for Travelers with Disabilities

  • Published: 2014-11-02 : TicoTimes (-).
  • Synopsis: Until now Costa Rica has long been out of reach for Ticos and tourists in wheelchairs or with other disabilities.
Costa Rica
A country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.

Main Document

Quote: "Large, balloon-like yellow tires help stabilize the chairs over uneven surfaces and keep it from sinking into the sand."

Costa Rica has long been known as a destination for adventure, with thoughts of surfing, hiking through rain forests and tranquil beaches coming to mind, but this iconic image of the country has long been out of reach for Ticos and tourists in wheelchairs or with other disabilities.

Innovative design in all-terrain wheelchairs and a growing social awareness of accessibility issues in Costa Rica, however, are poised to make the country's national wonders available to people with disabilities.

Fernan Gonzalez of Sistemas de Accesibilidad Total, an architecture and consulting company specializing in accessible design, unveiled two unique wheelchairs, perhaps the only of their kind in Costa Rica, during the Expo Travel trade show in San Jose last week.

At first glance, the so-called "amphibious chairs" look like something left over from NASA's Mars rover mission. Large, balloon-like yellow tires help stabilize the chairs over uneven surfaces and keep it from sinking into the sand. Another larger version equipped with life preservers can go into the ocean, allowing others to float alongside the person sitting down.

"The topic of accessible tourism isn't really addressed here in Costa Rica because everyone focuses on buildings, not in the enjoyment of tourism," said Gonzalez.

Carara National Park is one of the few protected areas in Costa Rica designed for people with disabilities, including low-incline paved trails, Braille and other information aids, and handicap-accessible bathrooms. Photo Credit Wikimedia Commons
About This Image: Carara National Park is one of the few protected areas in Costa Rica designed for people with disabilities, including low-incline paved trails, Braille and other information aids, and handicap-accessible bathrooms. Photo Credit Wikimedia Commons
But that may be changing. With several laws in effect requiring handicap accessibility in hotels and other public places, and pending legislation that would punish those who fail to comply with accessibility requirements, there is more pressure on the tourist industry to address accessibility issues for foreign and domestic visitors.

The National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC) met this week with Gonzalez to see how they could make Manuel Antonio, a national park on the Pacific coast, more accessible to people of all abilities.

Cecilia Montero of SINAC told The Tico Times that there are two national parks that are up to code for complete accessibility: Poas Volcano National Park and Carara National Park. Both parks have ramps, paved pathways, way-finding and information aids.

Montero said that SINAC hopes to make similar additions to six national parks total, including Izaru Volcano, Gayabo, Guanacaste, and Manuel Antonio.

The SINAC representative said that they are exploring options to develop a wheelchair accessible walkway to Manuel Antonio's mangroves and beach, including a gangway that would allow wheelchair access to the ocean.

But redesigning national parks does not come cheap: "The most difficult thing is to find funding for these projects," observed Montero.

Rita Chaves Casanova, leader of the Accessibility without Exclusion Party, PASE, agreed. The lawmaker told The Tico Times that there has been progress making the country's iconic national parks more accessible to people of all abilities but funding remains a problem.

"Often there are no resources to maintain a certain standard [of accessibility], much less adapt the parks," Chaves said.

The lawmaker pointed out that because the protected areas are public they too fall under the law's accessibility requirements. Chaves added that PASE has proposed bill 18,238 that would give "teeth" to the country's principal disability legislation, Law 7600, empowering authorities to sanction businesses or public places that do not comply with the law's accessibility requirements.

Gonzalez hopes that these considerations will make Costa Rica more accessible to Ticos and create a new tourism niche for visitors who thought the country's rugged image was out of reach.

"You can put [a person with disability] under a palm tree but they're not really getting a chance to fully enjoy the experience," Gonzalez said, "People need to understand that the true value of a tourist destination is that everyone can enjoy it."

Similar Topics

1 : Advice on Traveling with a Catheter : Aeroflow.
2 : Hotel Industry On Right Track to Full Accessibility : Open Doors Organization (ODO).
3 : UN Says Accessible Tourism Benefits Everyone : United Nations.
4 : Saigon Buddy Tours - Accessible Motorbike Tour of Ho Chi Minh City : Saigon Buddy Tours.
5 : Accomable Launches U.S. Headquarters in Austin, Texas : Accomable.
From our Disability Travel section - Full List (71 Items)

Submit disability news, coming events, as well as assistive technology product news and reviews.


Loan Information for low income singles, families, seniors and disabled. Includes home, vehicle and personal loans.


Famous People with Disabilities - Well known people with disabilities and conditions who contributed to society.


List of awareness ribbon colors and their meaning. Also see our calendar of awareness dates.


Blood Pressure Chart - What should your blood pressure be, and information on blood group types/compatibility.





1 : Early Childhood Education Requires Overhaul to Make it Accessible and Affordable
2 : How the Human Brain Can Tell Our Arms and Legs Apart
3 : Protein Levels in Spinal Fluid Correlate to Posture and Gait Difficulty in Parkinson's Disease
4 : Palliative Care Findings on Caregiver Depression, LGBT Partners, Moral Distress

Citation


Disclaimer: This site does not employ and is not overseen by medical professionals. Content on Disabled World is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. See our Terms of Service for more information.

Reporting Errors: Disabled World is an independent website, your assistance in reporting outdated or inaccurate information is appreciated. If you find an error please let us know.